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80 Cards in this Set

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A
WITHOUT

amoral: neither moral nor immoral
atheist: one who dose not believe in God
atypical: not typical
anonymous: of unknown authorship or origin
apathy: lack of interest or emotion
atrophy: the wasting away of body tissue
anomaly: an irregularity
agnostic: one who questions the existence of God
AB/ABS
OFF, AWAY FROM, APART, DOWN

abduct: to take by force
abhor: to hate, detest
abolish: to do away with, make void
abstract: conceived apart from concrete realities, specific objects, or actual instances
abnormal: deviating from a standard
abdicate: to renounce or relinquish a throne
abstinence: forbearance from any indulgence of appetite
abtruse: hard to understand; secret, hidden
AC/ACR
SHARP, BITTER

acid: something that is sharp, sour, or ill natured
acute: sharp at the end; ending in a point
acerbic: sour or astringent in taste; harsh in temper
acrid: sharp or biting to the taste or smell
acrimonious: caustic, stinging, or bitter in nature
exacerbate: to increase bitterness or violence; aggravate
ACT/AG
TO DO; TO DRIVE; TO FORCE; TO LEAD

agile: quick and well coordinated in movement; active, lively
agitate: to move or force into violent, irregular action
litigate: to make the subject of a lawsuit
prodigal: wastefully, or recklessly extravagant
pedagogue: a teacher
synagogue: a gathering or congregation of Jews for the purpose of religious worship
AD/AL
TO, TOWARD, NEAR

adapt: adjust or modify fittingly
adjacent: near, close, or contigious; adjoining
addict: to give oneself over, as to a habit or pursuit
admire: to regard with wonder, pleasure and approval
address: to direct a speech or written statement to
adhere: to stick fast; cleave; cling
adjoin: to be close or in conctact with
advocate: to plead in favor of
AL/ALI/ALTER
OTHER, ANOTHER

alternative: a possible choice
alias: an assumed name; another name
alibi: the defense by an accused person that he was verifiably elsewhere at the time of the crime which he is charged
alien: one born in another country; a foreigner
alter ego: the second self; a substitute or deputy
altruist: a person unselfishly concerned for the welfare of others
allegory: figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another
AM
LOVE

amateur: a person who engages in an activity for pleasure rather than financial or professional gain
amatory: of or pertaining to lovers or lovemaking
amenity: agreeable ways or manners
amorous: inclined to love, esp. sexual love
enamored: inflamed with love; charmed; captivated
amity: friendship; peaceful harmony
inamorata: a female lover
amiable: having or showing agreeable personal qualities
amicable: characterized by exhibiting good will
AMB
TO GO; TO WALK

ambient: moving freely; circulating
ambitious: desirous of achieving or obtaining power
preamble: an introductory statement
ambassador: an authorized messenger or representative
ambulance: a wheeled vehicle equipped for carrying sick people, usually to a hospital
ambulatory: of, pertaining to, or capable of walking
ambush: the act of lying concealed so as to attack by surprise
perambulator: one who makes a tour of inspection on foot
AMBI/AMPH
BOTH, MORE THAN ONE, AROUND

ambiguous: open to various interpretations
amphibian: any cold-blooded vertebrate, the larva of which is aquatic, and the adult of which is terrestrial; a person or thing having a twofold nature
ambidextrous: able to use both hands equally well
ANIM
OF THE LIFE, MIND, SOUL, SPIRIT

unanimous: in complete accord
animosity: a feeling of ill will or enmity
animus: hostile feeling or attitude
equanimity: mental or emotional stability, especially under tension
magnanimous: generous in forgiving an insult or injury
ANNUI/ENNI
YEAR

annual: of, for, or pertaining to a year; yearly
anniversary: the yearly recurrence of the date of a past event
annuity: a specified income payable at stated intervals
perennial: lasting for an indefinite amount of time
annals: a record of events, esp. a yearly record
ANTE
BEFORE

anterior: placed before
antecedent: existing, being, or going before
antedate: precede in time
antebellum: before the war (esp. the American Civil War)
antediluvian: belonging to the period before the biblical flood; very old or old-fashioned
ANTHRO/ANDR
MAN, HUMAN

