Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/138

Click to flip

138 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Under the Declaration of Independence, "all men were created equal" meant what?
white male landowners
Name four writers of the Constitution and describe what trait each brought to the convention.
1.James Madison-father of the Const.
2.Benjamin Franklin- foreign relations
3.George Washington-military and leadership experience; highly influential
4.Edmund Rudolph-Governor of Virginia; experience with the House of Burgesses
Who is the father of the Constitution?
James Madison
Name the six points of concern in the Constitution.
1. establish popular sovereignty-(men) participate in vote
2. united government
3. separation of powers
4. system of checks and balances
5. judicial review
6. federalism
What was the main focus of the Constitution?
never have another monarchy
What branch makes the laws? What is another name for this branch?
Legislative; Congress
Congress is split into two houses:
1.House of Lords-Senate
2.House of Commons-House of Representatives
How many senators are there?
100+2 (nonvoting)
How many senators does each state have?
2 (gov. picked)
Name the three requirements for becoming a senator.
1. 30 years old
2. 9 years US citizen
3. no felony
How long does a senator serve? How many senators are voted on at a time?
6 year term
33, 33, 34
Who is the president of the Senate?
Vice-president
If senator dies within the first three years of service, there is a ____________, if they die within the last three years of service, the _____________ becomes senator.
special election
governor
The House of Commons/Representatives is based upon _______________.
population
How many representatives in the House of Reps does GA have? How many reps are there total?
13
435
The census is held every _____ years. When was the first census held?
2
1790
The number of representatives = the number of _________
electorial votes
What are the 3 requirements for a representative?
1. 25 years old
2. 7 years US citizen
3. no felony
A representative serves a ________ term.
2 year
If a representative dies, who picks the replacement?
governor
What are the 18 powers of Congress?
1. tax
2. borrow money
3. regulate trade
4. immigration
5. coin money
6. punish counterfeiters
7. post offices
8. copyrights/patents
9. courts inferior to Supreme Court
10. piracies
11. declare war
12. raise and support armies
13. raise and support navy
14. rules and regulations of army/navy
15. power to call militia
16. UCMJ (military laws)
17. District of Columbia
18. make all laws that are necessary
Who makes up the executive branch?
President/vice-president
What is the amount of term for the president? What about maximum term?
Two 4 year terms
10 years max
What are the four qualifications of president?
1. natural born US citizen
2. 35 years old
3. 14 years US resident
4. no felonies
What are the three powers of president?
1. commander in chief
2. make treaties
3. fill vacancies
How long can the president send troops to fight with Congress's approval?
180 days
What vacancies can the president fill?
courts inferior to Supreme Court and the vice president
What branch interprets laws?
Judicial
What branch does the Supreme Court belong to?
Judicial
How many Supreme court justices are there?
19
Who was the first woman justices?
O'Connor
Who was the first black
justices?
Marshall
Who is the current black justice?
C. Thomas
Who is the current woman
justice?
Ginsberg
How long does the Supreme Court judges' term last?
life
What are the 2 qualifications for the Supreme Court justices?
1. lawyer
2. US citizen
The executive branch nominates and vetos to check and balance the _______ branch.
legislative
The executive branch appoints judges to check and balance the _______ branch.
judicial
The judicial branch impeaches in order to check and balance the _______ branch.
executive
The judicial branch rules a law unconstitutional to check and balance the ________ branch.
legislative
The legislative branch approves in order to check and balance the ________ branch.
judicial
The legislative branch overrides vetoes and impeaches in order to check and balance the __________ branch.
executive
How much of Congress must approve an amendment?
2/3
How many of the states must ratify an amendment?
3/4
The first ten amendments are called the __________. They protect ________ freedom.
bill of rights
individual
AMEND-freedoms- speech, press, etc.
1
AMEND-right to bear arms and state to maintain a militia
2
AMEND-quartering of troops
3
AMEND-searches and seizures
4
AMEND-right to grand jury, double jeopardy, etc.
