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598 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Allay
to put (fear, doubt, suspicion, anger, etc.) to rest calm quiet.
Obfuscation
to confuse, bewilder, or stupefy
Odious
deserving or causing hatred; hateful; detestable
Dyspeptic
gloomy, pessimistic, and irritable
Expurgate
to amend by removing words, passages, etc., deemed offensive or objectionable
Infraction
breach; violation; infringement
Penance
a punishment undergone in token of penitence for sin
Modality
an attribute or circumstance that denotes mode or manner
Ineluctable
incapable of being evaded; inescapable:
Intransigent
refusing to agree or compromise; uncompromising; inflexible
Disavow
to disclaim knowledge of, connection with, or responsibility for; disown; repudiate
Obsequious
characterized by or showing servile complaisance or deference; fawning
Blanch
to whiten by removing color; bleach
Fecundity
fruitfulness or fertility, as of the earth.
Ordain
to enact or establish by law, edict, to decree; give orders for:
Restive
impatient of control, restraint, or delay, as persons; restless; uneasy.
Syncopated
cut short
Vituperative
Using, containing, or marked by harshly abusive censure. Verbally abusive
Saturnine
sluggish in temperament; gloomy; taciturn.
Ebullient
overflowing with fervor, enthusiasm, or excitement; high-spirited:
Belied
To picture falsely; misrepresent: To show to be false
Anathematize
to pronounce an anathema against; denounce; curse.
Contrition
sincere penitence or remorse.
Prognostication
a forecast or prediction.
Relic
a surviving memorial of something past.
Obstreperous
resisting control or restraint in a difficult manner; unruly.
Moribund
in a dying state; near death.
Admonish
to caution, advise, or counsel against something.
Beseech
to implore urgently
Mawkish
characterized by sickly sentimentality; weakly emotional; maudlin.
Temerity
reckless boldness; rashness.
Jejune
without interest or significance; dull; insipid
Vitiate
to impair the quality of; make faulty; spoil.
Impunity
exemption from punishment.
Exacting
rigid or severe in demands or requirements:
Quixotic
impulsive and often rashly unpredictable.extravagantly chivalrous or romantic; visionary, impractical, or impracticable
Commensurate
having the same measure; of equal extent or duration.
Pejorative
having a disparaging, derogatory, or belittling effect or force
Malediction
curse
Platitude
a flat, dull, or trite remark, esp. one uttered as if it were fresh or profound.
Portentous
ominously significant or indicative, marvelous; amazing; prodigious
Syllogism
an extremely subtle, sophisticated, or deceptive argument
Rapt
deeply engrossed or absorbed
Parry
to ward off (a thrust, stroke, weapon, etc.), as in fencing; avert
Pirouette
a whirling about on one foot or on the points of the toes, as in ballet dancing.
Insular
dwelling or situated on an island.
Craven
cowardly; contemptibly timid; pusillanimous
Petulant
moved to or showing sudden, impatient irritation, esp. over some trifling annoyance
Plucky
having or showing pluck or courage; brave
Sedulity
sedulous quality, application, or activity; diligence.
Perfidy
deliberate breach of faith or trust; faithlessness; treachery
Vitriol
something highly caustic or severe in effect, as criticism
Heretical
any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs, customs
Impudence
rudeness
Insolence
contemptuously rude
Ditties
a poem intended to be sung.
Poignancy
Profoundly moving; touching:
Anachronisms
something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time,
Covetous
inordinately or wrongly desirous of wealth or possessions
Diffident
lacking confidence in one's own ability, worth, or fitness; timid; sh
Exigent
requiring immediate action or aid; urgent; pressing.
Apocryphal
of doubtful authorship or authenticity.
Endemic
belonging exclusively or confined to a particular place:
Phlegmatic
not easily excited to action or display of emotion; apathetic; sluggish
Erudite
characterized by great knowledge; learned or scholarly:
Enervate
to deprive of force or strength; destroy the vigor of; weaken
Engender
to produce, cause, or give rise to
Dither
a trembling; vibration
Inure
to accustom to hardship, difficulty, pain, etc.; toughen or harden; habituate
Imprecation
a curse; malediction
Rejoinder
an answer to a reply; response.
Opprobrium
a cause or object of such disgrace or reproach
Scintilla
a minute particle; spark; trace
Umbrage
offense; annoyance; displeasure
Noisome
offensive or disgusting, as an odor.
