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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Islam means...
Islam means to submit, will of allah (God)
Holy Book
Quran
Mohammed born in
570 AD
Two types of people before Mohammed
Bedouins
City Dwellers
Characteristics of Bedouins
pastoralists- herd camels, sheep, goats
male dominated
killed baby girls (infanticide)
Characteristics of City Dwellers
Mecca- Quraysh Tribe
Merchants- traded incense,
Kaaba- building w/ 360 idols
Mohammed's life
born, worked, married, had children, preaching...
born an orpah
worked as a merchant
married Khadija
had daughters
spoke by angel Gabriel, started to preach
Night of Power
Mohammed transported from earth to heaven and given final instructions
who thought Mohammed as dangerous
Mecca tribe, were going to kill him
Why did the Mecca tribe view Mohammed as dangerous
converting people to one religion, lose money on Kaaba
the Hegira/Hijra
followers helped Mohammed get to Yathrib (Medina)
start of Muslim calendar
622 AD
Yathrib to Medina means...
city of prophet
person who called people to pray
Muezzin
1st jihad
means, what happened
what happened after
holy war
defeated took over Mecca
destroyed the idols but kept Kaaba place of worship, Muslims travel there once
Mohammed dies
632 AD
5 Pillars of Faith
for
what they are
to be a good muslim
Declaration of Faith, Prayer-Imam, Pilgrimage, Alms giving, and Fasting
Declaration of Faith
declare Allah is the only god and Mohammed is the prophet
Prayer
Pray 5 times a day facing Mecca
holy day friday, pray in arabic
Imam
prayer leader of fridays, recite chapters of Quran, not paid
Pilgrmage
to Mecca/Kaaba; all good muslims must visit there at least once in their life
Alms giving
charity, give 10% of income
Fasting during Ramadan
fast for entire month, from sunrise to sunset
Sharia
is
means
Islamic Law
no separation of church and state
Moral Code
is in...
Quran
no alcohol, pork, infanticide
have up to four wives
Why can Muslim Men have up to four wives?
protection for widows (would be killed)
Believe in pre...
predestination
life is determined by God, before birth
People of the Book
Christians and Jews
Caliphs in order after Mohammed
Abu Bakr
Omar
Othman
Ali
Abu Bakr
was he related to M?
not related to Mohammed
Omar and Othman did
conquered mid-east and north africa
Ali
relation
died..
cousin/son-in-law of Mohammed
assassinated
Split between
Sunnis and Shiites
Sunnis
majority or minority, what they believe
popular in...
majority
any leader can become caliph
accept Quran and commentaries (explain Quran), popular in Iraq
Shiites
are, leader has to be, popular in, believe in mar..
conservative, leader has to be descendent of Mohammed, believe in martyrdom (died for Islam)
popular in Iran
who became next caliph after ali and why
Muawiya
killed Ali's sons (Hussain) in war
Muawiya
started which dynasty in
moved capital to
Umayyad Dynasty 650 AD
moved to Damascus
What happened in 711 AD
Muslims moved into Spain and Sicily
What happened in 732 AD
Battle of Tours
Charles Martel fought for France, pushed Muslims back to Spain
What happened in 750 AD
end of Umayyad dynasty,
Why did the Umayyad dynasty end
what the Caliph do
counter-action
Caliphs put heavy tax on non Muslims and non-arab muslims
Abu al-Abbas got army and defeated them
Abu al-Abbas moved capital to
Baghdad
What happened in 1492 AD
kicked Muslims and Jews out of Spain
Golden Age Caliphs (after 750)
Harun al-Rashid
Al-Mamun
what Harun al-Rashid do?
corresponded with who,
started house of (did what)
made country ...
corresponded with Charlemagne
started house of wisdom- paid scholars to thik
made country wealthy