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353 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abjure
renounce or reject solemnly, to recant
abrogate
abolish or annul by authority
abscission
act of cutting off or removing
acarpous
no longer fertile; worn out
accretion
growth; building up
admonish
to reprove, to express warning or disapproval
adroit
dextrous; adept
adumbrate
to suggest sketchily; to obscure, to foreshadow
anathema
a religious curse; thoroughly loathed person/thing
anodyne
soothing; something that assuages pain or comforts
antipathy
aversion; dislike
antithetical
diametrically opposed; antithesis
apocryphal
of dubious authenticity or origin; spurious
apogee
highest point; zenith; culmination
apostate
one who abandons long-held religious or political beliefs
apotheosis
deification; glorification to godliness
apposite
appropriate; relevant, pertinent, apropos
apprise
give notice to, to inform
arabesque
a complex, ornate design;
arcane
mysterious; esoteric; knowable only to initiates
arrant
impudent; utter (What arrant nonsense!)
artless
completely without guile, without artificiality
ascetic
someone practicing self-denial,
asperity
severity; harshness
aspersion
act of defamation or maligning;
assay
an analysis; examination
asseverate
to allege, to aver
assiduous
diligent; sedulous
attenuate
to weaker; to make thinner
augury
omen; portent
auspice
patronage; protection or support
auspicious
favorable, propitious; prosperous
aver
to assert, to prove, to justify
baleful
sinister, pernicious,
bane
poison, cause of injury
beatify
to bless; to regard as saintly, to ascribe a virtue to
bedizen
to adorn, esp. in a cheap showy manner, to festoon
belie
to misrepresent, give false impression of
bellicose
warlike, pugnacious
bilge
bulge; the protuberance of a cask
blandish
to toady or fawn
blithe
merry; carefree; casual,
a blithe, smiling face
or: a blithe disregard
boisterous
loud, noisy
boor
rude or insensitive person, lout
burnish
to polish, to rub to a shine
byzantine
labyrithine; complex
cabal
a scheme or plot, group of plotters, cell
eg. a cabal of dissidents
cachinnate
to laugh loudly
cadge
to sponge or mooch
eg. he eats whenever he can cadge a meal
calumniate
to slander, make a false accusation
calumny
slander, aspersion
caparison
to adorn or bedizen;
be decked out = be caparison
captious
tending to find fault or raise objections; caviling
caret
(^)
cavil
to find fault with no good reason
celerity
alacrity; speed
chasten
to correct, chastize
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot
chimera
an illusion
churlish
boorish, vulgar, loutish,
coalesce
to unite, come together, fuse
coda
concluding section of literary or music piece
coeval
coexisting, of the same period
commensurate
matching, corresponding in degree, size or amount
e.g salary will be commensurated with experience
contemn
to scorn or despise
contumacious
insubordinate; rebellious
corrigible
reparable, correctable
countenance
approve of, tolerate; composure
cozen
to deceive, beguile, hoodwink
craven
lacking courage, fainthearted
curmudgeon
misanthrope, crusty ill-tempered coot
daunt
to cow or dismay
debacle
fiasco,
decorous
correct, formal
defalcate
to embezzle or misappropriate
denigrate
to belittle, defame, sully, disparage
denouement
an outcome, or solution; finale, coda
deposition
accretion; depositing; official testimony
deprecate
disparage or belittle
depredate
exploit in predatory manner; destroy; ravage
descant
to comment at length (talked tediously)
descry
discriminate or discern
desuetude
a state of disuse

eg: the docks fell into desuetude
desultory
random, thoughtless; cursory
detraction
slander, verbal attack; aspersion; belittling
diaphanous
transparent; gauzy; sheer

eg: a diaphanous dress of gold
diffident
reserved, shy; lack of self-confidence
dilatory
causing delay, procrastinating
dirge
a song of grief and lamentation
disaffect
to estrange or alienate the affection of

eg: disaffected =dissatisfied
discomfit
to defeat; to put down

eg: her kiss on the cheek discomfits him even more
discursive
digressive; passing from one topic to another
eg: students always write dull, discursive prose
dissolution
disintegration; looseness of morals
distention
the state of extending or being swollen out of shape
distrait
distracted; absented-minded, especially due to anxiety
doggerel
trivial, poorly constructed verse
dulcet
melodious; mellifluous; harmonious;