Maudlin
tearfully or weakly emotional; foolishly sentimental:
Cupidity
eager or excessive desire, esp. to possess something; greed; avarice.
Largess
generous bestowal of gifts.
Cosset
to treat as a pet; pamper; coddle.
Lampoon
a sharp, often virulent satire directed against an individual or institution
Ossify
to convert into or cause to harden like bone.
Specious
apparently good or right though lacking real merit; superficially pleasing or plausible
Pathogenic
capable of producing disease
Diaphanous
very sheer and light; almost completely transparent or translucent.
Trenchant
incisive or keen, as language or a person; caustic; cutting
Salubrious:
favorable to or promoting health; healthful:
Sanguine
cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident
Prevaricate
to speak falsely or misleadingly; deliberately misstate or create an incorrect impression
Burnish
to make smooth and bright
Slake
to allay (thirst, desire, wrath, etc.) by satisfying.
Irascible
easily provoked to anger; very irritable:
Foment
to instigate or foster (discord, rebellion, etc.)
Aggrandize
to widen in scope; increase in size or intensity; enlarge; extend.
Voluble
characterized by a ready and continuous flow of words
Turgid
swollen; distended; tumid.
Inchoate
not yet completed or fully developed; rudimentary.
Lachrymose
suggestive of or tending to cause tears; mournful.
Perspicacious
having keen mental perception and understanding; discerning
Inimical
adverse in tendency or effect; unfavorable; harmful
Glib
readily fluent, often thoughtlessly, superficially, or insincerely so
Stolid
not easily stirred or moved mentally; unemotional; impassive.
Ignoble
of low grade or quality; inferior.
Lionize
to treat (a person) as a celebrity:
Palliate
to relieve or lessen without curing; mitigate; alleviate.
Polemic
a controversial argument, as one against some opinion, doctrine, etc
Vim
lively or energetic spirit; enthusiasm; vitality.
Invective
vehement or violent denunciation, censure, or reproach
Bawdy
indecent; lewd; obscene
Gaunt
extremely thin and bony; haggard and drawn, as from great hunger
Sentient
having the power of perception by the senses; conscious.
Panegyric
a lofty oration or writing in praise of a person or thing; eulogy.
Prolix
extended to great, unnecessary, or tedious length; long and wordy.
Recalcitrant
resisting authority or control; not obedient or compliant; refractory.
Pithy
brief, forceful, and meaningful in expression; full of vigor, substance, or meaning
morose
gloomily or sullenly ill-humored, as a person or mood
Disabuse
to free (a person) from deception or error.
Surly
unfriendly or hostile; menacingly irritable
Compulsory
required; mandatory; obligatory
abjure
to renounce or reject solemnly; to recant; to avoid
abrogate
to abolish or annul by authority; put down
abscission
act of cutting off or removing
abscond
to depart clandestinely; to steal off and hide
accretion
growth, increase by successive addition, building up
adumbrate
to foreshadow vaguely; intiimate, suggest, or outline sketchily
aggrandize
to increase in intensity, power, or prestige; to make appear greater
alacrity
eager and enthusiastic willingness
anathema
a solemn or ecclesiastical(religious) curse; accursed or thoroughly loathed person or thing
anodyne
soothing
apogee
farthest or highest point; culmination; zenith
apostate
one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions, a betrayer of a cause
apotheosis
deification, glorification to godliness, the perfect example
apposite
appropriate, pertinent, relevant, apropos
apprise
give notice to, inform
approbation
an expression of approval or praise
arrant
utter and completely "an arrant fool"
None
arrest
to suspend; to engage
artless
completely without guile; natural, without artificiality
asperity
severity, rigor; roughness, harshness; acrimony, irritability
aspersion
an act of defamation or maligning
astringent
having a tightening effect on living tissue; harsh; severe
attenuate
to rarefy, weaken or make thinner, lessen
augury
omen, portent, the reading of omens
