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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
who were the conservatives?
wealthy property owners and nobility
liberals
mostly middle class business leaders and merchants
radicals
favored drastic change to extend democracy to the people as a whole
nationalism
belief that ones greatest loyalty should not be to a king or an empire but to a nation of people who share a common culture and history
nation state
a nation also had its own independent government
balkans
region which included greece albania bulgaria romania and turkey
1821
major greek revolt against ottomans turk
by the 1830's
congress of vienna was breaking down
Failed Revolts
the italians wanted a revolt for their independence and nationalism
1848
ethnic revolts started to happen within the country.
King Charles X
tried to stage a return to the absoulte monarchy
Louis-Napoleon
soon became Napoleon the Third, did a lot industrly
Nationalism
durring the 1800s fuled efforts to make city-states
Nationalists
were not loyal to their kings or queens but to their people, believed that they should unite under a single gov't
Bonds of Nationalism
nationality, language, culture, history, religion, and territory
3 aging empires
Hapsburgh, Romanov and the Ottoman Empire
in 1866
austria defeated prussia in the Austro- Prussian war.
Giuseppe Mazzinni
organized a nationalist group called young italy, no one over the age of fourty can join.
1848
italian nationalists looked to the kingdom of piedmont- sardina for leadership
camillio di cavor
main goal was to unify northern italy in 1858 he got the help of france to get austria out of the north, helped to get people to revolt to unify the south
giuseppe garibaldi
captured sicily, in an election won the vote to unify the north and the south
red shirts
since garibaldi and his army always wore red t-shirts they became known as the
in 1866
austria gave us venetia which inclueded the city of venice became part of italy
papal states
parts where italy took over
ITALYS OVER.. GERMAN STARTS....
NOWWWWWWWWWWW!
39 german states made up
german confederation
berlin made the Fredrick Williams the Third call
constitutional convention
1861
wilhelm succeeded fredrick william to the throne