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96 Cards in this Set

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GN/GNO
KNOW

agnostic: person who believes that existence of God is not provable
ignore: to refuse to take notice of
ignoramus: a person lacking knowledge, uninformed
recognize: to identify as already known
incognito: with one's name or identity concealed
prognosis: to forecast, especially disease
diagnose: to make an identification of disease or fault from symptoms
GRAD/GRESS
TO STEP

progress: forward movement
aggressive: given to hostile act or feeling
degrade: to humiliate, dishonor, reduce to a lower rank
digress: to depart from main subject
egress: going out; way out
regress: to move backward, revert to an earlier state
GRAT
PLEASING

grateful: thankful
ingratiate: to bring oneself into favor
gratuity: money given for good service
gracious: kindly, esp. to inferiors; merciful
HER/HES
TO STICK

coherent: logically consistent; having waves in phase and of one wavelength
adhesive: tending to remain in memory; sticky; and adhesive substance
inherent: invovled in the constitution or essential character of something
adherent: able to adhere; believer or advocate of a particular thing
heredity: the qualities genetically derived from one's ancestors and the transmission of those qualities
(H)ETERO:
DIFFERENT

heterosexual: of or pertaining to sexual orientation toward members of the opposite sex; relating to different sexes
heterogenous: of other origin: not originating in the body
heterodox: different from acknowledged standard; holding unorthodox opinions or doctrines
(H)OM
SAME

homogenous: of the same or a similar kind of nature; of uniform structure of composition throughout
homonym: one of two or more words spelled and pronounced alike but different in meaning
homosexual: of, relating to, or exhibiting sexual desire toward a member of one's own sex
anomaly: deviation from the common rule
homeostatis: a relatively stable state of equilibrium
HYPO
UNDER, BENEATH, LESS THAN

hypodermic: relating to the parts beneath the skin
hypochondriac: one affected by extreme depresion of mind or spirits often centered on imaginary physical ailments
hypocritical: affecting virtues or qualities one does not have
hypothesis: assumption subject to proof
IDIO
ONE'S OWN

idiot: an utterly stupid person
idiom: a language, dialect, or style of speaking particular to all people
idiosyncrasy: peculiarity of temperment; eccentricity
IM/IN/EM/EN
IN, INTO

embrace: to clasp in the arms; to include or contain
enclose: to close in on all sides
intrinsic: belonging to a thing by its very nature
influx: the act of flowing in; inflow
implicit: not expressly stated; implied
incarnate: given a bodily, esp. a human, form
indigenous: native, innate, natural
IM/IN
NOT, WITHOUT

inactive: not active
innocuous: not harmful or injurious
indolence: showing a disposition to avoid exertion; slothful
impartial: not partial or biased; just
indigent: deficient in what is requisite
INTER
BETWEEN, AMONG

interstate: connecting or jointly involving states
interim: a temporary or provisional arrangement; meantime
interloper: one who intrudes in the domain of others
intermittent: stopping or ceasing for a time
intersperse: to scatter here and there
JECT
TO THROW; TO THROW DOWN

inject: to place (quality, etc.) where needed in something
dejected: sad, depressed
eject: to throw out, expel
conjecture: formation of opinion on incomplete formation
abject: utterly hopeless, humiliating, or wretched
JOIN/JUNCT
TO MEET; TO JOIN

junction: the act of joining; combining
adjoin: to be next to and joined with
subjugate: to conquer
rejoinder: to reply, retort
junta: (usually military) clique taking power after a coup d'etat
JUR
TO SWEAR

perjury: willful lying while on oath
abjure: to renouce on oath
adjure: to beg or command
LAV/LUT/LUV
TO WASH

lavatory: a room with equipment for washing hands and face
dilute: to make thinner or weaker by the addition of water
pollute: to make foul or unclean
deluge: a great flood of water
antediluvian: before the biblical flood; extremely old
ablution: act of cleansing
LECT/LEG
TO SELECT, TO CHOOSE

collect: to gather together or assemble
elect: to choose; to decide
select: to choose with care
ecletic: selecting ideas, etcetera from various sources
predilection: preference, liking
LEV
LIFT, LIGHT, RISE