august
majestic, venerable
auspice
protection or support, patronage
auspicious
favorable, propitious, successful, prosperous
austere
without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic
aver
to state as fact; to confirm or support
axiomatic
taken as a given; possessing self-evident truth
baleful
sinister, pernicious, ominous
beatify
to bless, make happy, or ascribe a virtue to; to regard as saintly
bedizen
to adorn, especially in a cheap, showy manner; festoon, caparison
belie
to give a false impression of, to misrepresent
bellicose
belligerent, pugnacious, warlike
bent
leaning, inclination, proclivity, tendency
blandish
to coax with flattery, toady or fawn
bombastic
pompous; grandiloquent
bucolic
rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
burgeon
to grow rapidly or flourish
burnish
to polish, rub to a shine
cadge
to sponge, beg, or mooch
cajole
to inveigle, coax, wheedle, sweet-talk
calumniate
to slander, make a false accusation
canon
an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature
caret
an insertion mark(^) used by editors and proofreaders
castigation
severe criticism or punishment
caustic
burning or stinging; causing corrosion
chary
wary; cautious; sparing
chasten
to chastise or correct; subdue
churlish
boorish, vulgar, loutish; difficult and intractable
coda
concluding section to a musical or literary piece, something that concludes or completes
cogent
appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing
complaisance
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
consequential
pompous, self-important
contemn
to scorn or despise; treat with disdain
None
contiguous
sharing a border; touching; adjacent
contrite
regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness
corrigible
capable of being set right, correctable, reparable
countenance
to approve of or tolerate
cozen
to deceive, beguile, hoodwink
craven
contemptibly fainthearted, pusillanimous, lacking any courage
decorum
politeness or appropriateness of conduct or behavior
demur
to question or oppose
denigrate
blacken, belittle, sully, defame, disparage
denouement
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
deprecate
to disparage or belittle
depredate
to plunder, pillage, ravage or destroy; to exploit in a predatory manner
desiccate
to dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull
desuetude
the state of being no longer used or practiced.
desultory
random; thoughtless; marked by a lack of plan or purpose
detraction
slandering, verbal attack, aspersion
diaphanous
transparent, gauzy
diatribe
a harsh denunciation
die
a tool used for shaping
dilatory
causing delay, procrastinating
dilettante
one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge
din
loud sustained noise
disabuse
to undeceive; to set right
discomfit
to defeat
None
dissemble
to disguise or conceal; to mislead
dissolution
disintegration, looseness in morals
distrait
distracted; absent-minded, especially due to anxiety
doggerel
다 거 뤌 1, trivial, poorly constructed verse 졸렬한 시
dross
slag(광물을 제련할 때 금속에서 분리된 찌꺼기), waste or foreign matter, impurity, surface scum
dulcet
melodious, harmonious, mellifluous
dynamo
1, generator; forceful, energetic person
ebullience
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings
edifying
enlightening, informative
effrontery
extreme boldness; presumptuousness(주제넘음)
effusive
gushing(감상적으로지껄이는); excessively demonstrative
elegy
a mournful poem, especially one lamenting the dead; any mournful writing or piece of music
emollient
soothing, especially to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying
empirical
based on observation or experiment
encomium
glowing and enthusiastic praise; panegyric(격찬), tribute(찬사), eulogy(찬미)
endemic
characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region, or people; restricted to or peculiar to that egion; indigenous
None
enervate
to weaken; to reduce vitality
ennui
안 위 1, dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy
epithet
disparaging word or phrase
equanimity
composure, self-possession
