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116 Cards in this Set

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What type of cable is commonly used to connect network devices?
Ethernet RJ-45 (8P8C)
What is the differance between a STATIC & DYNAMIC IP?
A static IP address is a number that does not change where a Dynamic IP address changes.
What is a Protocol?
A protocol is a set of rules and conventions about the communication in the network.
What is a PAN?
A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network used for communication among computer devices (including telephones and personal digital assistants) close to one person.
What is a CAN?
A network that connects two or more LANs but that is limited to a specific (possibly private) geographical area such as a college campus, industrial complex, or a military base.
What is a MAN?
A network that connects two or more Local Area Networks or CANs together but does not extend beyond the boundaries of the immediate town, city, or metropolitan area.
What is a WAN?
A WAN is a data communications network that covers a relatively broad geographic area and that often uses transmission facilities provided by common carriers, such as telephone companies.
What does OSI Stand for?
Open Systems Interconnection
How many layers does the OSI have?
7
What are the 7 layers?
The layers are, from top to bottom, Application(7), Presentation(6), Session(5), Transport(4), Network(3), Data Link(2) and Physical(1).
What layer adds Mac Addresses to packets?
Layer 2 (Data Link)
File Services
Electronic-mail Services
Network-printing Services
Application Services
Database Services
Are all types of what Layer?
Application(7)
The following services are provided by what layer?

Establishing a Connection
Maintaining the Session
Ending the Connection
Dialogue Control
Dialogue Separation
Session(5)
What layer is responsible for the correct addressing and delivery of packets of data?
Network(3)
What does TCP/IP stand for?
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP)
What does ATM stand for and what does it do?
"ATM - Asynchronous Transfer Mode, is a high-speed networking standard designed to support both voice and data communications.
What is CAT5?
CAT5 is an Ethernet cable standard defined by the Electronic Industries Association and Telecommunications Industry Association (commonly known as EIA/TIA).
What is Fast Ethernet?
Fast Ethernet supports a maximum data rate of 100 Mbps. It is so named because original Ethernet technology supported only 10 Mbps. Fast Ethernet began to be widely deployed in the mid-1990s as the need for greater LAN performance became critical to universities and businesses.
In computer networking, hosting mean?
In computer networking, hosting refers to a site or service that maintains resources on behalf of clients.
What is FTP?
FTP allows you to transfer files between two computers on the Internet.
What is FireWire?
FireWire is a high performance networking standard based on a serial bus architecture similar to USB. FireWire is also known as the IEEE 1394 standard, created in 1995.
What does MAC stand for what does it do?
"MAC - Media Access Control and Address" MAC technology provides unique identification and access control for computers on an Internet Protocol (IP) network. In wireless networking, MAC is the radio control protocol on the wireless network adapter. MAC works at the lower sublayer of the data link layer (Layer 2) of the OSI model.
Can IP Addresses be Determined From MAC Addresses?
A MAC address represents the physical identifier of a network adapter, while the IP address represents a logical device address on Internet Protocol networks. A built-in feature of IP, Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) translates IP addresses to MAC addresses.
What are Octets?
An octet represents any eight-bit quantity. By definition, octets range in mathematical value from 0 (zero) to 255.
What does P2P refer to?
The term P2P refers to "peer-to-peer" networking. A peer-to-peer network allows computer hardware and software to function without the need for special server devices. P2P is an alternative to client-server network design.
What is IDS?
intrusion detection system (IDS)
What does IDS do?
An intrusion detection system (IDS) generally detects unwanted manipulations to computer systems, mainly through the Internet. The manipulations may take the form of attacks by crackers.
What layer of the OSI model does a Hub work at?
Hubs work at the physical layer (layer 1) of the OSI model.
UNIX Command:
cd d
Change to directory d
UNIX Command:
Create new directory d
mkdir d
The port number for DNS is..
53
What technology would you use for a wireless network to cover a distance of about 200 feet or more?
Spread Spectrum
Alike devices use what wiring and cables?
RJ-45 Cross over cables
What are 3 things that the OSI does?
- Different Vendors equipment could work with each other.
-Changes in the OSI Model at one layer DOES NOT affect other layers.
-Allows various types of network harware and software to communicate.
What mode is shown with > ?
User Mode
What Mode is shown with # ?
Privledged
What wiring is used for different devices?
Straight
What are the OSI Layers in order?
7- Application
6- Presentation
5- Session
4-Transport
3- Network
2- Data Link
1- Physical
What does route poisoning do?
It sends an "infinite hop count(16)" for a downed link.
What layer is a hub at?
Layer 1 - Physical
What mode is shown with:
#(config-if)
Configure Interface
What is the order of Data Encapsulation?
Segment, Packet, Frame, Bits
What layer is a bridge at?
Layer 2 - Data Link
In 100 Base T what does "Base" mean?
Base Band
What layer is a switch at?
Layer 2 - Data Link
Where is 105 Stored at on the router?
Flash
What do you type to get to the end of the line?
Ctrl E
What layer is the Router at?
Layer 3 - Network
What would happen if you have a line in your ACL that reads:

access-list 115 deny tcp any 192.67.7.0 0.0.0.255 eq 23
No telnet for that network
What is a triggered update?
A triggered update is a new routing table that is sent out immediately in response to some change.
What can run full duplex?
Switch (T0) host
host (TO) host
switch (TO) switch
What are the layers of the DoD OSI?
Application
Host to Host (Transport)
Internet
Network Access
What layer does the CISCO Discovery Protocol use?
Layer two
What does reverse Poison do?
It is an acknowledgement to a route poison.

