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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Jews from Europe
ashkenazi
Jews from the Middle East
sefardic
5 Books of Moses
genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, deuteronomy
Nevi'im
prophets
Ketuvim
writings
sefer torah
torah scroll
yad
torah pointer; shaped like a hand
aron
ark holding the torah
parashah
torah portion
haftarah
reading from Nevi'im
Septuagunt
greek version of the old testament
mitzvah
commandments (613)
halakah
jewish religious law
aggadah
texts in classic literature
Pharisees
political party
Sadducees
political party; reject rabbis interpretation of the bible
Essenes
jewish mystics
Mishna
oral law of the Jewish people
6 parts of the Mishna
agriculture; festivals; women; cultural law; holy things; purities
tosefta
2nd compelation of jewish law
beraita
teachings outside of the mishna
gemara
rabbic commentaries
talmund
rabbinic disscussions pertaining to jewish law
tractate
a section or portion of the talmund
midrash
a way of interpretating the torah
amora
jewish scholars
semhedim
assembly of 23 judges
shema
first 2 words of a torah portion
haggadah
passover sedar reading
karaites
jewish denomination relying on the TaNaKH; rejects the oral torah
YHWH
god
Abraham
father of the hebrews; genesis
Issac
second patriarch; Abrahams promised son
Jacob
3rd patriarch
David
2nd king of Israel
Solomon
3rd king of Israel
Israel
northern kingdom
Judah
southern kingdom
Ezra
edited the torah ; recognized jewish life in Israel after Babylonian captivity
Maccabees
followers of judah