anthropology: the science that deals with the origins of mankind
android: robot; mechanical man
misanthrope: one who hates humans or mankind
philanderer: one who carries on flirtations
androgynous: being both male and female
androgen: any substance that promotes masculine characteristics
anthropocentric: regarding man as the central fact of the universe
ANTI
AGAINST

antibody: a protein naturally existing in blood serum, that reacts to overcome the toxic effects of an antigen
antidote: a remedy for counteracting the effects of poison, disease, etcetera
antiseptic: free from germs; particularly clean or neat
antipathy: aversion
antipodal: on the opposite side of the globe
APO
AWAY

apology: an expression of one's regret or sorrow for having wronged another
apostle: one of the 12 disciples sent forth by Jesus to preach the gospel
apocalypse: revalation; discovery; disclosure
apogee: the highest or most distant point
apocryphal: of doubtful authorship or authenticity
apostasy: a total desertion of one's religion, principles, party, cause, etcetera
ARCH/ARCHI/ARCHY
CHIEF, PRINCIPAL, RULER

architect: the devisor, maker, or planner of anything
archenemy: chief enemy
monarchy: a government in which the supreme power is lodged in a sovereign
anarchy: a state or society without government or law
oligarchy: a state or society ruled by a select group
AUTO
SELF

automatic: self-moving or self-acting
autocrat: an absolute ruler
autonomy: independence or freedom
BE
TO BE; TO HAVE A PARTICULAR QUALITY; TO EXIST

belittle: to regard something as less impressive than it apparently is
bemoan: to express pity for
bewilder: to confuse or puzzle completely
belie: to misrepresent; to contradict
BEL/BELL
WAR

antebellum: before the war
rebel: a person who resists authority, control, or tradition
belligerent: warlike, given to waging war
BEN/BON
GOOD

benefit: anything advantageous to a person or thing
benign: having a kindly disposition
benediction: act of uttering a blessing
benevolent: desiring to do good to others
bonus: something given over and above what is due
bona fide: in good faith; without fraud
BI
TWICE, DOUBLE

binoculars: involving two eyes
biennial: happening every two years
bilateral: pertaining to or affecting two or both sides
bilingual: able to speak one's native language and another with equal facility
bipartisan: representing two parties
CAD/CID
TO FALL; TO HAPPEN BY CHANCE

accident: happening by chance; unexpected
coincidence: a striking occurence of two or more events at one time, apparently by chance
decadent: decaying; deteriorating
cascade: a waterfall descending over a steep surface
recidivist: one who repeatedly relapses, as into crime
CANT/CENT/CHANT
TO SING

accent: prominence of a syllable in terms of pronunciation
chant: a song; singing
enchant: to subject to magical influence; bewitch
recant: to withdraw or disavow a statement
incantation: the chanting of words purporting to have magical power
incentive: that which incites action
CAP/CIP/CEPT
TO TAKE; TO GET

capture: to take by force or strategem
anticipate: to realize beforehand; fortaste or foresee
susceptible: capable of receiving, admitting, undergoing, or being affected by something
emancipate: to free from restraint
percipient: having perception; discerning; discriminating
precept: a commandment or direction given as a rule of conduct
CAP/CAPIT/CIPIT
HEAD, HEADLONG

capital: the city or town that is the official seat of government
disciple: one who is a pupil of the doctrines of another
precipitate: to hasten the occurence of; to bring about prematurely
precipice: a cliff with a vertical face
capitulate: to surrender unconditionally or on stipulated terms
caption: a heading or title
CARD/CORD/COUR
HEART

cardiac: pertaining to the heart
encourage: to inspire with spirit or confidence
concord: agreement; peace, amity
discord: lack of harmony between persons or things
concordance: agreement, concord, harmony
CARN
FLESH

carnivorous: eating flesh
carnage: the slaughter of a great number of people
carnival: a traveling amusement show
reincarnation: rebirth of a soul in a new body
incarnation: a being invested with a bodily form
CAST/CHAST
CUT

cast: to throw or hurl; fling
caste: a hereditary social group, limited to people of the same rank
castigate: to punish in order to correct
chastise: to discipline, esp. by corporal punishment
chaste: free from obscenity; decent
CED/CEED/CESS
TO GO; TO YIELD; TO STOP