eg: the dulcet sounds of the zither
dynamo
generator; forceful energetic person

eg: She was a dynamo in London politics
eclectic
culled from many sources
edacious
voracious, devouring
edifying
enlightening

eg: edifying literature
effluvia
an unpleasant or harmful odor, secretion or discharge
eg: the unwholesome effluvia of decaying vegetable matter
effrontery
boldness; imprudence, arrogance; audacity
eg: she had the effrontery to challenge the coroner's decision
effusive
gushing, excessively demonstrative

eg: effusive compliments
egress
exit

eg: a narrow egress
access and egress =enter and exit
encomium
glowing and enthusiastic praise; panegyric; tribute; eulogy
endemic
restricted or peculiar to a particular region; indigenous

eg: a marsupial endemic to that part of Australia
engender
to give rise to; to cause; to produce
enormity
excessive wickedness; evilness

eg: the enormity of his regime, the enormity of his crimes
ephemeral
evanescent; fleeting; short-lived
epicure
one devoted to sensual pleasure, particularly in food and drink; gourmand; sybarite
episodic
loosely connected; not flowing logically
epithet
disparaging word or phrase
epitome
quintessence; embodiment
equanimity
composure; self-possession
equipose
equilibrium; equal distribution of weight
errant
traveling; itinerant; peripatetic
eschew
to avoid, shun
estimable
worthy; formidable
evince*
to show clearly; to indicate

eg: his letters evince the feelings he felt
excoriate*
to censure scathingly; to upbraid

eg: the papers that were excoriating him were now lauding him; he was excoriated in the press
exegesis
critical examination; explication

eg: an exegesis of Marx; biblical exegesis
exemplar
model; ideal; standard
expatiate
to discourse; to comment at length; to descant
expiate
to atone or make amends for
expostulate
to argue earnestly in order to dissuade, correct or protest; Express strong disagreement
eg: I expostulated with him in vain
expurgate*
to censor; to remove obscenity; to purify

eg: the book that has been expurgated for use in schools
exscind
to cut out or extirpate
extant
existing; not destroyed or lost
extirpate*
to destroy; to exterminate; to cut out; to exscind

eg: those who tried to extirpate Christianity
fallow*
dormant; inactive; untilled
eg: a fallow farmland; a fallow trading period
fatuous*
silly, inanely foolish
eg: the irritation of fatuous questions
feckless
irresponsible; ineffectual
eg: the feckless bum has not gotten off our sofa for days
felicitous
apt; suitably-expressed; well-chosen apropos;
fetid*
stinking; smelly, malodorous
eg: a fetid pile of trash
fetter*
to shackle, put in chains
eg: the prisoner was fettered
filigree
an ornamental work, especially of delicate lacelike pattern

eg: decorated with gold filigree
florid
flowerly; ornate; ruddy

eg: florid prose
foment
to rouse; to incite; to stir up
eg: they accused him of fomenting civil unrest
forbearance*
patience, willingness to wait;
eg: we are proud of the forbearance you have demonstrated during this difficult period
forestall
to act in a way to hinder; to prevent an action; to avert; (or preempt)
eg: vitamins may forestall many diseases of aging
forswear*
to renounce; to disallow; to repudiate

eg: we are formally forswearing the use of chemical weapons
fracas
noisy quarrel; imbroglio; brawl

eg: the fracas in the alley drew the attention of the police
fractious*
quarrelsome; rebellious; unruly; refractory; irritable
eg: they quarrel like fractious children; the fractious opposite party
frieze
a semi-sculptural, raised surface ornamental facade to a building
froward*
intractable; not willing to yield or comply; recalcitrant
gainsay
to deny; dispute; contradict; to oppose

eg: it was difficult to gainsay his claim
gambol
to skip about playfully

eg: lambs gamboled in the pasture
garner
to gather and save; to store up

eg: he garnered ideas from his travels; the crop was ready to be reaped and garnered
gauche
crude; tasteless; awkward

eg: Rose was embarrassed by her gauche relatives
gossamer
delicate; insubstantial or tenuous; insincere

eg: a gossamer veil
guile
artfulness; trickery; chicanery; duplicity
hallow*
to consecrate; to make holy

eg: the Ganges is hallowed as a sacred, cleansing river
harrow*
to distress, to create stress, to torment
eg: a harrowing film about racism and violence
heretical
unorthodox; iconoclastic; dissenting from established dogma
hermetic*
sealed by fusion; airtight

eg: a hermetic seal that ensures perfect waterproofing
heterodox
unorthodox; heretical; iconoclastic
hirsute
hairy; shaggy
eg: his hirsute chest
homily; homiletics
a sermon or morally instructive lecture;
the art of preaching
eg: a guest preacher delivered today's homily
iconoclastic
unorthodox; heretical; attacking cherished beliefs
idyll
a carefree and light-hearted pastoral/romantic episode; a literary/ musical piece describing such
ignominious*
dishonorable; undignified; shameful; ignoble
eg: the president made an ignominious exit after 2 months in power
imbroglio*
a difficult / embarrassing situation;
quagmire;

eg: the Watergate imbroglio
impassive
expressionless; stoic; stold; unsusceptible to emotion; apathetic; phlegmatic
eg: he remained impassive throughout the hearing of his case
imperious*
commanding; masterful; arrogant; domineering; haughty

eg: his imperious demands
importune*
to beg; to ask incessantly; to nag

eg: he importuned her for some spare change
impugn
to attack / assail verbally; to censure; to execrate

eg: are you impugning my judgement?
impute*
to ascribe; to attribute to a cause/source (something undesirable)

eg: the crimes imputed to him
indefatigable
tirelessness; doggedness

eg: indefatigable defender of human rights
indolent
lazy; listless; torpid
eg: those who choose to be indolent will not benefit from our self-help program
ineluctable*
inevitable; certain; unavoidable
eg: the ineluctable facts of history
ingenuous
guileless; trusting; naive; credulous
inherent
ingrained within one's nature; intrinsic; innate; firmly established
inimical
hostile; adverse; unfriendly
eg: an inimical alien power
inimitable
one of a kind; peerless
eg: the master is inimitable
iniquity
gross injustice; wickedness; immoral /unfair behavior
eg: the brothel is a den of iniquity
innervate
to supply with nerves; to embolden; to energize
inscrutable
eg: he was a genius with inscrutable motives
insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; unaffected; numb
insouciant
eg: only outwardly did he possess a insouciant attitude towards the disease
insular
parochial; narrow-minded
interdict
to prohibit; to ban; to halt; to forbid
eg: an interdict against marriage of those of close kin; society will never interdict sex
inveigh
to attack verbally; to denounce; to deprecate
eg: Marx inveighed against the evils of the property-owning class
inveterate
deep-rooted; ingrained; habitual
eg: an inveterate gambler
involute
intricate; complex; convoluted
eg: the art novel has become increasingly involute
itinerate
travelling from place to place; peregrinate
jejune
vapid; uninteresting; immature; puerile
eg: their entirely predictable and jejune opinions
jibe*
to agree; to be in accord
eg: the verdict does not jibe with the medical evidence
jocose, jocular
humorous; gay; blithe
eg: she sounded in a jocular mood
labile*
readily open to change; unstable
lachrymose
tearful; causing tears
eg: a lachrymose children's classic
lambaste
to censure; to excoriate; to berate
eg: the coach was lambasted in the media
lassitude*
listlessness; languor; weariness
eg: prolonged periods of lassitude
libertine
someone unstrained by morality or convention ; debauchee
limn
to draw; to outline in detail; to delineate; to describe
eg: the moon limned each shred with gold
limpid*
transparent; serene; clear; untroubled; pellucid
eg: his limpid prose
lubricious*
lewd; wanton; greasy; slippery
luculent*
easily understood; lucid; clear
macerate*
to waste away; to soften or wear away by excessive fasing or by excessive steeping
maculate
marked with spots/blotches; besmirched; impure
maunder*
to digress; to meander; to stray away from topic/path
mellifluous
sweetly flowing; usually used to describe use of words
mendicant
beggar; supplicant
meretricious*
cheap; gaudy; tawdry; flashy; showy
metamorphose
to transform; to change utterly
mettle*
strength of spirit; courage; stamina
mettlesome
courageous; high-spirited
militate
to have weight; to bear on; to argue(against)
minatory
menacing; threatening
misogynist
one who hates women/females
multifarious
varied; motley; greatly diversified
natty
trimly neat and tidy; smart
nexus
a connection; tie or link
nonplused
baffled; in a quandary; at a loss for what to say or do
eg: the hostility of the new neighbor left her nonplused
nostrum
panacea; cure-all; placebo; questionable remedy; palliative; UNIVERSAL CURE
nugatory
trifling; inconsequential
eg: a nugatory and pointless observation
peccadillo
slight offense; petty crime; minor sin
obloquy
abusively detractive language; sharp criticism; calumny

eg: there is no moral obloquy connected with getting drunk in Japan
obstreperous
unruly; noisy; loud

eg: the hotel was accustomed to dealing with obstreperous guests
officious
meddlesome; pushy in one's service

eg: an officious bystander came along
ossified
tending to become more rigid; conventional; turned into bone;
ostensible
seeming; appearing as such; professed
overweening
presumptously arrogant; supercilious; overbearing
palliate
eg: there is no way to palliate his deed; this medicine works only to palliate symptoms
panegyric
formal praise; eulogy; encomium
paradigm
a model; example or pattern; exemplar
pariah
an outcase; a rejected or despised person
parry
to block; to evade or ward off a blow
parsimonious
cheap; miserly
partisan
committed to a party; biased /prejudiced; supporter; adherent
paucity
scarcity; a lacking of
reactionary
conservative; right-winged
pellucid
transparent; easy to understand; limpid
penchant
strong inclination; a liking

eg: a penchant
peregrination
traveling about; wandering
peremptory*
insisting on immediate attention; admitting of no contradiction; haughty; imperious
eg: he issued a peremptory order
perigee
closest/ lowest point in orbit; nadir
peripatetic
itinerant; traveling; nomadic
peroration
the concluding part of speech, typically intended to inspire audience; grandiloquent speech
personable
pleasing in apperance; attractive
petrous*
like a rock; hard; stony
petulant*
impatient; irritable

eg: he was moody and petulant
philistine
a person who is indifferent/hostile to culture/arts and guided by material rather; uncultured
eg: philistine goverment
phlegmatic
impassive; stoical; lethargic; sluggish
picaresque -- Picaro
involving clever rogues/adventurers
picaro=rogue
pillory*
to punish; hold up to public scorn
*a wooden framework for head and hands for prisoners*
eg:He was pilloried by the press
piquant
agreeably pungent; stimulating; pleasantly sharp taste

eg: a piquant sauce; a piquant story
pique
resentment; to annoy; irritate; to provoke; to arouse
eg:he left in a fit of pique; his curiosity was piqued; she was piqued by his neglect
placebo
a measure designed to calm/please/soothe someone
plangent
pounding; thundering; resounding

eg: a plangent moan
plumb
to measure depth; to examine critically

eg: she had plumbed the depths of depravity
poignant
distressing; pertinent; touching; stimulating; emotional

eg: they read the poignant letters of the victims' children
poseur
poser, affected person
prate
to chatter; to babble as in prattle
precarious
uncertain; risky; dangerous
precept
rule establishing the standards of conduct
precis
concise summary of essential points
preempt
to replace; to supersede; to appropriate
profligate
spendthrift; prodigal; wildly extravagant
prolix
long-winded; verbose
propinquity
nearness in time or place; proximity

eg: he kept his distance as though afraid that propinquity might lead him into temptation
propitiate*
to appease; to conciliate; placate
eg: my attempts to propitiate you are useless
proscribe*
to ostracize; to banish; to outlaw

eg: the book was proscribed by the Church
provident
frugal; looking to the future; economical

eg: she was provident enough to be able to buy her first house at 24
puerile*
childish; immature

eg: you're too old for these puerile outbursts
pugnacious
warlike; contentious; contumacious; belligerent
puissance*
great power; strength
punctilious
precise; paying attention to correct behavior/etiquette; meticulous

eg: he was punctilious in providing every amenity to the guests
pundit
an authority on a subject; one who gives opinions

eg: an economics pundit
pusillanimous
cowardly; craven
querulous
habitually complaining; whining
raffish
tawdry; flashy; meretricious; low; vulgar; base
ramify: ramifications
to be divided or subdivided; to branch out; consequences
eg: a ramified genealogical network; what are the legal ramifications of this?
rapacious
voracious; greedy; plundering

eg: He has falled for a rapacious gold-digger
rebus*
riddle; representation of words by pictures or symbols

2 b or not 2 b
recidivism
relapse into antisocial or criminal behavior
recondite
arcane; abstruse; profound;
reconnaissance
preliminary survey to gain information especially about the enemy

eg: an excellent aircraft for low-level reconnaisance
reconnoiter
to engage in reconnaisance
recreant
cowardly; pusillanimous; craven; coward
recumbent
leaning; resting; prone; lying down
redolent
fragrant; suggestive or evocative;
eg: the church was redolent of incense; their names were redolent of the Bible
refractory
fractious; unruly; intractable; stubborn; unmanageable
regale
to delight or entertain; to feast
remonstrate
to protest; to object
repine
to long for; to express dejection or discontent

eg: you mustn't let yourself repine
repudiate
to disown; disavow; reject as untrue
resolute
irresolute; steadfast; adamant; determined
rubric
heading; title or category

eg: policy matters are
rue
to regret; to feel remorse or sorrow
runic
mysterious; magical
sagacious
having sound judgment; perceptive; wise
salacious
obscene
salient
prominent; protruding; conspicuous; relevant; important

eg: the most salient point is; the salient points of the case
salutary
wholesome; causing improvement; favorable to health
eg: the salutary Atlantic air; a salutary reminder of where we came from
sanctimony
self-righteousness
sanguine
optimistic; cheerful; confident
satiate
to surfeit; to overindulge
saturnine
gloomy; dark; sullern; morose
seine
a large net dragged to catch fish
seminal
originative; constituting a source; like a seed; GROUNDBREAKING
eg: her paper is a seminal work on the subject
sententious
epigrammatic; tending to moralize excessively; aphoristic/moralistic

eg: your new churchy friends have certainly made you sententious
sidereal
relating to stars
simper
smirk; silly smile
sinecure
position requiring little or no work and usually providing an income
sinuous
winding; undulating; serpentine
slake
to satisfy / quench (thirst)

eg: slake your thirst with some lemonade
sodden
soaked/drenched; unimaginative; dull
solder
to weld; fuse; or join
sophistry
fallacious reasoning; faulty logic esp with the intention of deceiving

eg: to claim this is pure sophistry; this argument is full of sophistries
sophomoric
self-assured though immature; affected; bombastic; lacking maturity
splenetic
irritable; bad-tempered
stanch
to stop the flow of fluid
stentorian
extremely loud and powerful

eg: his stentorian voice resonated throughout the theater
stint
to restrain; to be sparing or frugal

eg: he doesn't stint on wining and dining
striated
striped; grooved; banded
stygian
gloomy; dark
succor
assistance; relief in time of distress

eg: prisoners of war were liberated and succored
sundry
miscellaneous; various; separate
supercilious
disdainful; haughty; arrogant
supine
mentally/morally slack; spineless (ant: strong); prone; lying on one's back
eg: the supine media
suppliant
supplicant; asking humbly; beseeching
supplicant
mendicant; beggar;
tamp
to plug; drive in/down by a series of blows

eg: he tamped down the tobacco with his thumb
tautology
repetition; a redundancy
tawdry
gaudy; cheap; showy; tacky; meretricious
tendentious
biased; showing marked tendencies
timorous
timid; diffident; fearful
toady
sycophant; flatterer
torrid
ardent; passionate; scorching

eg: a torrid affair
tractable
easily led; obedient; docile
travesty
parody; mockery; caricature
tumid
swollen

eg: a tumid belly
turbid
roiled; muddy; clouded to the point of being opaque; murky

eg: turbid waters
turgid
swollen; tumid; thick; pompous; bombastic
eg: turgid prose; his tissues have become turgid
turpitude
depravity; wickedness; prurience

eg: acts of moral turpitude
tyro
novice; greenhorn; rank amateur
umbrage
pique; resentment; offense

eg: she took umbrage at that remark
undulate
to move in a wavelike fashion; to fluctuate
untoward
perverse; unruly; unseemly; inappropriate
eg: an untoward racial remark; untoward behavior
upbraid
to censure; rebuke; scold; chastise
usury
the practice of charging an exorbitant/illegal rate of interest
vaunt
brag or boast
venal
capable of being bought or bribed; mercenary; purchasable
venerate
to revere; to worship
verisimilitude
appearance of truth or reality; believability;
eg: The detail gives the novel some verisimilitude; the ~ of her performance is gripping
veritable
authentic; honest-to-goodness; bona fide
eg: a veritable price explosion
virago
loud domineering woman; a scold/nag
vitiate
to pervert; debase; spoil; make ineffective
eg: develpment programs have been vitiated by the rise in population
volubility
fluency; verbosity; easy use of spoken language
waft
to cause to move as if by a light breeze

eg: smoke wafted through the air; each breeze would waft the pollen around the house
welter
to be in turmoil; to writhe; to toss about

eg: the streams foam and welter
wend
to go; to proceed; to walk

eg: they wended their way across the city