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70 Cards in this Set

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The area in which 2 individual bones connect, determin the degree of movement of the body
a joint
an articulation
a joint
An immovable joint
fibrous joint
a joint that allows limited movement
cartilaginous joint
a joint that allows free movement
synovial joint
List the joints acccording to their structure
fibrous, carilaginous, synovial
List the structural components of a synovial joint
1. joint cavity
2. synovial membrane
3. articular cartilage
4. bursa
The space between bones
joint cavity
a membrane that lines the joint cavity which secretes a thick, lubricating fluid
synovial membrane
the thin layer of cartilage that protects the surfaces of the connecting bones
ariticular cartilage
small sacs containing synovial fluid which lubricate the area around the joint where there is a lot of friction
bursa (plural bursae)
Types of joints based on function
1. hinge joint
2. ball-and-socket joint
allows movement in one direction
hinge joint
allows movement in many directions
ball-and-socket joint
Types of joint movements
1. flexion
2. extension
3. abduction
4. adduction
5. rotation
6. supination
7. pronation
8. dorsiflexion
9. plantar flexion
10.circumduction
a bending motion that decreases teh angle between two bones
flexion
a traightening motion that increases the angle between two bones
extension
movement of a bone away from the midline of the body
abduction
movement of a bone toward the midline of the body
adduction
the turning of a bone on its own axis
rotation
the act of turning the palm up or forward
supination
the act of turning the palm down or backward
pronation
bending the foot backward, or upward, at the ankle
dorsiflexion
bending the foot downward, at the ankle, as in toe dancing
plantar flexion
joint pain
arthralgia
the point where two bones come togeheter
articulation joint
surgical removal of a bunion; removing the bony overgrowth and the bursa
bunionectomy
the manual forcing of a joint back into its original position without making and incision
closed manipulation
closed reducation
clicking or crackling sounds heard upon joint movement
crepitation
surgical removal of a ganglion
ganglionectomy
humpback
kyphosis
connective tissue bands that join bone to bone; offering support to the joint
ligaments
a vague feeling of weakness
malaise
the insertion of a needle into a cavity for the purpose of withdrawing fluid
needle aspiration
increased reaction of the skin to exposure to sunlight
photosensitivity
inflammation of the sciatic nerve; marked by painful tenderness along the path of the nerve through the thigh and let
sciatica
an incomplete dislocation
subluxation
an immovable joint
suture
a thick, lubricating fluid locaed in the synovial joint
synovial fluid
sticky, gelatinous
viscous
Inflammation of joints
arthritis
a type of arthritis that affects the vertebral column and causes deformities of the spine
ankylosing spondylitis
abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
bunion
hallux valgus
the displacement of a bone from its normal location within a joint, causing loss of function of the joint
dislocation
cystic tumor developing on a tendon; sometimes occurs on the back of the wrist
ganglion
a form of acute arthritis that is characterized by inflammation of the first metatarsal joing of the great toe
gout
the rupture of the central portion, or nucleus, of the disk through the disk wall and into the spinal canal.
herniated disk
(ruptured or slipped disk)
an acute, recurrent inflammatory infection, transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick
lyne disease
degenerative joing disease - the most common form of arthritis and results from wear and tear on the joints
osteoarthritis
chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease that affects multiple joints of the body - mainly the small peripheral joints
rheumatoid arthritis
injury involving the ligaments that surround and support a joint, caused by a wrenching or twisting motion
sprain
chronic, inflammatory connective tissue disease affecting the skin, joints, nervous system, kidneys, lungs, and other organs
systemic lupus erythematosus
(SLE)
the surgical puncture of a joint with a needle for the purpose of withdrawing fluid for analysis
arthrocentesis
the process of x-raying the inside of a joint, after a contract medium has been injected into the joint
arthrography
the surgical repair of a joint
arthroplasty
the visualization of the interior of a joint using and endeoscope
arthroscopy
a blood test that measures the presence of unusual antibodies that develop in a number of connective tissue diseases
rheumatoid factor test
a blood test that measures the rate at which erythrocytes (red blood cells) settle to the bottom of a test tube filled with unclotted blood
erythrocyte sedimentation (sed) rate
DIP
distal inerphalangeal
LLE
left lower extremity
LUE
left upper extremity
MCP
metacarpophalangeal (joint)
MTP
metatarsophalangeal (joint)
PIP
proximal interphalangeal (joint)
RA
rheumatoid arthritis
RF
rheumatoid factor
RLE
right lower extremity
RUE
right upper extremity
sed rate
sedimentation rate
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus