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51 Cards in this Set

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basso (n)
lowest male voice; bass
baritone (n)
male voice between bass and tenor
tenor (n)
adult male voice between baritone and alto
alto (n)
1.highest male voice; countertenor
2.lowest female voice; contralto
falsetto
artificially high voice
contralto
lowest female voice
mezzo-soprano
female voice between contralto and soprano
soprano
highest voice in women and boys
coloratura
1.vocal music ornamented with runs and trills
2.soprano specializing in such music
grave
slow (slowest tempo in music)
largo
slow and dignified; stately
adagio
slow; in an easy, graceful manner
lento
slow
andante
moderately slow, but flowing
moderato
in moderate time
allegro
brisk; quick; lively
vivace
brisk; spirited
presto
(adv. or adj.) quick
prestissimo
(adv. or adj.) at a very rapid pace
crescendo
gradually increasing (or a gradual increase) in force or loudness
decrescendo
gradually decreasing (or a gradual decrease) in force or loudness; diminuendo
dolce
soft; sweet
forte
loud
fortissimo
very loud
pianissimo
very soft
piano
soft
sforzando
accented; stressed
a cappella
without musical accompaniment, as to a cappella or in an a cappella choir
arpeggio
1. playing of the tones of a chord in rapid succession
2. chord thus played
legato
smooth and connected
pizzicato
by means of plucking the strings instead of using the bow
staccato
with breaks between successive notes; diconnected; abrupt
tremolo
rapid ("trembling") repetition of a tone or chord, without apparent breaks, to express emotion
vibrato
slightly throbbing or pulsating effect, adding warmth and beauty to the tone
aria
air, melody, or tune; especially, an elaborate, accompanied melody for a single voice in an opera
bravura
1. piece of music requiring skill and spirit in the performer
2. display of daring or brilliance
cantata
composite voice and instrumental work, as one for soloists and chorus accompanied by a small orchestra
concerto
long musical composition for one or more principal instruments with orchestral accompaniment
duet
1. piece of music for two voices or instruments
2. two singers or players performing together; duo
finale
close or termination, as the last section of a musical composition
intermezzo
1. short musical or dramatic entertainment between the acts of a play
2. short musical piece either standing as an independent work or coming between the main parts of an extended composition
libretto
text or words of an opera or other long musical composition
opera
play mostly sung, with costumes, scenery, action, and music
oratorio
musical composition, usually on a religious theme, for solo voices, chorus, and orchestra
scherzo
light or playful part of a sonata or symphony
solo
1. piece of music for one voice or instrument
2. anything done without a partner
sonata
piece of music (for one or two instruments) having three or four movements in contrasted rhythms but related tonality
trio
1. piece of music for three voices or instruments
2. three singers or players performing together
tutti (adv.)
all (a direction for all the instruments or voices to perform together)
tutti (n)
section of musical composition played by all the performers
cameo
1. gem or medallion cute in relief