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39 Cards in this Set

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contrast
the varying levels of brightness and darkness within a particular scene
color temperature
a measurement, expressed in degrees Kelvin, which provides color information about light. Lower color temperatures are reddish, higher temperatures are bluish.
tungsten incandescent bulb
3200 degrees kelvin
flourescent bulb
4400 degrees kelvin
daytime light
5600 degrees kelvin
filters
a glass or gelatin that is placed in front of a camera lens or a light source that alters the light characteristics
dichoric gels
blue gels or filters that convert tungsten-balanced lamps to daylight balance
3 point lighting
a traditional approach to lighting that employs a key light, fill light, and back light
key light
the main source of light in a typical lighting setup, usually a spotlight set above the subject and to the front and side
fill light
a light that reduces the shadows and high contrast range created by the key light; typically a much softer light with wider spread
back light
a spotlight placed above and behind a person or object to make it stand out from a background
hard light
light that has a narrow angle of illumination and produces sharp, defined shadows
soft light
lighting instruments that produce diffused light
barn doors
black metal flaps placed on a lamp housing that blocks part of the light beam
bounce lighting
light reflected into a scene from a ceiling, wall, or reflector
directionality
a microphone's ability to pick up sound from a variety of locations
omnidirectional
a microphone that picks up from all sides
cardioid
a microphone that picks up sound from a heart shaped pattern
supercardiod
a microphone that picks up sound in an extreme heart shaped pattern
dynamic microphone
a microphone that creates an electrical currect based on the motion of a diaphragm attached to a movable coil suspended in a magnetic field. More rugged that a condenser and does not need a power source from either batteries or powered mixer
condenser microphone
uses battery or phatom power to charge an electronic back plate that reacts to vibrations of the diaphragm. These mics have greater frequency response but are less rugged than dynamic microphones
lavalier mics
a small condenser microphone that is usually attached to a person's clothing
shotgun microphone
a microphone with a long,narrow(usually supercardiod) pick-up pattern that is used to gather sound from a distance
xlr
a type of cable connector that carries audio only
mic inputs
jacks used to connect microphones to other sound sources. Microphones have no means of amplyfying their signal so the audio mixer usually amplifies mic inputs.
line inputs
jacks built into equipment for connecting tape recorders, turntables, and other pieces of audio equipment (but not microphones). since signal amplification is amplified in the equipment itself, the mixer does no additional amplification
Rules of composition
rule of thirds
leading room
head room
balance
leading lines
frame within a frame
30 degree rule
rule of thirds
splitting the picture into thirds so you can line up your picture
leading room
amount of space from side of object to side of the screen
head room
distance from top of object to top of screen
balance
balancing an object with another on screen (large&small object)
leading lines
lead eyes to subject (pathway to building)
frame within a frame
framing subject with a structure
30 degree rule
move at least 30degrees from subject to get a variety of shots
4 elements of a news package
voice-overs
b-roll
sound on tape
stand-up
voice overs (VO)
tell the story to the viewer
b-roll
shows the story
sound on tape (SOT)
also known as soundbites - tells/shows story
stand-up
reporter standing in front of story giving an intro or outro of story