antecedent: existing, being, or going before
concede: to acknowledge as true, just, or proper; admit
predecessor: one who comes before another in an office, position, etcetera
cessation: a temporary or complete discontinuance
incessant: without stop
CENTR
CENTER

concentrate: to bring to a common center; to converge, to direct toward one point
eccentric: off center
concentric: having a common center, as in circles or spheres
centrifuge: an apparatus that rotates at high speed that separates substances or different densities using centrifugal force
centrist: of or pertaining to moderate political or social ideas
CERN/CERT/CRET/CRIM/CRIT
TO SEPARATE; TO JUDGE; TO DISTINGUISH; TO DECIDE

discrete: detached from others, separate
ascertain: to make sure of; to determine
certitude: freedom from doubt
discreet: judicious in one's conduct of speech, esp. with regard to maintaining silence about something of a delicate nature
hypocrite: a person who pretends to have beliefs that she does not
criterion: a standard of judgment or criticism
CHRON
TIME

synchronize: to occur at the same time or agree in time
chronology: the sequential order in which past events occurred
anachronism: an obsolete or archaic form
chronic: constant; habitual
chronometer: a time piece with a mechanism to adjust for accuracy
CIRCU
AROUND, ON ALL SIDES

circumference: the outer boundary of a circular area
circumstances: the existing conditions or state of affairs surrounding and affecting an agent
circuit: the act of going or moving around
circumambulate: to walk about or around
circuitous: roundabout, indirect
CIS
TO CUT

scissors: cutting instrument for paper
precise: definitely stated or defined
exorcise: to seek to expel an evil spirit by ceremony
incision: a cut, gash, or notch
incisive: penetrating, cutting
CLA/CLO/CLU
SHUT,CLOSE

conclude: to bring to an end; finish; to terminate
claustrophobia: an abnormal fear of enclosed places
disclose: to make known, reveal, or uncover
exclusive: not admitting of something else; shutting out others
cloister: a courtyard bordered with cover walks, esp. in a religious institution
preclude: to prevent the presence, existence, or occurence of
CLAIM/CLAM
TO SHOUT; TO CRY OUT

exclaim: to cry out or speak suddenly and vehemently
proclaim: to announce or declare in an official way
clamor: a loud uproar
disclaim: to deny interest in or connection with
reclaim: to claim or demand the return of a right or possession
CLI
TO LEAN TOWARD

decline: to cause to slope or incline downward
recline: to lean back
climax: the most intense point in the development of something
proclivity: inclination, bias
disinclination: aversion, distaste
CO/COL/COM/CON
WITH, TOGETHER

connect: to bind or fasten together
coerce: to compel by force, intimidation, or authority
compatible: capable of existing together in harmony
collide: to strike one another with a forceful impact
collaborate: to work with another, cooperate
conciliate: to placate, win over
commensurate: suitable in measure, proportionate
COUR/CUR
RUNNING; A COURSE

recur: to happen again
curriculum: the regular course of study
courier: a messenger traveling in haste who bears news
excursion: a short journey or trip
cursive: handwriting in flowing strokes with the letters joined together
concur: to accord in opinion; agree
incursion: a hostile entrance into a place, esp. suddenly
cursory: going rapidly over something; hasty; superficial
CRE/CRESC/CRET
TO GROW

accrue: to be added as a matter of periodic gain
creation: the act of producing or causing to exist
increase: to make greater in any respect
increment: something added or gained; an addition or increase
accretion: an increase by natural growth
CRED
TO BELIEVE; TO TRUST

incredible: unbelievable
credentials: anything that provides the basis for belief
credo: any formula of belief
credulity: willingness to believe or trust too readily
credit: trustworthiness
CRYP
HIDDEN

crypt: a subterranean chamber or vault
apocryphal: of doubtful authorship or authenticity
cryptology: the science of interpreting secret writings, codes, ciphers, and the like
cryptography: procedures of making and using secret writing
CUB/CUMB
TO LIE DOWN

cubicle: any small space or compartment that is partitioned off
succumb: to give away to superior force; yield
incubate: to sit upon for the purpose of hatching
incumbent: holding an indicated position
recumbent: lying down; relining; leaning
CULP
BLAME

