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17 Cards in this Set

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What are colloids
substance such as proteins or starches consisting of large molecules
What is the primary fluid used prehospital
Crystalloids , substances capable of crystallization in lolution unlike colloids they can diffuse through a membrane
What are HBOCs
Hemoglobin based oxygen carrying solution
polyheme and hemopure
What is tonicity
solute concentration or osmotic pressure relative to the blood plasma or body cells
What is lactate ringer
this is an isotonic electrolyte solution of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, calcium chloride and sodium lactate in water
Wha tis D5W
i A HYPOTONIC GLUCOSE SOLUTION USED TO KEEP A
What are the 3 most common fluids used in prehospital
lactate ringer
normal saline
D5W
when you have high ion concentration on the Ph scale what does that mean
Low PH
what is the normal Ph range
7.35 to 7.45
How much can the Ph vary befor it becomes fatal
0.4
What are the three types of body regulation for Ph
Buffer
Respiratory
Renal
What is the fastest Ph regulator in the body
Buffer
What is respiratory acidosis
acidity caused by abnormal retention of carbon dioxide resulting from impaired ventilation
What is respiratory alkalosis
alkalinity caused by excessive elimination of carbon dioxide resulting from increased repirations
what is metabolic acidosis
acidity caused by an increase in acid often because of increased production of acids during metabolism or from causes such as vomiting, diarrhea, diabetes or medication
Whatis metabolic alkalosis
alkalinity caused be an increase in plasma bicarbonate resulting from causes including diuresis, vomiting or ingestion of too much sodium bicarbonate
What would increasing respirations and ascending toa a high altitude cause
repiratory alkalosis