equivocate
to use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent
errant
traveling, itinerant, peripatetic(순회하는)
erudite
very learned; scholarly
eschew
이쓰 추 2, shun(피하다), avoid
essay
to test or try; attempt, experiment
estimable
worthy, formidable(만만치 않은)
evanescent
tending to disappear like vapor(증기); vanishing
evince
to show clearly, to indicate
exact
to demand, call for, require, take
excoriate
to censure scathingly(가차없이), to upbraid(신랄하게 비난하다)
exculpate
to exonerate(..의 무고함을 밝히다), to clear of blame
exemplar
typical or standard specimen(예); paradigm, model
exhort
to incite (자극하다), to make urgent appeals
exigent
urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
expatiate
to discuss or write about at length(충분히); to range freely
expiate
to atone(속죄하다) or make amends for(속죄하다)
expurgate
to remove obscenity
extant
existing, not destroyed or lost
None
extemporaneous
improvised; done without preparation
extirpate
엑쓰 털 페잍 1, to destroy, exterminate, cut out, pull out by the roots
facetious
playful; humorous; not serious
fallacy
an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief
fallow
팰 로우 1, untilled(경작하지 않은), inactive, dormant
fatuous
silly, inane(어리석은)ly foolilsh
fawn
to flatter or praise excessively
feckless
ineffectual(효과없는); irresponsible
felicitous
apt(적절한); suitably expressed, well chosen, apropos[애 프로 포우 3] 알맞은
fell
a barren(불모의) or stony hill; an animal's hide(짐승의 가죽); cut down
fervent
greatly emotional or zealous
fetid
stinking, having a heavy bad smell
etter
to shackle[족쇄를 채우다], put in chains, restrain[억제하다, 누르다]
filigree
an ornamental(장식적인) work, especially of delicate lacelike patterns; resembling such a patter
flag
to sag[나른해지다] or droop[시들시들해지다], to become spiritless, to decline
flip
sarcastic, impertinent[주제넘은]
flout
to demonstrate contempt for
forbearance
patience, willingness to wait
ford
to wade across the shallow part of a river or stream
forestall
to act in a way to hinder, exclude or prevent an action; to circumvent or thwart
forswear
to renounce((공식으로) 포기[폐기]하다; <습관 등을> 그만두다, 끊다; 선서하고 버리다[끊다]; 단념하다), isallow(허가하지 않다, 금하다; <요구 등을> 각하하다(reject)), repudiate(거절하다; <비난혐의 등을> 부인하다; <교의 을> 거부하다)
fortuitous
happening by fortunate accident or chance
fracas
프뤠이 커쓰 1, noisy fight or quarrel, brawl(싸움)
fractious
quarrelsome(싸우기 좋아하는), rebellious, unruly(제멋대로 하는), cranky(괴퍅한)
froward
intractable(고집스러운), not willing to yield or comply, stubbornly disobedient
fulminate
to attack loudly or denounce(비난하다)
gainsay
to deny, dispute(반론하다), contradict(반박하다), oppose
gambol
to skip about playfully, frolic(장난치며 놀다)
garner
to gather and save, store up, acquire
gauche
거우쉬 crude, awkward, tasteless
germane
relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
glib
marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking depth; superficial
gossamer
가 싸 멀 1, delicate, insubstantial(견고하지않은) or tenuous(빈약한); insincere
grandiloquence
그뤤 딜 로우 쿠웬쓰 2, pompous speech or expression
gregarious
sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people
grouse
to complain or grumble
guile
trickery, duplicity, cunning
guy
a rope or cord attached to something as a brace or guide
hackneyed
rendered(made) trite() or commonplace() by frequent usage
halcyon
calm and peaceful, prosperous
hallow
to set apart as holy
harangue
to deliver a loud, pompous speech or tirade
harrow
to distress(괴롭히다), create stress or tormen
hedonism
히 더 니즘 1, devotion to pleasurable pursuits, especially to the pleasures of the senses
ermetic
airtight(), impervious to outside influence
hirsute
hairy, shaggy
homily
a sermon or morally instructive lecture, a platitude(상투적 의견)
iconoclast
one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions
idolatrous
intense or excessiv devotion to something
idyll
a carefree, light-hearted pastoral or romantic episode or experience; a poem or prose composition, usually describing pastoral scenes or events or any charmingly simple episode, appealing incident, or the like
ignominous
shameful, dishonorable, ignoble, undignified, disgraceful
imbroglio
