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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bedouin
Arab of the desert
Nomadic
Mecca
The holy city, where islam originated and muhammad was born, has ka'ba
Medina
Where Muhammad took his followers after attempted assasintaion in Mecca
Ka'aba
A shrine with stories and teachings of the muslim religon and Allah in Mecca
Koran/Quran
The holy book of Islamic teachings/ revelations Muhammad recieved
Sharia
Islamic law and guidelines
Hijra
Muhammads Journey from Mecca to Medina (Yathrib)
Caliph
An Islamic leader (spiritual and Political)
Mosque
Where the Muslims pray
Hajj
The 5th pillar and pilgramage to mecca and Muslims must go at least once in their lifetime
Muhammad
The Prophet who revealed the beliefs of Islam
The FIve Pillars
5 basic guidelines for Islamic people
Sunni Muslims
Caliph chosen for leaders (religous and political)
Shiite Muslims
Only descendants of Muhammad should rule
Umayyad dynasty
Spread Islam
got wealthy
muslims split
Arabs vs. non-arabs
Abassid Dynasty
The golden age(wealth and power) of islamic people
Dome of the Rock
the site that Muslims believed Muhammad ascended to during his midnight journey
In Jerusalem
Abu Bakr
First Caliph, descendant of Muhammad
Prophet
A person who recieves revelations from god
Hadith
An early collection of Muhammads sayings/teachings
Jihad
struggle in the way of god
Sufi
A religous leader who has a close relationship with Allah
Imam
A religous commoner who leads prayers
Ramadon
The holy month of fasting