culprit: a person guilty for an offense
culpable: deserving blame or censure
inculpate: to charge with fault
mea culpa: through my fault; my fault
DAC/DOC
TO TEACH

doctor: someone licensed to practice medicine; a learned person
doctrine: a particular principle advocated, as of government or religion
indoctrinate: to imbue a person with learning
docile: easily managed or handled; tractable
didactic: intended for instruction
DE
AWAY, OFF, DOWN, COMPLETELY, REVERSAL

descend: to move from a higher to a lower place
decipher: to make out the meaning; to interpret
defile: to make foul, dirty, or unclean
defame: to attack the good name or reputation of
deferential: respectful; to yield to judgement
delineate: to trace the outline of; sketch or trace in outline
DEM
PEOPLE

democracy: government by the people
epidemic: affecting at the same time a large number of people, and spreading from person to person
endemic: peculiar to a particular people or locality
pandemic: general, universal
demographics: vital and social statistics of populations
DI/DIA
APART, THROUGH

dialogue: conversation between two or more persons
diagnose: to determine the identity of something from the symptoms
dilate: to make wider or larger; to cause to expand
dilatory: inclined to delay or procrastinate
dichotomy: division into two parts, kinds, etcetera
DIC/DICT/DIT
TO SAY; TO TELL; TO USE WORDS

dictionary: a book containing a selection of the words of a language
predict: to tell in advance
verdict: judgment, decree
interdict: to forbid; prohibit
DIGN
WORTH

dignity: nobility or elevation of character; worthiness
dignitary: a person who holds a high rank or office
deign: to think fit or in accordance with one's dignity
condign: well deserved; fitting; adequate
disdain: to look upon or treat with contempt
DIS/DIF
AWAY FROM, APART, REVERSAL, NOT

disperse: to drive or send off in various directions
disseminate: to scatter or spread widely; promulgate
dissapate: to scatter wastefully
dissuade: to deter by advice or persuasion
diffuse: to pour out and spread, as in a fluid
DOG/DOX
OPINION

orthodox: sound or correct in opinion or doctrine
paradox: an opinion or statement contrary to accepted opinion
dogma: a system of tenets, as of a church
DOL
SUFFER, PAIN

condolence: expression of sympathy with one who is suffering
indolence: a state of being lazy or slothful
doleful: sorrowful, mournful
dolorous: full of pain or sorrow, grievous
DON/DOT/DOW
TO GIVE

donate: to present as a gift or contribution
pardon: kind indulgence, forgiveness
antidote: something that prevents or conteracts ill effects
anecdote: a short narrative about an interesting event
endow: to provide with a permanent frund
DUB
DOUBT

dubious: doubtful
dubiety: doubtfulness
indubitable: unquestionable
DUC/DUCT
TO LEAD

abduct: to carry off or lead away
conduct: personal behavior, way of actig
conducive: contributive, helpful
induce: to lead or move by influence
induct: to install in a position with formal ceremonies
produce: to bring into existence; give cause to
DUR
HARD

endure: to hold out against; to sustain without yielding
durable: able to resist decay
duress: compulsion by threat, coercion
dour: sullen, gloomy
duraton: the length of time something exists
DYS
FAULTY, ABNORMAL

dystrophy: faulty or inadequate nutrition or development
dyspepsia: impaired digestion
dyslexia: an impairment of the ability to read due to a brain defect
dysfunctional: poorly functioning
E/EF/EX
OUT, OUT OF, FROM, FORMER, COMPLETELY

evade: to escape from
exclude: to shut out; to leave out
extricate: to disentangle, release
exonerate: to free or declare free from blame
expire: to come to an end, cease to be valid
efface: to rub or wipe out; surpass, eclipse
EPI
UPON

epidemic: affecting at the same tie a large number of people, and spreading from person to person
epilogue: a concluding part added to a literary work
epidermis: the outer layer of the skin
epigram: a witty or pointed saying tersely express
epithet: a word or phrase, used invectively as a term of abuse
EQU
EQUAL, EVEN

equation:the act of making equal
adequate: equal to the requirement or occasion
equidistant: equally distant
iniquity: gross injustice; wickedness
ERR
TO WANDER