difficult or embarrassing situation
impassive
revealing no emotion or sensibility
impecunius
, lacking funds (돈); without money
imperiou
commanding, masterful(거드름피우는), arrogant, domineering(뻐기는), haughty(오만한)
imperturable
marked by extreme calm, impassivity and steadiness
impetuos
hastily or rashly energetic; impulsive and vehement
implacale
not capable of being appeased or significantly changed
importue
to ask incessantly, beg, nag(
impugn
attack or assail(공박하다) verbally, censure, execrate(맴려맇 비난하다), deny
impunit
immunity from punishment, penalty or harm
impute
to attribute(의 탓으로 하다(ascribe)) to a cause or source, ascribe, assigning as a characteristic
inchoate
in an initial stage, not fully formed
incipient
beginning to come into being or to become apparent
indolent
1, lazy, listless, torpid(둔한)
ineluctable
certain, inevitable
infelicitous
unfortunate; inappropriate
ingenuous
artless, frank and candid, lacking in sophistication
inimical
damaging, harmful, injurious(해로운), hostile, unfriendly
inimitable
2, one of a kind(unique), peerless(비할 데 없는)
iniquity
인 이 뀌 티 2, wickedness, gross(심한) injustice
innervate
to supply with nerves(활기), energize
inscrutable
incapable of being discovered or understood, mysterious
insensible
unconscious, unresponsive, unaware, unaffected, numb
insouciant
인 쑤 씨 언트 2, unconcerned, carefree, nonchalant
insular
parochial(편협한), narrow-minded, like an island
interdict
인 털 딕트 3, prohibit, forbid, ban, halt
intimate
to imply, suggest or insinuate(넌지시 비추다)
intractable
not easily managed or directed, stubborn, obstinate(완고한)
intransigent
refusing to compromise
inured
인 뉴얼드 2, accustomed to accepting something undesirable
inveigh
인 베이 2, to attack verbally, denounce(비난하다), deprecate(비난하다)
inveigle
인 베이글 2, to obtain by deception or flattery
inveterate
deep rooted, ingrained, habitual
irascible
이 뤠 써블 2, easily angered; prone to temperamental(신경질적인) outbursts(폭발, 분출)
itinerate
to travel from place to place
jejune
지 준 2, vapid(김빠진), uninteresting; childish, immature; lacking nutrition
jibe
to agree, to be in accord
jocose
조우 코우쓰 2, given to joking; humorous
labile
likely to change, unstable
None
lachrymose
레 크뤄 모우즈 1, causing tears, tearful, showing sorrow
lassitude
listlessness, languor(나른함), weariness(피곤함)
libertine
리 벌 틴 1, someone unrestrained by morality or convention or leading a dissolute(방종하는) life
limn
림 to draw, outline in detail
limpid
transparent, serene, clear and simple in style, untroubled(흐트러지지 않은)
list
to tilt or lean to one side
lumber
to move heavily and clumsily or with a rumbling(덜거덕거리는) sound
malevolent
having or showing often vicious ill will, spite, or hatred
malinger
맬 린 저 1, to feign illness so as to avoid work
maunder
먼 덜 1, to talk or move aimlessly, mutter
mendacity
the condition of being untruthful, dishonesty
mendicant
a beggar, supplicant(탄원자)
meretricious
메 뤄 트뤼 쉬어쓰 3, tawdry(번지르르한), pretentious, attractive but false, showy, having to do with prostitution
mettlesome
courageous, high-spirited
militate
to have a substantial effect; weigh heavily:
None
minatory
미 너 터 뤼 1, menacing(협박하는), threatening
mince
pronounce or speak affectedly or too carefully, euphemize, take tiny steps, tiptoe(발끝으로 걷다)
mitigate
to make or become less severe or intense, moderate
mollify
to calm or soothe, reduce in emotional intensity
morose
sad, sullen(부루퉁한), melancholy(멜 른 칼 리 1)
multifarious
varied, motley(얼룩덜룩한), greatly diversified
mundane
of the world, typical of or concerned with the ordinary
nascent
네 썬트 1, coming into being; in early developmental stages
natty
trimly neat and tidy, dapper(말쑥한)
neologism
a new word, expression, or usage; the creation or use of new words or senses
nexus
a connection, tie, or link; center or focus
nice
exact(강요하다)ing, extremely or even excessively precise; done with delicacy or skill
noisome
offensive, especially to one's sense of smell, fetid
nonplussed
baffled, in a quandary(곤경), at a loss for what to say, do or think
nostrum
a medicine sold with false or exaggerated claims and with no demonstrable value; quack medicine.
