Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/56

Click to flip

56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Yom Kippur
day of attonement/judgement 25 hr fast. constant prayer w/ occasional study
Sabath
Day of rest. On the seventh day of creation god rested on sabath humans imitate god.
Rosh hashana
Jewish New Years. 1st day of the month 2 days of feasting. afterwars there is 10 days or repentence then yom kippur
Passover
7-8 days long week of changes and prohibition of food.
Pentacost
7 weeks after passover. agricultural holiday commemorates reciept of the 10 commandments. 1-2 days long
Tabernacles
5 days after yom kippur. agricultural holiday observed for a week. live in small hut outside your house
Celebration of the New moon
occurs 1x a month.
Hanukka
celebration of miracle of oil. Temple was desecrated mid 200's BCE rededicated 3 yrs later on the saternalia.
Purim
Ester was chosen as the queens wife and was able to save her people from a man who was attempting to persecute the jews.
lag-ba-omer
commemorates end of counting hte wheat. 33rd day after passover
Ninth of Av
24 hr fast. commemorates the destruction of the temple
Torah
5 books of the bible. most important religious text. begins with the birth of the world. ends with the death of moses. 2nd 3rd and 5th parts detail laws.
shat
simple, literal meaning of the text.
Drash
manipulations of hte text
exigesis
deriving things from the text
asigesis
reading things into the text
biblical law
the torah
rabidic law
interpretations of the texts
when 2 laws conflict
rabbis way the importance of the laws based on when and where they were written
Custom
often has authority of laws, but some customs have more authority than others. (ex covering head)
halahal
"the way to walk" hebrew law
Purpose of jewish life
to exist and fulfill the covenant and glorify god
3 cardinal sins
1. worshiping other gods
2. murder
3. sexual crimes
normative judaism
traditional jewish life as preserved by religious jews
reconstructionist
orig. in US. most modern does not believe in supernaturalism and many other lays
reform
older liberal jewish. uses vernacular to deliver sermons rather than hebrew
conservative
in between reform and orthadox. modernizing
orthodox
more traditional, thousands of yrs old.
modern orthodox
college educated
centrist orthodox
15 yrs old between modern and ultra
ultra orthodox
further to hte right
hacidic jews
look very "jewish" further to the right
haredic jews
similar to hacidic, but believe morei n mysticism
Mishnah
written 200 bce. 1st rabidic text, dos and donts of laws
Talmud
most important book next to torah
hatat
purification sacrifice, if one commits an immoral act or doesnt commit a req. moral one, one becomes impure.
Synagogue
origionally places of study but now places of prayer and study
Synagogue services
3 per day, 5-10 min. 3 services correspond to 3 fathers of judaism.
Amidah
recited during services. usually 19 paragraphs 1st and last 3 are always the same in between one inserts more personal prayers
Shema
prayer for declaration of faith
hatat
purification sacrifice, if one commits an immoral act or doesnt commit a req. moral one, one becomes impure.
Synagogue
origionally places of study but now places of prayer and study
Synagogue services
3 per day, 5-10 min. 3 services correspond to 3 fathers of judaism.
Amidah
recited during services. usually 19 paragraphs 1st and last 3 are always the same in between one inserts more personal prayers
Shema
prayer for declaration of faith
Kosher
"proper," only certain animals permitted(cloven hooves, cud chewing) no birds of prey, milk and meat products cant be cooked together, no dairy after meat, fish must have fins and scales
Hair covering
not a law but an enforced custom, married women cover their hair
Nideh
no sex during and 2 week after period. after which women must go through a mikveh(ritual bath) to cleanse themselves
Temple mount
holy place, within th9s holy of holies has highest status
Temple
initiaed by Davis(1000 BCE) built by solomon destroyed by babylonians rebuilt 70 yrs later then destroyed by Romans
Circumcision
Brit milah; 8 days after birth, child named then. 30 days later 1st boys are bought back from rabbis
Sil rhat habat
rejoicing over a daughter, no circumcision. girls are named in the temple at any point
Bar/bat mitzvah
when the child reaches age of majority(13). celebrates childs entrance into religious life as an adult.
death
body is not left alone, dif division of mourning depending on relationshipto the deceased. 1st seven days after death those mourning are supposed to stay home, 3 services a day are conducted. the Kaddish is said at each service
judeophile
one whos is not jewish but strongly appreciates the religion or culture
goy
in hebrew means nation. in yidish it means non jew