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15 Cards in this Set

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I am going to school now.
He is working at home today.
I think therefore I am.
Io vado a scuola adesso.(501 a1)
Lei lavora a cosa oggi. (BG 2)
Io Penso; dunque io sono.(501 a2)

Present indicative use #1
An action or state of being at the present time; an ongoing action in the present.
I go to the library every day or I do go to the library every day.
They always go dancing on Saturday.
I always arrive a five.
Do you have a cup of coffee every day?
Io vado alla biblioteca ogni giorni.(501 b)
Vanno sempre in discoteca il sabato. (BG 3b)
Prendi un caffè ogni giorni? (BG 3a)
Arrivo sempre alle cinque. (U PRES 5)

Present indicative use #2
A habitual action.
Two and two are four.
Seeing is believing.
Water boils at 100 degrees.
The Po is the longest river in Italy.
Due e due fanno quattro.(501 c1)
Il vedere è credere.(501 c2)
L'acqua bolle a 100 gradi.(BG #1)
Il Po è il fiume più lungo dItalia.(U PRES 6)

Present indicative use #3
A general truth; something which is permanently true.
He arrives tomorrow.
Will you go back home tomorrow?
No, I will stay here until Friday.
Lui arriva domani.(501 d)
Torni a casa domani? No, sto qui fini a venerdi.(BG 4)

Present indicative use #4
A near future - where another elt of the sentence refers to the future
I have been here for ten minutes (and still am).
She has been sick for three days (and still is).
I have been waiting for the bus for ten minutes.
I've been living here for two months.
Sono qui da dieci minuti.(501 e1)
Sono tre giorni che lei è malata.(501 e2)
Sono dieci minuti che aspetto l'autobus. (501 e3)
Vivo que da due mesi.(U PA cont PR 1,sim BG 5)

Present indicative use #5
An action or state of being that occurred in the past and continues up to the present = Eng pres. perf. = pres of HAVE + past participle. Ital use present participle here.
I'm listening to you.
I accept with pleasure.
Now I know what to do.
It's cold today.
Ti ascolto.(U PRES 1)
Accetto con piacere.(U PRES 2)
Addesso so che fare.(U PRES 3)
Oggi fa freddo.(U PRES 4)

Any kind of PRESENT, including general state of affairs which includes the present, temporal 1
If you smash my car, I'll hit you.
Will you make me a coffee?
Se mi scassi la macchina, ti picchio.(U INT 1)
Mi fai un caffè?(U INT 2)

INTENTION IN FUTURE, modal 1
She speaks three languages.
From this window you can see the mountains.
Parla tre lingue.(U ABIL 1)
Da questa finestra si vedono le montagne.(U ABIL 2)

ABILITY in general present, modal 2
Now you go back home and bring me the keys, is that clear?
Adesso tu torni a casa e mi riporti le chiavi, capito?(U IMP )

IMPERATIVE, modal 3
Tomorrow we're going to the lake.
Next year the artist's centenary will be/is celebrated.
Domani andiamo al lago.(U FUT 1)
L'anno prossmio ricorre il centenario della nascita dell'artista (U FUT 2)

FUTURE, R1,R2
I've arrived just now: what's happened?
Arrivo prorio adesso: cos'è successo? (U IMMED P 1, R1)

IMMEDIATE PAST
Last night I go to the movies and who do I see? Emilia!
I was stopped at the traffic lights, suddenly a man come up and he goes "Give me your money!"
As Dante says in the De Vulgari Eloquentia...
Ieri sera vado al cinema e chi vedo? Emilia!(U NARR PA 1)
Ero fermo al semaforo, di colpo si avvicina uno, e fa "Dammi i soldi!" (U NARR PA 2)
Come dice Dante nel De Vulgari Eloquentia...(U PRES 7)

PAST in narrative ("Historic Present")
The meeting opened at 11:25am. The Chair welcomed the new members of the committee...
La riunione ha inizio alle 11:25. I presidente dà il benvenuto ai nuovi componenti del comitato...(U PA min)

PAST in minutes of meetings
Maria Rossi studied at the university of Rome where she graduated in 2002 with a thesis on...
Maria Rossi studia all'università di Roma dive si laurea nel 2002 con una tesi su...(U CV)

PAST in curriculum vitae
Mary studies in the library. (Where does Mary study?)
Mary is studying in the library. (Where is Mary studying?)
(Yes,) Mary does study in the library. (Does Mary study in the library?)
Maria studia in la biblioteca.

Italian present used to express English present, present progressive and present emphatic.