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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the land and climate like in the Arabian Penninsula?
It is mostly desert with a hot dry climate & fertile ranges of mountains with hills
What is the importance of Mecca?
It has good water, and is a religous center for Muslims
Where is Mecca located?
It is in the protected valley between Yemen and the Mediteranian and the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea
who founded Islam
Mohamed
Muslim place for worship
mosque
what do muslims have to do during Ramadan
not eat or drinkto break of dawn till settling of sun
Arabic word for god
Allah
city of center of western islamic influence
Mecca
Head of a Muslim government is called
shaike
some things islam forbids
eating pork and drinking alcohol
holiest shrine in mecca
ka'bah
holy book of Islam
Qur'an
signifagance of the Qur'ran
written record of God's words.
what do islam, Judaism, and christianity have incommon
Many prophets and many holy peopleare in the bible and Qur'am
some muslim achievments in Math and science are
they mapped the solar system and believed earth was round and developed the system of Algebra
traditional Islamic law observed by orthodox muslims and based on the teachingof Mohammed.
Sunna
What made Baghdad's location important
Located on ancient trade routes serving both east and west.
the civil and religous ruler of a Muslim state
caliph
an assembly called to help pick the next Muslim caliph
council
an image used as an object of worship
idol
A religion based on the teachings of Muhammad that believes in one God, Allah
Islam
The belief that there is only one god
monotheism
A Muslim house of worship
mosque
A believer in Islam
Muslim
A member of a group that moves from plce to place following food, water, and grasing land for their herds
nomad
A small area in the desert watered by springs and wells
oasis
A journey to a sacred place or shrine
pilgrimage
The sacred book of Islam that is believed to contain the revelations made to Muhammad by Allah
Qur'an
A member of the branch of Islam thta supports thedesendants of Muhammad as his rightful successors
Sheite
Traditional Islamic law observed by Orthodox Muslims based on the teachings of Muhammad
Sunna
branch of Islam that followsz orthodox traditionand acceptsthe validity
of the first four caliphs
Sunni
social organazation made up of villages, bands, and or other groups with a common ancestry language culture and name
tribe
A type or organization structured like a pyramid, with one person at the top and many at the bottom.
bureaucracy
The art of fine handwriting as that practiced in Muslim art and writing.
caligraphy
To disagree, especially with the accepted doctrine of an established religion
dissent
A prince, chieftain, or governor especially in the Middle East
emir
a political unit often made up of a number of territories, states or nations, ruled by a single supreme authority.
empire
a group of persons forming a minority with the larger group
faction
something handed down from an ancestor; something from the past
legacy