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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
to look
guardare

io guardo
tu guardi
lui, lei, Lei guarda
noi guardiamo
voi guardate
loro, Loro guardano
to wait for
aspettare

io aspetto
tu aspetti
lui, lei, Lei aspetta
noi aspettiamo
voi aspettate
loro, Loro aspettano
to learn
imparare
to live
vivere or abitare
to play (a sport)
giocare (a)
to play (an instrument)
suonare
to wish
desiderare

io desidero
tu desideri
lui, lei, Lei desidera
noi desideriamo
voi desiderate
loro, Loro desiderano
preposition di plus definite articles
(il) del
(lo) dello
(l') dell'
(la) della
(i) dei
(gli) degli
(le) delle
Which?
quale
quali
What?
What a...!
Che
roast veal
l'arrosto di vitello
spinach
spinaci
fries
patatine fritte
salad
insalata
sparkling wine
lo spumante
dessert/sweets
dolce
nice
simpatico
simpatici
old
vecchio
vecchi
vecchia
new
nuovo
nuovi
nuova
dear
caro
cari
cara
big
grande
small
piccolo
to pay
pagare

io pago
tu paghi
lui, lei, Lei paga
noi paghiamo
voi pagate
loro, Loro pagano
waiter/waitress
cameriere
cameriera
to eat
Mangiare

io mangio
tu mangi
lui, lei, Lei mangia
noi mangiamo
voi mangiate
loro, Loro mangiano
dinner
la cena
to forget
dimenticarsi

io mi dimentico
tu ti dimentichi
lui, lei, Lei si dimentica
noi ci dimentichiamo
voi vi dimenticate
loro, Loro si dimenticano
always
sempre
to start, begin
cominciare

io comincio
tu cominci
lui, lei, Lei comincia
noi cominciamo
voi cominciate
loro, Loro cominciano
to carry, bring, take; wear; support, hold (up); have, bear; yield, produce
Portare

io porto
tu porti
lui, lei, Lei porta
noi portiamo
voi portate
loro, Loro portano
birthday
compleanno
Guido's girlfriend
raggaza di Guido
how much?
quanto
quanti
What phrases are the equivalent of saying "there is" and "there are"?
C'è (there is)
Ci sono (there are)
What kind of nouns are invariable? hint: this is related to their endings.
nouns ending in accented vowels
i.e. due caffè
nouns ending in a consonant
i.e.due film
nouns that are abbreviated
i.e. due cinema(tografo)
Nouns that end in -ca and -ga have which plural endings?
Their endings are -che and -ghe, respectively.
i.e. un'amica --> due amiche
i.e. una riga --> due rige
Most nouns ending in -io change to what ending?
-i.

i.e. un nogozio --> due negozi
i.e. un ufficio --> due uffici
What are the indefinite articles for *singular* nouns preceded by: 1. a consonant? 2. a vowel? 3. "z"? 4. "s" + consonant? Give masculine and feminine case.
1. un libro, una casa
2. un amico, un'amica
3. uno zoo, una zebra
4. uno studente, una studentessa
What are the definite articles for *masculine* nouns preceded by: 1. a consonant? 2. a vowel? 3. "z"? 4. "s" + consonant? Give the singular and plural case.
1. il libro, i libri
2. l'ospedale, gli ospedali
3. lo zero, gli zeri
4. lo stadio, gli stadi
Most adjectives usually follow the noun they modify. But there are a few that usually precede the noun. List some of these exceptions.
But there are a few that usually precede the noun. List some of these exceptions. Bello, brutto, buono, bravo, cattivo, giovane, vecchio, grande, piccolo, stesso, nuovo, altro, caro*, vero, primo, ultimo.
*meaning dear
What is the placement of adjectives when they are modified by the adverbs molto, poco, abbastanza, un po'?
All adjectives modified by adverbs follow the noun.
An adjective must agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies. What are the endings for adjectives ending in -e?
-e (singular, masc and fem)
-i (plural, masc and fem)
What are the endings of regular -are verbs conjugated in the present tense? Conjugate the verb, cantare (to sing).
io cant-o
tu cant-i
lui cant-a
noi cant-iamo
voi cant-ate
loro cant-ano
What are the English translations of these simple prepositions?: di (d'), a, da, in, con, su, per, tra (fra)?
di (d')- of; con- with; a- at, to, in; su- on, over, above; da- from, by; per- for, in order to; in- in; tra (fra)- between, among
What are contractions of the preposition "di" with the following definite articles?: il, lo, la, l', i, gli, le?
del, dello, della, dell', dei, degli, delle
What are definitions of the following adverbs often used as prepositions?: sopra, sotto, dentro, fuori, davanti (a), dietro, vicino (a), lontano(da)
above, on (top of); under; in, inside; out, outside; in front (of), before; behind, after; near, beside, next to; far (from).
(respectively)
Quale and che are interrogative adjectives. What does each indictiave?
Quale means "which."
Che means "what kind."

note: che is also used in exclamations, meaning "what!" or "what a...!"
What are the endings of regular -ere verbs conjugated the in present tense? Conjugate the verb scrivere (to write).
io scrivo
tu scriv-i
lui scriv-e
noi scriv-iamo
voi scriv-ete
loro scriv-ono
What are the endings of regular -ire verbs conjugated the in present tense? Conjugate the verb dormire (to write).
o dorm-o
tu dorm-i
lui dorm-e
noi dorm-iamo
voi dorm-ite
loro dorm-ono
The partitive is used to indicate a part of a whole or an undetermined quantity or number (or in English, "some"). What is the Italian equivalent of the adjective "some"?
di + the definite article
Alcuni, qualche, and un po' di are forms that translate as "some". "Un po' di" can be followed by a plural or singular noun, but what about the other two?
Alcuni is always followed by a plural noun.
Qualche is always followed by a singular noun.
Exception: when the noun can be measured, but not counted.
This interrogative adjective meaning "how much" or "how many" agrees in gender and number with the noun it modifies. What is it, and its forms?
Quanto:

Quanto, quanti, quanta, quante