None
obstreperous
업쓰 트뤠 퍼 뤄쓰 2, noisy, loudly stubborn, boisterous
obtain
to be established, accepted, or customary, prevail
obviate
to anticipate and prevent or eliminate
None
occlude
to obstruct or block
occult
hidden, concealed, beyond comprehension
officious
meddlesome(참견이심한), pushy in offering one's services where they are unwanted
onerous
troubling, burdensome
opprobrium
어 프로우 브뤼엄 2, disgrace, contempt, scorn
ossified
changed into bone; made rigidly conventional and unreceptive to change
ostensible
seeming, appearing as such, professed(자칭의)
overweening
presumptuous(뻔뻔한)ly arrogant, overbearing(건방진), immoderate(지나친)
paean
페이언 a song or expression of praise and thanksgiving
palliate
to make something appear less serious, gloss over(그럴듯한 말로 얼버무리다), mitigate
panegyric
formal expression of praise
paradigm
something that serves as a model, example, or pattern; the framework of assumptions and understandings shared by a group or discipline that shapes its worldview
pariah
퍼 롸이 어 2, an outcast, a rejected and despised person
parry
to block, evad or ward off(피하다), as a blow
parsimonious
cheap, miserly
partisan
one-sided, committed to a party, biased or prejudiced
peccadillo
a slight offense, literally, a minor sin
pedagogy
페 더 고우 쥐 1, the art or profession of training, teaching, or instructing
pedantic
ostentatious display of learning, excessive attention to minutiae[미 뉴 시 이 2]사소한일 and formal rules, nimaginative
pedestrian
commonplace, trite[트롸잍, 흔한], unremarkable
penurious
penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
peremptory
admitting of no contradiction, putting an end to further debate, haughty(오만한), mperious(오만한)
perennial
recurrent through the year or many years, happening repeatedly
perfidy
intentional breach of faith, treachery
perfunctory
cursory, done without care or interest
peripatetic
itinerant, traveling, nomadic
pernicious
extremely harmful, potentially causing death
personable
pleasing in appearance, attractive
perspicacious
acutely perceptive, having keen dicern(분별하다)ment
peruse
to examine with great care
pervade
to permeate throughout(퍼지다)
petrous
like a rock, hard, stony
philistine
필 리 스틴 1, a crass(투박한) individual guided material rather than intellectual or artistic values
phlegmatic
calm, sluggish, unemotional, stoic
picaresque
피 커 뤠스크 3, involving clever rogues(악당) or adventurers
pied
파읻 multi-colored, usually in blotch(얼룩, 반점)es
pillory
to punish, hold up to(을 (웃음거리로) 내세우다 ((to))) public scorn
pine
to yearn intensely, to languish(쇠약해지다), to lose vigor
piquant
agreeably pungent, spicy(양념을 넣은; 향긋한), stimulating
pique
피 케이 resentment, feeling of irritation due to hurt pride
pith
the essential or central part
plaintive
mournful, melancholy, sorrowful
plangent
플렌 전트 1, pounding[쿵쾅거리는], thundering, resound(<악기소리 등이> 울리다, 울다)ing
plastic
moldable, pliable, not rigid
platitude
a superficial or trite(트롸잍 흔한) remark, especially one offered as meaningful
plethora
플레 떠 뤄 1, an overabundance, a surplus
pluck
courage, spunk(용기), fortitude
plumb
to measure the depth(as with a plumb line(다림줄, 추선(錘線))), to examine critically
poignant
distressing, pertinent, touching, stimulating, emotional
polemical
controversial, argumentative(따지기 좋아하는)
prate
chatter(재잘거리다), babble(실없이 지껄이다)
prattle
to babble(실없이 지껄이다) meaninglessly; to talk in an empty and idle manner
precept
rule establishing standards of conduct, a doctrine that is taught(계율)
precipitate
acting with excessive haste or impluse
precursor
something that precedes and indicates or announces another
predilection
a disposition in favor of something, preference
preempt
to replace, to supersede(대체하다), to appropriate
preen
to dress up, primp, groom oneself with elaborate care; in animals, to clean fur or feathers
prescience
knowing of events prior to their occurring
prevaricate
to deliberately avoid the truth, mislead
prize
to pry(지레로 들어올리다[움직이다](prize) ((off, up)) ), press or force with a lever(지레)
probity
adherence to highest principles, uprightness(고결함)
proclivity
a natural predisposition or inclination
prodigal
recklessly wasteful, extravagant, profuse(헤픈), lavish(후한, 사치스런)
profligate
프로 플리 겉 1, excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant
profuse
given or coming forth abundantly, extravagant
prolific
producing large volumes or amounts, productive
prolix
long-winded(말이 긴), verbose(말 수가 많은)
propinquity