relieve: to mitigate; to free from a burden
alleviate: to make easier to endure, lessen
relevant: bearing on or pertinent to information at hand
levee: embankment against river flooding
levitate: to rise in the air or cause to rise
levity: humore, frivolity, gaiety
LOC/LOG/LOQU
WORD, SPEECH

dialogue: conversation, esp. in a literary work
elocution: art of clear and expressive speaking
prologue: introduction to poem, play, etc.
eulogy: speech or writing in praise of someone
grandiloquent:pompus or inflated in language
loquacious: talkative
LUD/LUS
TO PLAY

allude: to refer casually or indirectly
illusion: something that deceives by producing a false impression of reality
ludicrous: ridiculous, laughable
delude: to mislead the mind or judgement of, decieve
elude: to avoid capture or escape defection by
prelude: a preliminary to an action, even, etc.
MAG/MAJ/MAX
BIG

magnify: to increase the apparent size of
magnitude: greatness of size, extent, or dimensions
maximum: the highest amount, value, or degree attained
magnate: a powerful or influential person
magnanimous: generous in forgiving an insult or injury
maxim: an expression of general truth or principle
MAL/MALE
BAD, ILL, EVIL, WRONG

malfunction: failure to function properly
malicious: full of or showing malice
malign: to speak harmful untruths about, to slander
malady: a disorder or disease of the body
maladroit: clumsy, tactless
malapropism: humorous misuse of a word
malfeasance: misconduct or wrongdoing often committed by a public official
malediction: a curse
MAN
HAND

manual: operated by hand
manufacture: to make by hand or machinery
emancipate: to free from bondage
manifest: readily perceived by the eye or the understanding
mandate: an authoritative order or command
MIN
SMALL

minute: a unit of time equal to one-sixtieth of an hour, or sixty seconds
minutiae: small or trivial details
minature: a copy or model that represents something in greatly reduced size
diminish: to lessen
diminution: the act or process of diminishing
MIN
TO PROJECT, TO HANG OVER

eminent: towering above others; projecting
imminent: about to occur; impending
prominent: projecting outward
preeminent: superior to or notable above all others
minatory: menacing, threatening
MIS/MIT
TO SEND

transmit: to send from one person, thing, or place to another
emissary: a messenger or agent sent to represent the interests of another
intermittent: stopping and starting at intervals
remit: to send money
remission: a lessening of intensity or degree
MISC
MIXED

miscellaneous: made up of a variety of parts or ingredients
miscegenation: the interbreeding of races, exp. marriage between white and nonwhite persons
promiscuous: consisting of diverse and unrelated parts or individuals
MON/MONIT
TO REMIND; TO WARN

monument: a structure, such as a building, tower, or sculpture, erected as a memorial
monitor: one that admonishes, cautions, or reminds
admonish: to counsel against something; caution
remonstrate: to say or plead in protect, objection, or reproof
premonition: forewarning, presentiment
MORPH
SHAPE

amorphous: without definite form; lacking a specific shape
metamorphosis: a transformation, as by magic or sorcery
anthropomorphism: attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena
MORT
DEATH

immortal: not subject to death
morbid: susceptible to preoccupation with unwholesome matters
moribund: dying, decaying
MUT
CHANGE

commute: to substitute: exchange; interchange
mutation: the process of being changed
transmutation: the act of changing from one form into another
permutation: a complete change; transformation
immutable: unchangeable, invariable
NAT/NAS/NAI
TO BE BORN

natural: present due to nature, not to artificial or manmande means
native: belonging to one by nature; inborn; innate
naive: lacking worldliness and sophistication; artless
cognate: related by blood; having a common ancestor
renaissance: rebirth, esp. referring to culture
nascent: starting to develop
NIC/NOC/NOX
HARM

innocent: uncorrupted by evil, malice, or wrongdoing
noxious: injurious or harmful to health or morals
obnoxious: highly disagreeable or offensive
innocuous: having no adverse effect; harmless
NOM
RULE, ORDER

astronomy: the scientific study of the universe beyond the earth
economy: the careful or thrifty use of resources, as of income, materials, or labor
gastronomy: the art or science of good eating
taxonomy: the science, laws, or principles of classification
autonomy: independence, self-governance
NOM/NYM/NOUN/NOWN
NAME

