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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Renaissance
the period of Western history when new resources and new business practices resulted in great cultural changes
patron
a person who supports the arts
humanism
the study of human nature and human affairs
Vatican
the palace of the popes in Rome
perspective
the impression of depth and distance on the flat surface of a painting
Commercial Revolution
the period of Western history when new resources and new business practices resulted in great economic changes
realism
a characteristic of Renaissance art which used perspective and proportion to show subjects as they appeared to the naked eye
Protestant
any Christian not belonging to the Roman Catholic Church or the Eastern Orthodox Church
Calvinism
the protestant belief developed in the 16th century by John Calvin, based on the concept (idea) of predestination
reformation
A 16th-century European movement that rebelled against the authority of the Roman Catholic Church
predestination
the belief that certain people are chosen by God for salvation
indulgences
a pardon for sinning, given by the Catholic Church, at first as a reward for some special service and later in return for a contribution of money
Act of Supremacy
an act of the Parliament of England that declared the monarch (king or queen) the head of the church of England
heresy
the holding of beliefs considered wrong by the church
Counter-Reformation
the reform movement that began within the Roman Catholic Church in the 1500s as a reaction to the Reformation
nepotism
the hiring or appointment of family members to positions of power or responsibility
simony
the sale of church positions (jobs)
secular
non-religious
dogma
established teachings, especially religious teachings
Anglican
belonging to or identified with the official church of England
free will
the Roman Catholic belief that individual salvation depends on the free choice of believing in God and following church dogma
excommunicate
to expel a person from the Roman Catholic Church
humanities
subjects such as a language, literature, history and philosophy that are concerned with humankind and culture.