5
AMEND-speedy and public trial
6
AMEND-trial by jury
7
AMEND-protected against excessive fines and punishment
8
AMEND-rights of the people not written
9
AMEND-if not written as a fed. power, it is automatically assumed to be a state power
10
AMEND-lawsuits against state
11
AMEND-electoral college
12
AMEND-freed slaves
13
AMEND-gave slaves citizenship
14
AMEND-right to vote to slaves
15
AMEND-income tax
16
AMEND-general election of senators
17
AMEND-prohibition of alcohol
18
AMEND-women's suffrage
19
AMEND-terms of president and congress (inauguration day-Jan 20)
20
AMEND-repealed # 18
21
AMEND-term limits of president (2)
22
AMEND-suffrage of DC
23
AMEND-did away with poll taxes- Jim crow laws
24
AMEND-president disability and succession
25
AMEND-voting age (18)
26
AMEND-congressional pay raises
27
In the electoral college, voting is based upon number of __________.
representatives
Whose power is this?
tax
legislative
Whose power is this?
borrow money
legislative
Whose power is this?
immigration
legislative
Whose power is this?
regulate trade
legislative
Whose power is this?
coin money
legislative
Whose power is this?
punish counterfeiters
legislative
Whose power is this?
post offices
legislative
Whose power is this?
copyrights/patents
legislative
Whose power is this?
courts inferior to supreme court
legislative
Whose power is this?
piracies
legislative
Whose power is this?
declare war
legislative
Whose power is this?
raise and support armies
legislative
Whose power is this?
raise and support navy
legislative
Whose power is this?
rules and regulations of army/navy, including bases
legislative
Whose power is this?
power to call militia
legislative
Whose power is this?
UCMJ (military laws)
legislative
Whose power is this?
District of Columbia
legislative
Whose power is this?
make all laws that are necessary
legislative
Whose power is this?
commander in chief
executive
Whose power is this?
make treaties
executive
Whose power is this?
fill vacancies (courts inferior to Supreme Court and vice-president)
executive
Whose power is this?
interpreting law
judicial
Whose power is this?
impeachment
judicial
What is domestic tranquility?
establishment of order in a country
What is posterity?
future generations
What does ordain mean?
to order
What does apportion mean?
to divide and distribute according to a plan
What is welfare?
general well-being
What is a concurrence?
agreement
What is habeas corpus?
court order to determine whether a person is lawfully being imprisoned
What is jurisdiction?
the right to interpret
What does infringe mean?
to violate
What does deprive mean?
deny
What does impartial mean?
not biased
What to redress mean?
to correct a wrong
The life of Congress is considered to last ____ years. Its regular session begins on _________. It remains in session until its members ________. The president can call a ________ session of Congress if deemed necessary.
two
1st Mon. in Dec.
adjourn
special
A majority of members of the house is called ____________.
quorum
Neither house can adjourn for more than ________ days without the consent of the other. Both houses must meet in the same ________.
three
place
What is jurisdiction?
the right to interpret
What does infringe mean?
to violate
What does deprive mean?
deny
What does impartial mean?
not biased
What to redress mean?
to correct a wrong
The life of Congress is considered to last ____ years. Its regular session begins on _________. It remains in session until its members ________. The president can call a ________ session of Congress if deemed necessary.
two
1st Mon. in Dec.
adjourn
special
A majority of members of the house is called ____________.
quorum
Neither house can adjourn for more than ________ days without the consent of the other. Both houses must meet in the same ________.
three
place
Members of both houses are free from ________ when the are in session.
liable suits (arrests)
All bills for raising revenue must begin in the ___________, but the ___________ has the right to propose __________.
house of representatives
senate
ammendments
All bills that have passed the house and the senate must be sent to the _____________. If he or she approves the bill, he or she will _______ it. If 2/3 of the house votes to approve a bill, it becomes a _______.
president
sign
law
If a president lets a bill sit for ______ days while Congress is in session, it will become a law even if the president does not sign it. When the president kills a bill by doing nothing, it is known as _______.
10 days
pocket veto
Who removes judges from office?
legislative
Who vetoes bills?
executive
Who nominates judges?
executive
Who overrides vetoes?
legislative
Who calls special sessions?
executive
Who controls appropriations?
legislative
Who fails to enforce a court order?
legislative
Who declares a law unconstitutional?
judicial
Who grants reprieves?
executive
Who replaces some existing courts?
legislative
Who sets free a person being held by the FBI?
executive
Who proposes an amendment?
legislative
Who confirms appointments?
legislative
Who ratifies treaties?
executive
Who declares the president's actions unconstitutional?
judicial