synonym: a word having a meaning similar to that of another word of the same language
anonymous: having an unknown or unacknowledged name
nominal: existing in name only; negligible
nominate: to propose by name as a candidate
nomenclature: a system of names; systematic naming
acronym: a word formed from the initial letters of a name
NOUNC/NUNC
TO ANNOUNCE

announce: to proclaim
pronounce: to articulate
renounce: to give up, especially by formal announcement
NOV/NEO/NOU
NEW

novice: a person new to any field or activity
renovate: to restore to an earlier condition
innovate: to begin or introduce something new
neologism: a newly coined word, phrase, or expression
neophyte: a recent convert
nouveau riche: one who has lately become rich
OB/OC/OF/OP
TOWARD, TO, AGAINST, OVER

obese: extremely fat, corpulent
obstinate: stubbornly adhering to an idea, inflexible
obstruct: to block or fill will obstacles
oblique: having a slanting or sloping direction
obstreperous: noisily defiant, unruly
obtuse: not sharp, pointed, or acute in any form
obfuscate: to render indistinct or dim; darken
obsequious: overly submissive
OMNI
ALL

omnibus: an anthology of the works of one author or of writings on related subjects
omnipresent: everywhere at one time
omnipotent: all powerful
omniscient: having infinite knowledge
PAC/PEAC
PEACE

appease: to bring peace to
pacify: to ease the anger or agitation of
pacifier: something or someone that eases the anger or agitation of
pact: a formal agreement, as between nations
PAN
ALL, EVERYONE

panorama: an unobstructed and wide view of an extensive area
panegyric: formal or elaborate praise at an assembly
panopoly: a wide-ranging and impressive array or display
pantheon: a public building containing tombs or memorials of the illustrious dead of a nation
pandemic: widespread, general, universal
PAR
EQUAL

par: an equality in value or standing
parity: equally, as in amount, status, or character
apartheid: any system or caste that separates people according to race, etc.
disparage: to belittle, speak disrespectfully about about
disparate: essentially different
PARA
NEXT TO, BESIDE

parallel: extending in the same direction
parasite: an organism that lives on or within a plant or animal of another species, from which it obtains nutrients
parody: to imitate for purposes of satire
parable: a short, allegorical story designed to illustrate a moral lesson or religious principle
paragon: a model of excellence
paranoid: suffering from a baseless distrust of others
PAS/PAT/PATH
FEELING, SUFFERING, DISEASE

sympathy: harmony or agreement in feeling
empathy: the identification with the feelings or thoughts of others
compassion: a feeling of deep sympathy for someone struck by misfortune, accompanied by a desire to alleviate suffering
dispassionate: devoid of personal feeling or bias
impassive: showing or feeling no emotion
sociopath: a person whose behavior is antisocial and who lacks a sense of moral responsibility
pathogenic: causing disease
PAU/PO/POV/PU:
FEW, LITTLE, POOR

poverty: the condition of being poor
paucity: smallness of quantity; scarcity; scantiness
pauper: a person without any personal means of support
impoverish: to deplete
pusillanimous: lacking courage or resolution
puerile: childish, immature
PED
CHILD, EDUCATION

pedagogue: a teacher
pediatrician: a doctor who primarily had children as patients
pedant: one who displays learning ostentatiously
encyclopedia: book or set of books containing articles on various topics, covering all branches of knowledge or one particular subject
PED/POD
FOOT

pedal: a foot-operated lever or part used to control
pedestrian: a person who travels on foot
expedite: to speed up the progress of
impede: to retard progress by means of obstacles or hindrances
podium: a small platform for an orchestra conductro, speaker, etc.
antipodes: places diametrically opposite each other on the globe
PEND/PENS
TO HANG; TO WEIGHT; TO PAY

depend: to rely; to place trust in
stipend: a periodic payment; fixed or regular pay
compensate: to counterbalance, offset
indispensable: absolutely necessary, essential, or requisite
appendix: supplementary marterial at the end of a text
appendage: a limb or other subsidary part that diverges from the central structure
PER
COMPLETELY

persistent: lasting or enduring tenaciously
perforate: to make a way through or into something
perplex: to cause to be puzzled or bewildered over what is not understood
peruse: to read with thoroughness or care
perfunctory: performed merely as routine duty
pertinacious: resolute
perspicacious: shrewd, astute
PERI
AROUND

