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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
representativeness
ignores base rate
availability
over rely on familiarity
simulation
over rely on how easy it is to imagine
conjunction fallacy
think conjunctions more likely than single event
framing effect
context: half empty or half full
anchoring and adjustment
to estimate, start with an initial estimate (anchor) and then adjust. final estimate is influenced by initial anchor... doesn't appear with extreme anchors
illusory correlations
bias to see associations between two unrelated things.. see relationships where none exist, and often based on preconceptions/stereotypes
Clinical method of clinical judgement
human judgement based on informal contemplation and discussion with others
actuarial method of clinical judgement
automated, algorithmic procesures and equations based on statistics (computer programs)
great accuracy relying on actuarial / clinical
actuarial
intelligence...
ability to learn, use of metacognitive processes to enhance learning, ability to adapt to surrounding environment
spearman's "g"
"general factor".. mental energy, what matters most. specific abilities. correlations between different kinds of tests, related to speed and WM, some links to brain structure and function
Thurstone: Primary Mental Abilities
*correlated, as suggested by spearmans g
verbal fluency
perceptual speed
number
inductive reasoning
spatial visualization
memory
verbal comprehension
Guilford : structure of intellect
how combination of dimensions leads to factors..
operations
content
products..
results in up to 150 "factors of mind" - a little different from "g"
heirarchical models
g - fluid/crystallized
fluid
performance, ie how fast you are.. working memory on the fly
crystallized
verbal, ie based on experience and things you learn
binet
designed intelligence tests to identify childrenw ho needed special help in school.. mental age / chronological age
what IQ means today...
where one falls in the normal distribution of scores
Triarchical Theory- Sternberg
practical, analytic, creative... intelligence relation to internal world, external world, and experience
gardner
multiple intelligences, only some of which are measured by standard intelligence tests
Turing Test
simulate expertise / be better than humans (deep blue) "brute force" method
gardners forms of intelligence
visual
linguistic
musical
bodily and kinesthetic
logical and mathematical
naturalistic
interpersonal
intrapersonal