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28 Cards in this Set

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European Renaissance
European awareness for Asia grew; desire for an all-water route to the Far East led to the Age of Exploration
Prince Henry the Navigator
son of Portugese rulers; established a school for navigation and geography in 1416; financed expeditions and encouraged exploration
Ferdinand and Isabelle
ascended to the Spanish throne in the late 15th century; established political stability and encouraged exploration
Treaty of Tordesillas
1494: an agreement between Portugal and Spain concerning the division of the New World
Black Legend
conquistadors tortured Native Americans, stole gold, and spread smallpox
encomienda
the Spanish had the right to explot the Native Americans for labor; attempt to convert Natives to Christians
Pope's Rebellion
1680: Pueblo Indians attempted to end the Spanish-Christian influence
mestizo
mixed Spanish and Native American
St. Augustine
1565: Spanish settled in current-day Florida; first European settlement in current-day United States
Elizabeth I
1588: became Queen of England; entered the Age of Exploration late
Bartholomeu Diaz
explored for Portugal, 1488: southern tip of Africa
Vasco da Gama
explored for Portugal, 1498: reached India around Africa
Vasco Balboa
explored for Spain, 1513: discovered the Pacific Ocean and claimed all lands that touched it for Spain
Juan Ponce de Leon
explored for Spain, 1513: Florida in search of the Fountain of Youth
Ferdinand Magellan
explored for Spain, 1519: first to circumnavigate the globe, killed in the Phillipines
Hernan Cortes
explored for Spain, 1521: conquered the Aztecs in Mexico
Francisco Pizarro
explored for Spain, 1532: conquered the Incas in Peru
Hernando de Soto
explored for Spain, 1539: discovered the Mississippi River
Francesco Coronado
explored for Spain, 1540: Arizona, New Mexico, Grand Canyon of the Colorado River
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo
explored for Spain, 1542: California coast
Don Juan de Onate
explored for Spain, 1598: northern Mexico and the Rio Grande Valley
John Cabot
explored for England, 1497: north eastern coast of North America
Giovanni de Verrazano
explored for France, 1524: eastern part of present-day United States
Jacques Cartier
explored for France, 1534: St. Lawrence River
Robert de La Salle
explored for France, 1680: traveled down the Mississippi
Name agriculture practices that led to more slaves.
sugar plantations of Brazil; development of rice, indigo, and cotton in British North America
capitalism
free economy
mercantilism
export > import; purpose is to serve the mother country