perimeter: the border or outer boundary of a two dimensional figure
periscope: an optical instrument for seeing objects in an obstructed field of vision
peripatetic: walking or traveling about; itinerant
PET/PIT
TO GO; TO SEEK; TO STRIVE

appetite: a desire for food or drink
compete: to strive to outdo another for acknowledgement
petition: a formally drawn request soliciting some benefit
centripetal: moving toward the center
impetuous: characterized by sudden or rash action or emotion
petulant: showing sudden irritation, esp. over some annoyance
PHIL
LOVE

philosophy: the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct
philatelist: one who loves or collects postage stamps
philology: the study of literary texts to establish their authenticity and determine their meaning
bibliophile: one who loves or collects books
PLAC
TO PLEASE

placid: pleasantly calm or peaceful
placebo: a substance with no pharmacological effect which acts to placate a patient who believes it to be a medicine
implacable: unable to be pleased
complacent: self-satisfied, unconcerned
complaisant: inclined or disposed to please
PLE
TO FILL

complete: having all parts or elements
deplete: to decrease seriously or exhaust the supply of
supplement: something added to supply a deficiency
implement: an instrument, tool, or utensil for accomplishing work
replete: abundantly supplied
plethora: excess, overabundance
PLEX/PLIC/PLY
TO FOLD, TWIST, TANGLE, OR BEND

complex: composed of many interconnected parts
replica: any close copy or reproduction
implicit: not expressly stated, implied
implicate: to show to be involved, usually in an incriminating manner
duplicity: deceitfulness in speech or conduct, double-dealing
supplicate: to make humble and earnest entreaty
PON/POS/POUND
TO PUT; TO PLACE

component: a constituent part, elemental ingredient
expose: to lay open to danger, attack, or harm
expound: to set forth in detail
juxtapose: to place close together or side by side, esp. for contract
repository: a receptacle or place where things are deposited
PORT
TO CARRY

import: to bring in from a foreign country
export: to transmit abroad
portable: easily carried
deportment: conduct, behavior
disport: to divert or amuse oneself
importune: to urge or press with excessive persistence
PRE
BEFORE

precarious: dependent on circumstances beyond one's control
precocious: unusually advanced or mature in mental development or talent
premonition: a feeling of anticipation over a future event
presentiment: foreboding
precedent: an act that serves as an example for subsequent situations
precept: a commandment given as a rule of action or conduct
PREHEND/PRISE
TO TAKE; TO GET; TO SEIZE

surprise: to strike with an unexpected feeling of wonder or astonishment
enterprise: a project undertake
reprehensible: deserving rebuke or censure
comprise: to include or contain
reprisals: retaliation against an enemy
apprehend: to take into custody
PRO
MUCH, FOR, A LOT

prolific: highly fruitful
profuse: spending or giving freely
prodigal: wastefully or recklessly extravagant
prodigious: extraordinary in size, amount, or extent
proselytize: to convert or attempt to recruit
propound: to set forth for consideration
provident: having or showing foresight
PUG
TO FIGHT

pugnacious: to quarrel or fight readily
impugn: to challenge as false
repugnant: objectionable or offensive
pugilist: a fighter or a boxer
PUNC/PUNG/POIGN
TO POINT; TO PRICK

point: a sharp or tapering end
puncture: the act of piercing
pungent: caustic or sharply expressive
compunction: a feeling of uneasiness for doing wrong
punctilious: strict or exact in the observance of formalities
expunge: to erase, eliminate completely
QUE/QUIS
TO SEEK

acquire: to come into possession of
exquisite: of special beauty or charm
conquest: vanquishment
inquisitive: given to research, eager for knowledge
query: a question, inquiry
querulous:full of complaints
perquisite: a gratuity, tip
QUI
QUIET

quiet: making little or no sound
disquiet: lack of calm or peace
tranquil: free from commotion or tumult
acquiesce: to comply, give in
quiescence: the condition of being at rest, still, inactive
RID/RIS
TO LAUGH

riddle: a conundrum
derision: the act of mockery
risible: causing laughter
ROG
TO ASK

interrogate: to ask questions of, esp. formally
arrogant: making claims to superior importance or rights
abrogate: to abolish by formal means
surrogate: a person apppointed to act for another
derogatory: belittling, disparaging
arrogate: to claim unwarrantably or presumptuously
SACR/SANCT/SECR
SACRED

