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44 Cards in this Set

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Shabbat
The Jewish Sabbath, from Friday at sundown until Saturday at sundown.
Kiddush
Ceremonial family blessing and meal Friday night to welcome the Sabbath
Challah
(or Hallah) The special braided bread baked specially for the Sabbath meal
Havdalah
A family ceremony on Saturday night marking the end of Sabbath
Kashrut
(noun) The term which describes the Jewish "kosher" dietary laws
Kosher
(adjective) The term describing food "fit" or "proper" in Judaism
Treif
(or Trayf) The word means "torn" and describes un-kosher food
Pareve
(or Parve) This word describes foods which are considered neutral
Brit Mila
(or Bris) Covenant biblical circumcision for Jewish males
Bar Mitzvah
A ceremony where 13 year old Jewish boys become "sons of the commandment"
Bat Mitzvah
A similar ceremony (in Reform Judaism) for girls who have turned 12 years old.
Halakah
The term means "walk" or "way" -- describes the body of Jewish Law and practice
Shema
The most sacred prayer in Judaism - repetition in Hebrew of Deuteronomy 6:4-9
Talit
(or Talis) The Jewish "prayer shawl" with colored bands and fringes
Talit Katan
("Small Talis") A linen undershirt with fringes worn by some Orthodox men
Tzitzit
The biblical term for "fringe" - the fringes on the Talit prayer shawl
Tefilin
(Phylacteries) Small leather prayer boxes bound to the head and arm during prayer
Mezuza
The word means "doorpost" -- a small container with a scripture passage inside
Kippa
(or Yarmulke) Jewish "skull cap" worn by males for prayer and sacred occasions.
Shofar
Hebrew term for the ram's horn blown on Rosh Ha-Shannah and holy occasions.
Menorah
Hebrew term for "lamp" with multiple arms (like the 7 armed temple menorah)
Rosh Ha-Shannah
The Jewish New Year, beginning day of the month of Fall holidays
Yom Kippur
The biblical Day of Atonement, a solemn day of fasting in Judaism
High Holy Days
Rosh Ha-Shannah, followed by Yom Kippur, ten days later.
Sukkot
(or Sukkos) The weeklong Feat of Tabernacles (or Booths) each Fall
Sehmini Atzeret
The "eight" additional holday right after the seven days of Sukkot
Simhat Torah
The "joyful days of Torah" at the end of the Sukkot weeks each Fall
Pessah/Pessach
(or Pessakh) The biblical Spring festival of Passover (Unleavened Bread)
Seder
The ritual feast (meal) of Passover - the term Seder means "order"
Shavuot/Shavuos
The biblical Feast of Weeks, wearly Summer festival 50 days after Pessah
Tisha Be-Av
The "Ninth of Av" - summer day of mourning destruction of the temple
Hanukah/Chanukah
The term means "dedication" - refers to the Winter "Feast of Dedication"
Hanukiah
This is a specific term for the nine-armed Hanukah Menorah
Dreidel
A small, four sided top which children play at Hanukah
Purim (Lots)
The early Spring celebration involving the reading of the story of Esther
Kabalah
The term for mystical (even magical) Jewish traditions of the middle ages
Synagogue
The Jewish meeting house or house of worship (house of assembly)
Matza (Matzos)
unleavened bread
Maror
bitter herbs, eaten at the "seder" supper, usually horseradish, but also radish or onion
Afikomen
the final piece of Matza, divided and eaten together by the family at the "seder"
Hagaddah
"telling" / a book of the story or "telling" of the Exodus and Passover
Diaspora
This is a Greek word meaning "dispersion." Jews use the word "diaspora" to describe any and all Jews living outside the Land of Israel (or holy Land). After the return from Babylon (537 BC) Jews living outside the Holy Land were referred to as being in "dispersion." For all intents and purposes, in modern times "diaspora" refers to non-Israeli Jews.
Haskalah
This word means "smartness" and has the connotation of the Jewish people waking up to modern realities. The "haskalah" took place in Europe of the 1800s, when Jewish intellectuals there made an effort to have European Jews take more part in modern European life. "Haskalah" is called the Jewish "enlightenment."
Hoshanna Rabbah
The seventh day of Sukkot. Hold prayers and petitioning God to send the winter rains.