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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hostility towards Jews and Judaism
Anti-Semitism
"son of the commandment" or "daughter of the commmandment", the ritual celebrationg marking the comin of age of a Jewish chilc
bar mitzvah
bat mitvzah
the agreement between God and the ancient Israelites first throug Abraham and then through Moses
Covanent
The situation of Jews living away from thier ancestral homeland, a circumstance that has been true for most Jews since the classical period
Disapora
a form of Judaism that arose in eastern Europe,it emphasizes mysticism, a personal realationship with God
Hasidism
the persecution of Jews by the German Nazis from 1833-1945, killed 6 million Jews
Holocaust
Jewish mysticism, which teaches that God can best be known thorug the heart, developed mainly in the medieval period with texts such as Zohar
Kabbalah
contains the teachings of the rabbis of the preceeding four centuries along with the Talmud, most important text
Mishnah
the 8 day festival celebrated in early spring that commemorates the Exodus from Egypt
Passover
"my teacher" a teacher of Torah and leader of Jewish worship
rabbi
the festival occuring in early fall in commemoration for the new year
Rosh Hashanah
the day from sunset on Friday until sunset on Saturday that is set aside for rest and religious celebration
Sabbath
From Dueuteronomy 6:4 Judaism's basic statement of monotheism
Shema
the vast despository of the oral Torah, based on the Mishnah with extensiv rabbinic comentary on each chapter
Talmud
a common way of referring to the Hebrew bible, derived from the first letters of the Hebrew names of its three sections
tanakh
generally the revelation of God's will to the people, the divine law
Torah
Judaism's most important holy day, occuring in the fall on the tenth day of teh new year, spent primarily at synagogue services
Yom Kippur
the movement arising in the late 19th century that sought to reestablish a Jewish homeland
Zionism