sacred: devoted or dedicated to a deity or religous purpose
sacrifice: the offering of some living or inanimate thing to a deity in homage
sanctify: to make holy
sanction: authoritative permission or approval
execrable: abominable
sacrament: something regarded as possessing sacred character
sacrilege: the violation of anything sacred
SAL/SIL/SAULT/SULT
TO LEAP, TO JUMP

insult: to treat with contemptuous rudeness
assault: a sudden or violent attack
somersault: to roll the body end over end, making a complete revolution
salient: prominent or conspicuous
resilient: able to spring back to an original form after compression
insolent: boldly rude or disrespectful
exult: to show or feel triumphant joy
desultory: at random, unmethodical
SCI
TO KNOW

conscious: aware of ones's own existence
conscience: the inner sense of what is right or wrong impelling one toward right action
unconscionable: unscrupulous
onmiscient: knowing everything
prescient: having knowledge of things before they happen
SCRIBE/SCRIP
TO WRITE

scribble: to write hastily or carelessly
describe: to tell or depict in words
script: handwriting
postscript: any addition or supplement
proscribe: to condemn as harmful or odious
ascribe: to credit or assing, as to a cause or course
conscription: draft
transcript: a written or typed copy
circumscribe: to draw a line around
SE
APART

select: to choose in preference to another
separate: to keep apart, divide
seduce: to lead astray
segregate: to separate or set apart from others
secede: to withdraw formally from an association
sequester: to remove or withdraw into solitude or retirement
sedition: incitement of discontent or rebellion against a government
SEC/SEQU
TO FOLLOW

second: next after the first
prosecute: to seek to enforce by legal process
sequence: the following of one thing after another
obsequious: fawning
non sequitur: an inference or a conclusion that does not follow from the premises
SED/SESS/SID
TO SIT; TO BE STILL; TO PLAN; TO PLOT

preside: to exercise management or control
resident: a person who lives in a place
sediment: the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid
dissident: diagreeing, as in opinion or attitude
residual: remaining, leftover
subsidiary: serving to assist or supplement
insidious: intended to entrap or beguile
assiduous: diligent, persistent, hardworking
SENS/SENT
TO FEEL; TO BE AWARE

sense: any of the faculties by which humans and animals perceive stimuli originating outside the body
sensory: of or pertaining to the senses or sensation
sentiment: an attitude or feeling toward something
presentiment: a feeling that something is about to happen
dissent: to differ in opinion, esp. from the majority
resent: to feel or show displeasure
sentinel: a person or thing that stands watch
insensate: without feeling or sensitivity
SOL
TO LOOSEN; TO FREE

dissolve: to make a solution of, as by mixing in a liquid
soluble: capable of being dissolved or liquefied
resolution: a formal expression of opinion or intention made
dissolution: the act or process of disolving into parts or elements
dissolute: indifferent to moral restraints
absolution: forgiveness for wrongdoing
SPEC/SPIC/SPIT
TO LOOK; TO SEE

perspective: one's mental view of facts, ideas, and their interrelationships
speculation: the contemplation or consideration of some subject
suspicious: inclined to suspect
spectrum: a broad range of related things that form a continuous series
retrospective: contemplative of past situations
circumspect: watchful and discreet, cautious
perspicacious: having keen mental perception and understanding
conspicuous: easily seen or noticed; readily observable
specious: deceptively attractive
STA/STI
TO STAND; TO BE IN PLACE

static: of bodies or forces at rest or in equilibrium
destitute: without means of subsistence
obstinate: subbornly adhering to a purpose, opinion, or course of action
constitute: to make up
stasis: the state of equilibrium or inactivity caused by opposing equal forces
apostasy: renunciation of an object of one's previous loyalty
SUA
SMOOTH

suave: smoothly agreeable or polite
persuade: to encourage; to convince
dissuade: to deter
assuage: to make less severe, ease, relieve
SUB/SUP
BELOW

submissive: inclined or ready to submit
subsidiary: serving to assist or supplement
subliminal: existing or operating below the threshold of confidence
subtle: thin, tenacious, or rarefied
subterfuge: an artifice or expedient used to evade a rule
supposition: the act of assuming
SUPER/SUR
ABOVE