nearness in time or place, affinity(유사성) of nature, kinship(유사)
propitiate
to appease, conciliate(회유하다)
propitious
auspicious(favorable, successful), favorable
proscribe
to outlaw or prohibit
provident
frugal, looking to the future
puerile
퓨어 뤌 1, childish, immature
pugnacious
contentious(다투기 좋아하는), quarrelsome(걸핏하면 싸우려 하는), given to fighting, belligerent
punctilious
precise, paying attention to trivialities, especially in regard to etiquette
pundit
an authority on a subject, one who gives opinions
pungent
characterized by a strong, sharp smell or taste, penetrating, to the point
pusilanimous
퓨 썰 래 너 머쓰 3, cowardly, craven(겁많은)
putrefy
퓨 트뤄 파이 1, to rot, decay and give off a foul odor, become gangrenous(suffering from tissue death 갱 그뤄 너쓰 1)
quaff
크워프 to drink deeply
quail
to shrink back in fear, lose courage
qualms
misgivings(의심), reservations((입밖에 낼 수 없는) 마음의 걱정, 의혹 ), causes for hesitancy
querulous
prone to complaining or grumbling, quarrelsome
quiescence
stillness, motionlessness, quality of being at rest
quotidian
occurring or recurring daily, commonplace
rail
to complain about bitterly
ramify
to be divided or subdivided, branch out
rancorous
characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
rapacious
voracious, greedy, plundering(to rob of goods by open force), subsisting on prey
rarefy
to make or become thin, less dense, refine
rebus
뤼 버쓰 1, riddle, a representation of words by pictures or symbols that sound like the words
recalcitrant
obstinately(완강하게) defiant of(무시하는) authority or guidance, difficult to manage
recant
to retract(withdraw/draw back), especially a previously held belief
recondite
뤠 컨 다잍 1, hidden, concealed, difficult to understand, obscure
reconnoiter
to engage in reconnaissance(an inspection / exploration), make a preliminary inspection of
recumbent
뤼 컴 번트 2, leaning, resting, prone(수그린)
redolent
뤠 덜 런트 1, fragrant, suggestive or evocative..을 연상시키는
redoubtable
awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
refulgent
radiant; shiny; brilliant
regale
뤼 게일 2, to delight(기쁘(게)하다) or entertain, feast(눈, 귀를 즐겁게 하다)
relegate
to forcibly assign, especially to a lower place or position
remonstrate
to protest, object
renege
뤼 닉 2, to fail to honor a commitment, go back on a promise 약속을 어기다
rent
torn, split apart, pierced as by a sound
repine
to feel or express dejection or discontent, long for
repudiate
to refuse to have anything to do with; disown
rescind
to invalidate, repeal, retract
resolute
adamant, steadfast, determined
rhetoric
the art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
rubric
루 브뤽 1, authoritative rule, heading, title, or category
rue
regret, feel remorse
sagacious
having sound judgment, perceptive, wise
salacious
appealing to or causing sexual desire, bawdy
salient
쎄일 리 언트 1, prominent, protruding, conspicuous, highly relevant
salubrious
promoting health or well-being
salutary
remedial, wholesome(건강에 좋은), causing improvement
sanctimony
self-righteousness(독선), pretended piety
sanction
authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce compliance
sanguine
cheerful, confident, optimistic
sap
to enervate(에 널 베잍 1) or weaken the vitality of
satiate
to overindulge(탐닉하다), satisfy to excess
satire
a literary work that ridicules or criticizes human vice through humor or derision
saturnine
쌔 털 나인 1, gloomy, dark, sullen, morose
scurvy
contemptible, despicable
sedulous
쎄 절 러쓰 1, diligent, persistent, hard-working
seine
a large net hung out and dragged in to catch fish(후릿그물)
sere
씨얼 withered(말라빠진), arid(메마른)
seminal
like a seed, constituting a source, originative
shard
a piece of broken pottery or glass, any small piece or part
simper
to smirk(to smile in an affected smug(잘난 척하는) or offensively familiar way)
sinecure
position requiring little or no work and usually providing an income
singular
exceptional, unusual, odd
sinuous
winding, curving, moving lithely(유연한), devious(구불구불한)
slake
to satisfy, quench, lessen the intensity of
sodden
soaked or drenched(흠뻑 물에 적신), unimaginative, dull
solder
to weld(용접하다), fuse(융합시키다) or join, as with a soldering gun
solicitous
concerned and attentive, eager
solvent
able to meet financial obligations
sophistry
fallacious reasoning; plausible but faulty logic
specious
seeming true, but actually false, misleadingly attractive
spendthrift
one who spends money wastefully
splenetic