Poison Reverse over rides the split horizon solution.
What layer does CDP operate at?
Layer 2 - Data Link
The ________ Layer creates packets, addresses and control information that is added to a segment.
Layer 3 - Network
What is another name for Start Up config?
NVRAM
What do hold down timers do?
It allows time for the network to stabilize before it starts conversing (updating)
"Holds and Changes" for some period of time.
The ______ layer translates bit into voltages for transmission across the physical link.
Layer 1- Physical Layer
What are some common types of flow control?
Buffers
Source- quench messages (stop & go)
Congestion Avoidance (red)
Windowing
What is the command to set the message of the day?
Router(config) # banner motd # Message followed by #
What are some benefits of a VLAN?
-Allows access to netwoerk services based on department (function)
-Establishe broadcast domains in switched networks
-increase # of broadcast domains while decreasiong the size of the domain
-**Enhance Network Security**
What are some examples of protocols used at teh presentation layer?
-(RTF) Rich Text Format
-Musical Instrument digital interface
-Quick time movies
-mpeg files
-jpeg files
-microsoft word
How do you show the most information about the CISCO Discovery Protocol?
SH CDP NEIGHBGOR Detail
What is the rule for split horizon?
It is never useful to send information back to the router where the original packet came from.
What function does the router do?
Routers provide internetworking, packet switching, and packet filtering.
What is the command to set up RIP Routing Config?
# config # router ip
config-router# network networt -number

- - -
EX
- - -
network 172.16.0.0
network 10.0.0.0

only put in the networks that are directly connected.
What is the initial configuration of the router?
0x2144
In distance vector what does IGRP use?
a lowest composit metric of bandwidth
What are the steps for testing internetworking?
Ping:
-127.0.0.1 (loop Back)
-host ip address (NIC CARD)
-Default Gateway
-Remote Server
What do you use to move back one word?
ESC B
What layer gives you reliable network communication between end nodes?
Transport Layer - Layer 4
What protocol is used to help share bandwidth without transmitting at the same time?
CSMA /CD
What is a hardware address? What does it do?
The Hardware Address is the MAC address. It uniquely identifies a host on a LAN.
Windowing is used to control the amount of __?__ & __?__ data segments.
Outstanding & Unacknowledged
The _______ Layer adds physical source and destination addresses and an FSC to the packet.
Data Link - Layer 6
What are the 3 phases in a connection oriented service?
Call Setup-Three way handshake

Data Transfer

Call termination
What is the boot sequence for the router?
FLASH
TFTP
ROM
What does ROM stand for?
Read Only Memory
What is the command to prevent console session timeout?
(config)# line Console 0
(config-line)# exec - time out 0 0
What are some examples of the session layer?
xwindow
netmeeting
NFS-Network File System
SQL-Structred Query Language
Remote procedure call, Server talking to host
This layer provides the physical transmission of the data.
Data Link - Layer 6
What are some examples of a classless routing protocol?
Uses subnet mask-
RIP
EIGRP
OSPF
IS-IS
What command/key stroke used during the router boot cycle will allow you to access ROM Monitor mode?
Ctrl + Break
What are some protocols that are used in the application layer?
TelNet
FTP
SMTP
TFTP
What are some protocols use at the network layer?
IP - Internet Protocol
ICMP - Internet Control Message Protocol (PING)
What are three things associated with the presentation layer of the OSI Model?
Ritch Text Format
Quick Time
TFTP
MIDI
What layer negotiates data transfer?
ex: Syntax Data Translation
Layer 6 - Presentation
What command is used to reload the router?
# reload (return)
What are some things used at the transport layer?
Protocol Data Unit -
PDU : Segment

TCP/IP Suite
What layer tracks locations of devices on the network?
Network Layer - layer 3
The ____ Layer is the layer at which routing occurs.
Network Layer - layer 3
What is the command to edit informatiom in the router? What command prompt do you need to be at?
#Config +
How do you set interface description?
Description interface (enter)
What does CISCO Discovery Protocol do?
Gatheres information about other CISCO neighbor devices only
What command wil allow you to change the config value?
#(Config)# config-register (0x2102) or number you are changing to.
What are some examples of a classful routing protocol?
DO NOT USE SUB NET MASK!
RIP, IGRP
This layer provides Physical addressing , Network topology, flow control, and Error notification.
Data Link - Layer 2
What does ROUTING protocol do?

What protocols does it use?
Determin the path of a packet through a network.
---
RIP
IGRP
OSPF
EIGRP
What does ROUTED protocol do?

What protocols does it use?
The method of delivery.
---
IP
IPX
Appletalk
What layer works with user interface, establishes agreement on procedures for error recovery and ctrl of data integrity?
Application Layer - Layer 7
What does the spanning tree protocol do?
It is used to stop switching loops in a switched network with redundant paths.
The ____ Layer divides a data stream into segments and adds reliability and flow control information.
Transport Layer - Layer 4
This layer defines the electrical, mechanical, procedural and functional specifications for activating, maintaining, and deactivating the physical link between end systems.
Physical Layer - Layer 1
This layer establishes manages and terminates sessions between appications.
Session Layer - Layer 5
What do you type to get to the begginuing of a line?
Ctrl A
What is the port nubmer for TELNET?
23
This layer segments and reassembles data into a data stream.
Transport Layer - Layer 4
What are the port numbers for FTP?
20 & 21
What command would you use to get out of config mode?
Ctrl Z
This layer manages devices addressing, tracks the location of devices on the network and determines the best way to move data.
Network Layer - Layer 3
What command displays system hardware config info, software version, and the names and sources of config files and boot images on a router?
Show Version
In the distance vector what does RIP use?
Hop Counts
This layer is responsible for keeping application data separate.
Session Layer - Layer 5
What command is used to restore a copy of 105?
Copy tftp Flash
What device runs at half-duplex?
Hubs