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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
seige
to capture, force
Revolutionary War
American vs. British
natural rights
rights given by your Creator
Independence Day
America sends Constitution to Britain; July 4 1776
causalities
death, missing, wounded
Loyalists
loyal to king
Tories
not loyal to the king
blockade
prevents supplies from getting in
Treaty of Paris
1783
patriotism
love for one's country
boycott
to protest in order to get something
Where was the first gunfire of the Revolution?
Boston Massacre
Where was the first military stand of the Revolution?
Lexington and Concord
Why was Lexington and Concord the site of the first military stand? Where are Lexington and Concord?
Because it was an armory.
Massachusetts
What is guerrilla warfare?
fighting and running
What were the opposing sides during the Revolution?
Patriots (colonists) VS. Redcoats (British)
Name four weaknesses of the Patriots.
1. supplies-(prevented by the blockade)
2. military experience-(very little)
3. population-(more fighthers)
4. army/navy-(didn't have either one)
Name three strengths of the Patriots.
1. home field-(our land)
2. reason for fighting-(total freedom)
3. willingness to adapt-(new military strategies)
What is a mercenary?
a paid fighter
Who did the British hire as fighters during the war?
Prussians
Name four new military technologies.
rifles, canons, bayonets, and guerrilla warfare
What were the results of the new forms of technology during the war?(2)
the fighters had to adapt and there were more casualties
What did the puritans want?
to purify the church
What was the new Netherlands?
Dutch colony for tradesmen
Who founded Pennsylvania and was the Quaker leader?
William Penn
What was the Bacon Rebellion?
rebellion of disfranchising
What is a ghetto?
a part of town where immigrants live
What was the first Great Awakening?
The revival of the church in which people could pray independently and for themselves
What was the Second Great Awakening?
The revival of the church in which people agreed that no matter what denomination you are a part of, as long as you're of the same religion (in this case Christian) you are saved.
What was the first university in America?
Harvard
Name some inventions/discoveries/etc. of Benjamin Franklin? (5)
1. wrote newspapers
2. Poor Richard's almanac
3. experiments with lightning
4. 1st biofocals
5. lightning rod
When was the French and Indian war? What is its other name?
1754-1763
7 Years War
What were the sides in the beginning of the French and Indian war? At the end?
French and Indians vs. British and colonists
French vs. Indians, British, and colonists
What were two consequences of the French & Indian war?
French lose Canada
govt lost control
What did the proclamation of 1763 state?
No colonist could settle west of the Appalachian mountains (because he wanted to keep control of them and their money)
Who ultimately paid for the war?
colonists
Name three of the Intolerable Acts.
Sugar, Stamp, and Tea Act
What is mercantalism ?
a bartering system
When/where did the Continental Congress meet?
Massachusetts, Oct 26, 1774
Who wrote Common Sense?
Thomas Paine
What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?
To inform the king that the colonists were breaking away.
Name 5 men who signed the declaration of independence.
1. Thomas Jefferson
2. Benjamin Franklin-not a lawyer
3. John Adams
4. Robert Sherman
5. Robert Livingston
What was accomplished at the Continental Congress (4)?
1. preamble
2. ideas for the new govt
3. wrongs of the king
4. declaration of independence
After the war, the US was made into a _____________
confederation
The _____________ were written after the war to prevent another one.
Articles of Confederation
Three problems with the Articles of Confederation are: Congress could not _________/borrow __________, declare ___________, no ___________ system.
tax/money, war, judicial
To change a law, etc. dealing with money, it took ____ out of 13 votes to pass.
9
To change one of the Articles of Confederation, it took ____ out of 13 votes to pass.
13
Battle of Lexington and Concord
located in MA, this was a site of a battle during the Revolution because it was an armory
Battle of Bunker Hill
this proved Patriots coud fight and they were not intimidated
Who was the ambassador to France during the Revolution?
Benjamin Franklin
Battle of Trenton
the battle at Trenton, NJ, where the colonists attack British on Christmas day; this proved colonists could fight and break the rules of engagment
Battle of Saratoga
NY; Washington and army defeat British, because of this battle, France becomes ally to colonists
Battle of Yorktown
last battle of the Revolution; Cornwallis is defeated
Treaty of Paris
1783; ends war; go to France to sign treaty; agree on trade policies
Baron von Stuben
French trainer of troops
Lafayette
French trainer of troops
1st Continental Congress
Philadelphia, 1774; met to prepare to separate from Britain
2nd Continental Congress
1775-1781; adopted the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation
Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776; mostly written by Thomas Jefferson, it justified breaking from Britain and proclaimed independence
rule of law
the principle that the government acts in accordance with the law
mercenaries
a hired fighter with nothing to gain from their side winning, except for what they are paid
George Washington
commander in chief of the colonists' army (Patriots)
Lord Cornwallis
British general during revolution
At Bunker Hill, British had ______ troops, with __________ causalities; however Patriot causalities are ________.
200,400 with 1,000 causalities; 400;