err: to go astray in thought or belief, to be mistaken
error: a deviation from accuracy or correctness
erratic: deviating from the proper or usual course in conduct
arrant: downright, thorough, notorious
ESCE
BECOMING

adolescent: between childhood and adulthood
obsolescent: becoming obsolete
incandescent: glowing with heat, shining
reminiscent: reminding or suggestive of
EU
GOOD, WELL

euphemism: pleasant-sounding term for something unpleasant
eulogy: speech or writing in praise or commendation
eugenics: improvement of qualities of race by control of inherited characteristics
euthanasia: killing person painlessly, usually one who has an incurable, painful disease
euphony: pleasantness of sound
EXTRA
OUTSIDE, BEYOND

extraordinary: beyond the ordinary
extract: to take out, obtain against person's will
extradite: to hand over (person accused of a crime) to state where crime was committed
extrasensory: derived by means other than known senses
extrapolate: to estimate(unknown facts or values) from known data
FAB/FAM
SPEAK

fable: fictional tale, esp. lengendary
affable: friendly, courteous
ineffable: to great for description in words; that which must not be uttered
famous: well known, celebrated
defame: attack good name of
FAC/FIC/FIG/FAIT/FEIT/FY
TO DO; TO MAKE

factory: building for manufacture of goods
faction: small dissenting group within larger one, esp. in politics
deficient: incomplete or insufficient
prolific: producing many offspring or much output
configuration: manner of arrangement, shape
ratify: to confirm or accept by formal consent
effigy: sculpture or model of a person
counterfeit: imitation, forgery
FER
TO BRING; TO CARRY; TO BEAR

offer: to present for acceptance, refusal, or consideration
confer: to grant, bestow
referendum: to vote on political question open to the entire electorate
proffer: to offer
proliferate: to reproduce; produce rapidly
FERV
TO BOIL; TO BUBBLE

fervor: passion, zeal
fervid: ardent, intense
effervescent: with the quality of giving off bubbles of gas
FID
FAITH, TRUST

confide: to entrust with a secret
affidavit: written statement on oath
fidelity: faithfulness, loyalty
fiduciary: of a trust; held or given in trust
infidel: disbeliever in the supposed true religion
FIN
END

final: at the end; coming last
confine: to keep or restrict within certain limits; imprison
definitive: decisive, unconditional, final
infinite: boundless; endless
infinitesimal; infinitely or very small
FLAG/FLAM
TO BURN

flammable: easily set on fire
flambeau: a lighted torch
flagrant: blatant, scandalous
conflagration: large destructive fire
FLECT/FLEX
TO BEND

deflect: to bend or turn aside from a purpose
flexible: able to bend without breaking
inflect: to change or vary pitch
reflect: to throw back
genuflect: to bend knee, esp. in worship
FLU/FLUX
TO FLOW

fluid: substance, esp. gas or liquid, capable of flowing freely
fluctuation: someting that varies, rising and falling
effluence: flowing out of (light, electricity, etc.)
confluence: merging into one
mellifluous: pleasing, musical
FORE
BEFORE

foresight: care of provision for future
foreshadow: be warning or indication of (future event)
forestall: to prevent by advance action
forthright: straightforward, outspoken, decisive
FORT
CHANCE

fortune: chance or luck in human affairs
fortunate: lucky, auspicious
fortuitous: happening by luck
FORT
STRENGTH

fortify: to provide with fortifications; strengthen fortissimo: very loud
forte: strong point; something a person does well
FRA/FRAC/FRAG/FRING
TO BREAK

fracture: breakage, esp. of a bone
fragment: a part broken off
fractious: irritable, peevish
refractory: stubborn, unmanageable, rebelious
infringe: to break or violate (law, etcetera)
FUS
TO POUR

profuse: lavish, extravagant, copious
fusillade: continuous discharge of firearms or outburst of criticism
suffuse: to spread throughout or over from within
diffuse: to spread widely or thinly
infusion: infusing; liquid extract so obtained
GEN
BIRTH, CREATION, RACE, KIND

generous: giving or given freely
genetics: study of heredity and variation among animals and plants
gender: classification roughly corresponding to the two sexes and sexlessness
carcinogenic: producing cancer
congenital: existing or as such from birth
progeny: offspring, descendants
miscengenation: interbreeding of races