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39 Cards in this Set

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gritty
adj 有砂礫的,勇敢的

as gritty as burned toast
pockmarked
adj 佈達凹痕的,凹坑的,凹洞的;
有痘痕的,有痲子的

pockmarked by glacial craters
crater
n 火山口
v 使成坑

glacial craters
boulder
n 大圓石,巨礫

sprinkled with boulders
terrain
n 岩層,地勢,地面

the terrain in southern Iceland
moss
n 苔蘚,地衣
vt 長苔蘚,地衣

field of bumpy lava blanketed
with moss
fume
n 冒煙,發怒
v 冒煙,發怒

distant fumes
bumpy
adj. 崎嶇不平的,坑坑窪窪的,顛簸的

fields of bumpy lava
sprinkle
v 灑,噴淋;撒,使星星點點地分佈於;點綴

n 撒在面上的屑狀物,少量(散佈著的東西),稀疏小雨

sprinkled with boulders
gallop
n (馬等的)疾馳,飛跑
v (馬等的)疾馳,飛跑

galloped forward in violent surges
jokulhlaups
glacial outburst flood

冰河爆發洪水
geologic
adj 地質上的,地質學的

no geologic remnant of
the distant past
remnant
n 剩餘,遺跡,
adj 殘餘的

no geologic remnant of
the distant past
outburst
n (情感,力量)迸發,(火山)爆發,噴發

glacial outburst floods
cloak
n 遮蓋物
vt 遮蓋,掩飾

Glacial ice cloaks
10 percent of Iceland
geothermal
adj 地熱的

a simmering cauldron of
geothermal activity
straddle
n 跨立於,雜亂地伸展,觀望
v
ridge
n 脊背,山脊
v

the mid-Atlantic ridge
stimmer
n (火山)即將爆發的狀態,(開水)沸騰的狀態
v (火山)即將爆發,(開水)沸騰,燉

a simmering cauldron of
geothermal activity
Atlantic
n 大西洋
adj

the mid-Atlantic ridge
cauldron
n 大鍋,大汽鍋

a simmering cauldron
glacial
adj 冰河的

glacial ice
geophysics
n 地球物理學

a professor of geophysics
catastrophe
n 大災禍,慘敗

To head off catastrophe
exquisitely
adv 強烈地,精緻地

an extensive, exquisitely sensitive
monitoring system
magma
n 岩漿

pressurized magma oozes toward
the surface of the volcano
ooz
n 滲流,分泌物
v 滲出,冒出

pressurized magma oozes toward
the surface of the volcano
lid
n 蓋子

a lid on a giant pressure cooker
Fahrenheit
n 華氏

2200 degrees Fahrenheit
plume
n 羽狀物(eg.煙雲,雲層)
v

sending vast plumes of steam
steam
n 蒸汽
v

sending vast plumes of steam
meteorological
adj 氣象(學)的

the Icelandic Meteorological Office
graze
n 放牧,吃草
v

hundreds of heads of livestock grazing nearby
static
n 靜電,靜態
adj 靜電的,靜態的

high static charges
electrocution
n 觸電死亡,電刑處死

killed by electrocution
seismic
adj 地震的

the seismic monitoring system
tremor
n 震動,微動,震顫
v

detect tremors greater than
a magnitude of 1
seismometer
n 地震儀

conventional seismometers
lightning strikes
閃電