surpass: to go beyond in amount, extent, or degree
superlative: the highest kind of order
supersede: to replace in power, as by another person or thing
supercilious: arrogant, haughty, condescending
superfluous: extra, more than necessary
surmount: to get over or across, to prevail
surveillance: a watch kept over someone or something
TAC/TIC
TO BE SILENT

reticent: disposed to be silent or not to speak freely
tacit: unspoken understanding
taciturn: uncommunicative
TAIN/TEN/TENT/TIN
TO HOLD

detain: to keep from proceeding
pertain: to have reference or relation
tenacious: holding fast
abstention: the act of refraining voluntarily
tenure: the holding or possessing of anything
tenable: capable of being held, maintained, or defended
sustenance: nourishment, means of livelihood
pertinacious: persistent, stubborn
TEND/TENS/TENT/TENU
TO STRETCH; TO THIN

tension: the act of stretching or straining
tentative: of the nature of, or done as a trial, attempt
tendentious: having a predisposition towards a point of view
distend: to expand by stretching
attenuate: to weaken or reduce in force
extenuating: making less serious by offering excuses
contentious: quarrelsome, disagreeable, belligerent
THEO
GOD

atheist: one who does not believe in a deity or divine system
theocracy: a from of government in which a deity is recognized as the supreme ruler
theology: the study of diving things and the divine faith
apotheosis: glorification, glorified ideal
TRACT
TO DRAG; TO PULL; TO DRAW

tractor: a powerful vehicle used to pull farm machinery
attract: to draw either py physical force or by an appeal to emotions or senses
contract: a legally binding document
detract: to take away from, esp. a positive thing
abstract: to draw or pull away, remove
tractable: easily managed or controlled
protract: to prolong, draw out, extend
TRANS
ACROSS

transaction: the act of carrying on or conduct to a conclusion or settlement
transparent: easily seen through, recognized, or detected
transition: a change from one way of being to another
transgress: to violate a law, command, or moral code
transcendent: going beyond ordinary limits
intransigent: refusing to agree or comprimise
US/UT
TO USE

abuse: to use wrongly or improperly
usage: a customary way of doing something
usurp: to seize and hold
utilitarian: efficient, functional, useful
VEN/VENT
TO COME OR TO MOVE TOWARD

convene: to assemble for some public purpose
venturesome: showing a disposition to undertake risks
intervene: to come between disputing factions, mediate
contravene: to come into conflict with
adventitious: accidental
VER
TRUTH

verdict: any judgement or decision
veracious: habitually truthful
verity: truthfulness
verisimilitude: the appearance or semblance of truth
aver: to affirm, to declare to be true
VERD
GREEN

verdant: green with vegetation
verdure: fresh, rich vegetation
VERS/VERT
TO TURN

controversy: a public dispute involving a matter of opinion
revert: to return to a former habit
diverse: of a different kind, form, character
aversion: dislike
introvert: a person concerned primarily with inner thoughts and feelings
extrovert: an outgoing person
inadvertent: unintentional
covert: hidden, clandestine
avert: to turn away from
VI
LIFE

vivid: strikingly bright or intense
vicaroius: performed, exercised, received, or suffered in place of another
viable: capable of living
vivacity: the quality of being lively, animated, spirited
joie de vivre: joy of life (French expression)
convivial: sociable
VID/VIS
TO SEE

evident: plain or clear to the sight or understanding
video: the elements of television pertaining to the transmission or reception of the image
adviser: one who gives counsel
survey: to view in a general or comprehensive way
vista: a view or prospect
VIL
BASE, MEAN

vilify: to slander, to defame
revile: to criticize with harsh language
vile: loathsome, unpleasant
VOC/VOK
TO CALL

vocabulary: the stock of words used by or known to a particular person or group
advocate: to support or urge by argument
equivocate: to sue ambiguous or unclear expressions
vocation: a particular occupation
avocation: something one does in addition to a principle occupation
vociferous: cyring out noisily
convoke: to call together
invoke: to call on a deity
VOL
TO WISH

voluntary: undertaken of one's own accord or by free choice
malevolent: characterized by or expressing bad will
benevolent: characterized by or expressing goodwill
volition: free choice, free will; act of choosing
VOR
TO EAT

voracious: having a great appetite
carnivorous: meat-eating
omnivorous: eating or absorbing everything