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30 Cards in this Set

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What are the two main reasons that Julius Caesar wrote "The Commentaries on the Gallic War?"
1. To put in writing an authoritative account of a very important period in Roman history.
2. To justify to the Roman people his military actions in Gaul, Germany, and Britain.
How did Caesar give "The Gallic War" an appearance of detached objectivity?
He refers to himself in third person.
How many books is in "The Gallic War?"
7, each book narrates the campaigns of one year.
Who is Aulus Hirtius?
One of Caesar's generals who added an 8th book to "The Gallic War
In the first book, (58 B.C.) what three divisions are in Gaul?
Belgians, Aquitanians, and Celts
Which group did Caesar consider the bravest, and what were the three reasons he gave for their bravery?
The Belgians.
1. their distance from the refinement of the Roman province.
2. little contact with traders who bring luxuries to weaken men's courage
3. constant wars with the neighboring Germans
What are three results of the Gallic War?
1. Caesar fought in the War for ten years and in that time, captured over 800 towns, subdued 300 tribes, fought 3 million foes, killed a million, and took a million prisoners.
2. Rome colonized western Europe.
3. Latin gradually developed the modern Romance languages: French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian.
Who was Ariovistus?
An arrogant German chief whom Casear defeated and drove from Gaul back into Germany.
Who was Casticus?
A chief of the Sequanians. He joined with Orgetorix and Dumnorix in the conspiracy to gain control of Gaul.
Who was Diviciaus?
A prominant pro-Roman Aeduan. Unlike his brother, Dumnorix, he was loyal to Caesar.
Who was Labienus, Titus?
Caesar's right-hand man and most trusted lieutenant in the Gallic War. During the Civil War, however, he fought against Caesar and was killed at Munda.
Who was Orgetorix?
Wealthiest of the Helvetian chiefs. He planned the migration into western Gaul. Orgetorix attempted to seize control of Helvetia and plotted with Casticus and Dumnorix to conquer all Gaul. When arrested by the Helvetians, he is said to have taken his life.
What is Aquitania?
The southwestern part of Gaul, seperated from Spain by the Pyrenees Mountains.
What is Belgium?
Land of the Belgae, another of the three main divisions of Gaul. It was located in the Northern Part of Gaul
What is Britannia?
The island of Britain, described by Caesar as "triangular in shape."
What is Gallia?
A general term comprising modern France and parts of Switzerland, Belgium, and Holland; all the territory between the Pyrenees mountains and the Rhine River. When referring to Gallia, Caesar usually means the central or Celtic part of Gaul, the third main division of Gaul.
What is Germania?
Germany, a country of indefinite extent, east of the Rhine Rhiver.
What is Helvetia?
The homeland of the Helvetii, divided into four cantons; modern Switzerland
What is Genava?
Geneva, located on Lake Geneva in Switzerland.
What is Lutetia?
Modern Paris; a city of the tribe named Parisii on an island in the Seine River.
What is Arar?
The modern Soane River, a tributary of the Rhone.
What is Garumna?
The modern Garonne, a river of southwestern France.
What is Lemannus?
Lake Geneva in Switzerland.
What is Matrona?
The modern Marne River, a tributary of the Seine.
What is Rherus?
The Rhine River, seperating Gaul and Germany
What is Rhodanus?
The Rhone River, which flows through Lake Geneva and empties into the Mediterranean.
What is Sequana?
The modern Seine, the principal river of nothern France.
What is Alpes?
The Alps, seperating Cisalpine Gaul from Transalpine Gaul and Germany.
What is Iura?
The Jura, a range of mountains extending from the Rhine to the Rhone.
What is Pyrenaei?
The Pyrenees, seperating Gaul from Spain.