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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What did the Patriots Act do?
Strengthened fed gov ability to eavesdrop/wiretap and search authority. (post 911)
What is seditious speech?
advocating the violent overthrow of the government
Difference between the clear and present danger test and the bad-tendency rule
clear and present danger test is the restriction of speech that will provoke immediate danger

bad-tendency rule can restrict speech even if it only has a tendency to lead to illegal action
Difference between libel and slander
Libel (written) and slander (orally) – you cannot make false statements in public that might damage a persons reputation
What are Bush’s free speech zones?
created free speech zones in which protesters to his political rallies are placed in a designated area away from where the speech is given.
What is the standard for obscenity?
is more of a community standard. If it shows patently offensive sexual conduct
What is the Brady Bill?
Brady bill established a national 5 business day waiting period on handgun purchases through licensed dealers (ruled unconstitutional). Required local authorities to conduct a background checks on handgun purchasers
Roe v. Wade and Washington v. Glucksberg (1997) dealt with what issue?
(1973) established that the right to privacy means that women can choose what to do with their body (ex. To have abortions)

right to die (ex. veggie status)
What is the exclusionary rule?
holds that any evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment protection against unreasonable searches and seizures is not admissible in court
What is the Miranda warning?
warnings inform criminal suspects of their constitutional rights, such as the right to remain silent and the right to counsel. Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
Who did the 14th amendment apply to?
all Americans to equal treatment under the law
What the difference between the 1st civil rights act in 1866 and the 2nd civil
rights act in 1875?
1st Civil Rights act 1866 gave African Americans full equality before the law and gave the National gov enforcement power.

2nd Civil Rights act 1875 everyone is entitled to full and equal enjoyment of public accommodations, theaters, and other places of public amusement. (Prohibited segregation)
What did Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) do?
(1896) – The separate-but-equal doctrine. Legalized Segregation in the South
What is the difference between De jure and De Facto segregation?
De Jure segregation in the South. (segregation by law)

De Facto is segregation by practice NOT by law
What is the difference between Poll taxes, Literacy Test, and White primaries?
Poll Taxes: pay $ to vote

Literacy Test: test in order to vote

White Primaries: African Americans not allowed to vote in Democratic primaries but could vote in Republican ones.
What the difference between Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka and Brown II?
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) – Overturned the separate-but-equal doctrine.

Brown II (1955) – The desegregation of the public schools must begin with “all deliberate speed.”
What is the difference between the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights
Act of 1965, and the Civil Rights Act of 1968?
1964 forbade discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, and national origin.

1965 made it illegal to interfere with anyone’s right to vote in election held in this country

1968 prohibited discrimination in housing
What is the difference between Title 2, Title 6, and title 7 of the 1964 civil
rights act
Title 2 - overturned the Jim Crow laws (segregation in public accommodations

Title 6 - Fed. Gov could withhold funds from the states if it discriminated

Title 7 - banned discrimination in employment =>Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
What did the Education Amendments and Title IX do?
prohibits discrimination aginst women in federally-funded education, including in athletics programs
What were Presidents FDR, Kennedy, and Johnson’s contribution to Affirmative
in 1941, when Pres. FDR
Executive Order 8802 requiring defense contractors to pledge nondiscrimination in employment in government-funded projects.

Kennedy issued Executive Order No. 10925, requiring not only that federal contractors pledge non-discrimination but that they “take affirmative action to ensure” equal opportunity.

Executive Order 11246 issued by President Lyndon Johnson, enforces AA for the first time.
What is an executive order?
A memo from the president
What types of programs are associated with Affirmative Action programs?
federal contractors, gov-funded projects, city jobs, admission to schools
What did the Bakke v. UC Medical School establish?
Established Reverse Discrimination
Documentary on Emmett Till

What city did his murder happen in?

what congressmen was involved?
MONEY bitch

diggs from detroit
What is the non-financial largest corporation and what is the largest financial
Largest corporation: Wal-mart

Largest bank: Citigroup
What is the difference between the WTO, IMF and NAFTA?
(WTO) deals with the rules of trade between nations/lower trade barriers among the 150 countries.

International Monetary funds/ World Bank. Provide financial assistance to countries that experience serious financial difficulties

(North America Free Trade agreement) reduces trade barriers among US, Canada, and Mexico
What is the anti-globalization movement about?
Against globalization institutions

They advocate for human rights, labor rights, environmentalism, feminism, freedom of migration, preservation of the cultures of indigenous peoples, cultural diversity, food safety, and ending or reforming capitalism.
Documentary of “Tax me if you can”
First Union Bank of America had executives that used fake companies to avoid taxation.
Where do most American get their news from?
90% of Americans use TV news as their primary source of information
Which network news shows are considered liberal and which one conservative.
CNN (liberal)

FOX NEWS (conservative)
What is a sound bite?
Sound bite is a brief, memorable comment that easily can fit into news broadcasts or political commercial
What is the difference between negative political ads, attack ads and issue ads
Negative political advertising – discredit an opposing candidate in the eyes of the voters

Attack ads – attacks the character of an opposing candidate

Issue ads – focuses on flaws in a opposing candidate’s position on a particular issue.
Short documentary showing a presidential debate.
Kennedy used his smooth talking on the tv to help him win the election (make up - better image) *beat niXon
What type of things do networks do to increase viewership?
a)Sex sells

b)Bad news is better than good news

c)TV shows imported from foreign countries
What is Prior restraint?
a government order to prohibit or censor a news story prior to publication or broadcast. This is unconstitutional unless the government can show the story/broadcast will harm national security
What is the New York Times v. US (1971) case about?
Pentagon papers showed the government lied about success in Vietnam
What is the FCC and what does it regulate?
Federal Communations Commission

Regulates interstate and international communication of radio, TV, wire, satellite and cable. Not print medium.
What did Reno v. ACLU (1997) establish?
The internet is a print medium and cannot be regulated by the FCC
What did the Telecommunication Act of 1996 accomplish?
a.)A widespread piece of legislation that was suppose to deliver more competition, more diversity in programming and ownership, and lower prices for consumers.

b.)What it did was to increase prices, created more media concentration and created less diversity.

c.)The media business is dominated by a handful of giant corporations that own radio and TV stations, newspapers, cable systems, movie studios, and concert venues.
what were the four provisions of the Telecommunication Act of 1996
a.Upped the limit on the number of radio stations one company can own. The cap was set to 40.

b.Upped the limit on the number of local TV stations one company can own. The cap was set at 12.

c.Deregulated cable rate. Between 1996 and 2006, those rates have increased by 50%

d.Eased cable-broadcast cross-ownership rules. (Now 90% of the top 50 cable stations are owned by the same parent companies that own the broadcast network.)
What is the difference between media bias and political bias?
Media bias: tendency to present unbalanced perspective so information favors one set of interests over another.

Political bias the tendency to favor one party (or ideology)
Documentary with Bill Moyer
Discussed how issue ads would indirectly use big events (911) to help sway opinion on other issues