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90 Cards in this Set

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abeyance
n suspended action
the deal was haeld in abeyance until her arrival.
abjure
v renounce upon oath
he abjured his allegiance to the king
abnegation
renunciation; self sacrifice
though rudolph and duchess flavia loved one another, their loved was doomed for she had to wed the king; their act of abnegation was necessary to preserve the kingdom
abominate
loathe, hate
moses scolded the idol worshippers of the tribe because he abominated the custom
abortive
unsucessful, fruitless
attacked by the troops, the chinese students had to abandon their abortive attempt to democratize beijing peacefully
abrogate
abolish
the king inteneded to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor
abscission
cutting off; separation
when a leaf separates naturally from a parent plant, the process is called abscission
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
ascetics were abstemious
abstruse
obscure; profound, difficult to understand
baffled by the abstuces philosophical texts assigned in class, dave asked lexy to explain kant's critique of Pure reason
abysmal
bottomless
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill
the car could not go up the acclivity in high gear
accoutre
equip. the fisherman was accoutred with the best that the sprting goods store could supply
accrue
come about by addition
interests accrues on debt
acme
peak, pinnacle
acrophobia
fear of heights
acuate
motivate
I fail to understand what actuated you to reply to the letter so nastily
acute
brief and severe
adherent
supporter; follower
adjunct
something added on or attached (inferior or nonessential)
adjuration
solemn urging
her adjuration to tell the truth did not change the witnesses testimony
adventitious
accidental or casual; by chance
she found this adventitious meeting with her friend extremely fortunate
advert
refer to
since you advert to this matter frequently, you must regard it as important
aegis
shield, defense
under the aegis of the bill of Rights, we enjoy our most treasured freedoms
aggrandize
increase or intensify
raise in power, wealth, rank or honor
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence of a god or any ultimate reality
agnostics say we cannot prove or disprove a god, we simply do not know
alimentary
supplying nourishment
alimentary canal
alloy
n mixture, as of metals
v. mix, make less pure, lessen or moderate
our delight at the mets victory was alloyed by our concern for al laites, who injured his pitching arm in the game
amenable
easily managed or willing to be lead; answerable or accountable legally
amity
friendship
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
the ayatolla khomeini heaped anatema upon the United states
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxillary
dr. Watson was ancillary to sherlock holmnes
animadversion
critical remark
he resented the critical remarks of his critics, esp because he realized they were true
animus
hostile feeling or intent
the animus of the speaker became evident as he began to indule in sarcastic and insulting remarks
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by ehating and cooling
glass is strengthend through annealing
anodyne
drug that relieves pain; opiate
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
antipathy
aversion; dislike
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
aphorism
pity remark or maxim
apiary
a place where bees are kept
aplomb
poise, reassurance
apocalyptic
prophetic, pertaining to revelations
apocryphal
untrue; made up
apogee
highest point
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
apothegem
pothy, compact saying
apotheosis
elevation into godhood; an ideal example of something
the apotheosis of a roman emperor was designed to ensure his eternal greatness
apposite
appropriate
she was always able to use the apposite phrase
approbation
approval
appurtenances
subordinate possessions
he bought the estate and all its appurtenances
apropos
with reference to, regarding
aquiline
curved; hooked
he can be recognized by his aquiline nose, curved like an eagles beak
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute
judge is an arbiter
arbitrate = to judge
arcade
covered passageway lined with shops
argot
slang
aria
operatic solo
arraign
charge in court; indictment
array
marshal, draw up in order
his actions were bound to array public sentiment against him
arrears
being in debt
he was in arrears with his payments on the car
arroyo
gully
mendacity
lying; habitually dishonest
lugubrious
mournful
the lugubrious howling of the dogs added to our sadness
mendicant
beggar
philology
study of languages
ingenuous
free from reserve, restraint, or dissimulation; candid; sincere; artless; innocent; naive.
disingenuous
lacking in frankness, candor, or sincerity
auger (tool)
boring tool, similar to but larger than a gimlet, consisting of a bit rotated by a transverse handle
used for carpentry
autocrat
1. A ruler having unlimited power; a despot.
2. A person with unlimited power or authority: a corporate autocrat.
trowel
–noun
1. any of various tools having a flat blade with a handle, used for depositing and working mortar, plaster, etc.
2. a similar tool with a curved, scooplike blade, used in gardening for taking up plants, turning up earth, etc.
–verb (used with object)
3. to apply, shape, smooth, or dig with or as if with a trowel.
apostate
1.a person who forsakes his religion, cause, party, etc.
eulogy
1.a speech or writing in praise of a person or thing, esp. a set oration in honor of a deceased person.
2.high praise or commendation.
prodigal
–adjective
1. wastefully or recklessly extravagant: prodigal expenditure.
2. giving or yielding profusely; lavish (usually fol. by of or with): prodigal of smiles; prodigal with money.
3. lavishly abundant; profuse: nature's prodigal resources.
–noun
4. a person who spends, or has spent, his or her money or substance with wasteful extravagance; spendthrift.
inane
adjective
1. lacking sense, significance, or ideas; silly: inane questions.
2. empty; void.
–noun
3. something that is empty or void, esp. the void of infinite space.
encomium
a formal expression of high praise; eulogy: An encomium by the President greeted the returning hero.
elison
2. (Gram.) The cutting off or suppression of a vowel or syllable, for the sake of meter or euphony; esp., in poetry, the dropping of a final vowel standing before an initial vowel in the following word, when the two words are drawn together.
stickler
–noun
1. a person who insists on something unyieldingly (usually fol. by for): a stickler for ceremony.
2. any puzzling or difficult problem.
vouchsafe
–verb (used with object)
1. to grant or give, as by favor, graciousness, or condescension: to vouchsafe a reply to a question.
2. to allow or permit, as by favor or graciousness: They vouchsafed his return to his own country.
–verb (used without object)
3. to condescend; deign.
itinerant
–adjective
1. traveling from place to place, esp. on a circuit, as a minister, judge, or sales representative; itinerating; journeying.
2. characterized by such traveling: itinerant preaching.
3. working in one place for a comparatively short time and then moving on to work in another place, usually as a physical or outdoor laborer; characterized by alternating periods of working and wandering: an itinerant farm hand.
–noun
4. a person who alternates between working and wandering.
5. a person who travels from place to place, esp. for duty or business.
prolix
–adjective
1. extended to great, unnecessary, or tedious length; long and wordy.
2. (of a person) given to speaking or writing at great or tedious length.
cavil
–verb (used without object)
1. to raise irritating and trivial objections; find fault with unnecessarily (usually fol. by at or about): He finds something to cavil at in everything I say.
–verb (used with object)
2. to oppose by inconsequential, frivolous, or sham objections: to cavil each item of a proposed agenda.
timorous
–adjective
1. full of fear; fearful: The noise made them timorous.
2. subject to fear; timid.
3. characterized by or indicating fear: a timorous whisper.
asinine
stupid
asperity
sharpness of temper
aspersion
slanderous remark
assiduous
diligent
astigmatism
eye defent that prevents proper focus
apposite
appropriate; fitting
astral
relating to the stars
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents
attenuate
make thin, weaken