스플리 네 틱 2, bad-tempered, irritable
spurious
lacking authenticity or validity, false, counterfeit
squalid
sordid, wretched and dirty from neglect
stanch
to stop the flow of a fluid
steep
to saturate or completely soak
stentorian
extremely loud and powerful
stint
to restrain, be sparing or frugal
stygian
스티 쥐언 1, gloomy, dark
stymie
to block, thwart(좌절시키다)
succor
써 컬 1, assistance, relief in time of distress
sundry
가지가지의 various, miscellaneous, separate
supercilious
disdainful(거드름부리는), arrogant, haughty, characterized by haughty scorn
superfluous
exceeding what is sufficient or necessary
supine
쑤 파인 2, inactive, lying on one's back, apathetic, mentally or morally slack(해이한)
supplant
to take the place of, supersede(대체하다)
suppliant
asking humbly, beseeching(간청하는)
supplicant
beggar, one who prays or begs for something
surfeit
to feed or supply in excess
table
to remove(as a parliamentary motion) from consideration
tacit
implied, not explicitly stated
tamp
to plug, to drive in or down by a series of blows(<길 등을> 다져서 굳히다 ((down)))
tendentious
biased, showing marked tendencies
tender
to offer formally
tenuous
having little substance or strength, flimsy, week
timorous
timid, fearful, diffident
toady
sycophant(씨 커 펀트 1), flatterer, yes-man
torpid
lethargic(리 딸 쥑 2), sluggish, dormant
torrid
scorching(burning very hot), ardent(불타는 듯 한, 열심인), passionate, hurried
tortuous
winding, twisting, excessively complicated
tout
to publicly praise or promote
tractable
docile, obedient, easily led
travesty
트레 버스티 1, mockery, caricature, parody
trenchant
sharply perceptive, keen, penetrating, biting, clear cut
truculent
트뤄 큘 런트 1, fierce, scathing(냉혹한), eager to fight
tumid
투 믿 swollen
turbid
muddy, having sediment(침전물) stirred up, clouded to the point of opaque, in a state of turmoil(소란)
turgid
털 쥗 swollen, bloated(부푼), pompous, excessively ornate
turpitude
depravity, baseness
tyro
타이 로우 novice, beginner in learning
umbrage
offense, resentment
undulate
to move in wavelike fashion, fluctuate
untoward
troublesome, unruly, unseemly), adverse(
upbraid
to scold, censure, rebuke(비난), chastise(
usury
charging an exorbitant or illegal rate of interest
variegated
multicolored, characterized by a variety of patches of different color
vaunt
to brag or boast
venal
capable of being bought or bribed, mercenary
veracity
truthfulness, honesty
veritable
authentic, real, genuine
vigilant
alertly watchful
vitiate
to reduce the value of, debase, spoil, make ineffective
vituperate
to use harsh condemnatory language; abuse or censure severely
waft
a light breeze, a puff
welter
to writhe, to toss about, to be in turmoil
wend
to go, proceed, walk
interdict
to forbid and prohibit
chimerical
unreal; imaginary
imprecation
curse
factious
dissenting; disagreeing
affectation
artifical behavior
acrid
bitter and harsh
ineffable
cannot be expressed in words
abject
miserable and pitiful
ungainly
not graceful; awkward; clumsy
sully
disgraced and tarnished
adorned
add beauty and decorate
equable
uniform; steady and unwavering
mercurial
changeable and unpredictable
despot
tyrant oppressor
collusion
secret agreement
inveterate
firmly established by continuance or habit "inveterate gambler"
fulsom
disgusting or offensively excessive
abrade
to wear off or down by scraping or rubbing
execrate
to curse
acerbic
harshness; severity
abash
to destroy the self-confidence; embarassed
embolden
to make confident
trenchant
perceptive; incisive or keen as language or a person
crotchety
irascible; grouchy
carp
to complain
callow
inexperienced and immature
recompense
to repay; remunerate; reward; as for service
obloquy
disgrace; public censure
vacuous
without content;empty
lambaste
to reprimand severely; censure; excoriate
simian
apelike
controvert
to argue against; dispute; deny; oppose
compunction
a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety of the conscience caused by regret for doing wrong or causing pain; contrition; remorse
contravention
action counter to something; violation or opposition
foolhardy
recklessly or thoughtlessly bold; foolishly rash or venturesome
forge
to shape
reap
to gather or take
sow
to scatter (seed) over land
dote
to bestow or express excessive love or fondness habitually
preternatural
abnormal; supernatural
peripatetic
walking or traveling about; itinerant
disconcerted
to throw into disorder or confusion; disarrange