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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Islam
Submission, wholeness. The religion of peace, submission and wholeness
Imam
Leader, Prayer Leader
Umma
The Muslim community
Rasul
Messenger, Prophet - A bringer of scripture
Hijra
The migration from Mecca to Medina in 622
Mihrab
A semicircular niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the qibla; that is, the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca
Qibla
The direction of Mecca, towards which Muslims turn in prayer
Muezzin
One who proclaims the call to prayer
Muslim
One who submits/surrenders/seeks wholeness
Hadith
Prophetic tradition
Sunna
The Prophetic practice
Tawhid
Divine Unity. The Oneness/uniqueness of God.
Tashbih
Anthropomorphism, with respect to God (in the Powerpoint for Belief also Immanence or the merciful attribute of tawhid of Allah). Immanence.
Tanzih
Transcendence of Allah. Along with tashbih, two attributes of God put into balance to create tawhid, tanzih being wrath
Shirk
Associationism, attributing "partners" to God; one of the most grave sins
Shari’a
Muslim law
Shahada
Professing Islam, bearing witness that there is no god but God, and that Muhammad is his messenger
Isra
Muhammad's "night journey" or ascension
Basmala
the phrase that is repeated before every prayer which says "in the name of God, (irrahman) Most Gracious, (irrahiim) Most Merciful"
Sura
chapter
Nabuwwa
prophethood (prophecy)
Ihsan
Beauty/ Excellence/ Intentions/ state of heart/ Attitude, "Doing the beautiful." Ishan considers the soul or an individual’s intentions.
Ma’ad
The Resurrection after death. The return/judgement day.
Barzakh
The "intermediary world," Purgatory
Iblis
Qur’an’s name for the devil
Zakat
A form of charitable giving, incumbent on those who can afford it, min 2.5 percent of annual net worth
Sawn Ramadan
Fasting
Raka
A unit (of canonical prayer)
Du’a
supplication, invoking God
Salat
Canonical Prayer
Sadaqat
alms, Charitable devotion
Khums
a tax to support Shi'ite clergy, original one-fifth of war booty
Hajj
pilgrimage to Mecca
Ihram
The ritual Garb of the hajj pilgrims
Jihad
It means struggle, especially personal (struggle of the heart to obey God), not necessarily violent or militaristic
Tariqa
Sufi path or brotherhood. Order, path or way of purification.
Dhikr
The methodical repetition of the names of God
Whirling dervishes
A term for sufi mystics--the guys who wear white robes and whirl around as a form of meditation
Wahhabi
the first major islamic revival movement that took place in the 18th century.
-Founder: Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab
-called for a return to the pristine faith that was practiced by the Prophet
-viewed community state founded by the Prophet as a golden age

-today, even though there is a relatively small number of people that follow the conservative Wahhabi creed, they have a considerable amount of influence b/c of Saudi money that funds Mosques, etc.
Muslim Brotherhood
founded in 1928 by an Egyptian school teacher. began initially as a youth group that had an emphasis on moral regeneration.
-with Zionist activity in Palestine, the organization began to merge with political ideals
-1939 became a political party
-aimed to liberate Muslim world from foreign domination and create a truly Islamic gov’t
-involved in various assassinations, and grew in popular support as it became opposed by government.
Shiites
Believe Ali to be the first Imam. Believe that only God has the right to appoint a successor to His Prophet. pray only 3 times a day versus 5 times
Sufi
A more spiritually centered branch of Islam that focuses on finding Allah in all things. (the psychedelic, hippie version of Islam, so to speak)
What are the 5 Core beliefs of Islam?
Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Day of Judgement.
What are the 3 categories of the 5 Core beliefs of Islam?
Tawhid: Oneness/Uniqueness of God
Nabuwwa: Prophesy
Ma'ad: The Return/Judgement day
Isma
Prophet infallibility
What are the 5 pillars of Islam?
Shahada: Witness of faith
Salat: Canonical Prayers
Zakat: Almsgiving
Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca
Sawn: Fasting
What were the 3 Medieval Empires and where were they located?
Ottoman (turkey)
Safavids (Iran)
moghuls (India)