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133 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
decomposition of yeast cells after the second fermentation
autolysis
lighter beers are ________ fermented
bottom
ales and darker beers are _____________ fermented
top
vodka is mostly made from
rye or wheat
vodka was made fashionable in what year and why
1950's -celebrities
the scotch whiskey act requires it to be aged a minimum of _______ years
three
has to be produced in one facility and has to be made from 100% malted grain
single malt
brown spirits can be brown from two ways :
toasting in wooden barrel
wood finishing
moved to a previously aged and different type of alcohol barrel
wood finishing
a spirit made from fruit - including grapes
brandy
more rustic brandy
armagnac
most popular cognac grapes
1. ugni blanc (trebbiano)
2. colombard
3. folle blache
grappa is called ______ in France
Marc (mar)
grappa has a ___________ color in France
brownish
Tequila is made from
Agave
The best tequilas are made from
Blue Agave
Agave is a relative of _______
the lily family
came from the dutch term for "burnt wine"
brandy
contains lots of different flavoring agents. juniper.
gin
is gin shaken or stirred? why?
stirred - gin bruises
rum's base is
sugar cane (molasses)
brandy's base is
fruit
vodka and whiskey's base
grain
tequila's base
agave
cordials and liquors must contain at least _____ sugar by weight
2.5%
Name for important parts to storage of wine
1. temperature
2. vibration
3. humidity
4. light
name the bi-products of fermentation
heat and CO2
a term for punch down
pigeage
grape for pouilly fuisse
chardonnay
where is pouilly fuisse found?
macon
grape for pouilly fume
sauvignon blanc
where is pouilly fume found?
upper loire
a term for pumping over
remontage
a term for riddling
remuage
name the Bordeaux grapes
1. Cabernet Sauvignon
2. Cabernet Franc
3. Petit Verdot
4. Merlot
5. Malbec
and in the past - Carmenere
Why does Bordeaux plant so many grape varieties?
for efficiency of picking
does chili graft their vines onto american rootstocks?
no
why doesn't chili graft their vines onto american rootstocks?
deep sandy soils make it resistant to pholloxera
rootstock used by CA universities before last wave of pholloxera
AXR-1
Cabernet Sauvignon is a cross between
Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc
piedmont is famous for _____ truffles
white
speck lardo comes from
piedmont
speck lardo is what?
speck ham
where is balsamic vinegar famous from?
modina
CA cuisine is generally ______
fusion cuisine
food in southern italy is
tomatoes and olive oil
food in northern italy is
creams
when pairing food and wine:
body matches body of wine
What would be a good varietal to pair with veal?
chardonnay
Sardinia's delicacy dish is
lamb
Sardinia's primary red grape is
Cannanou
Cannanou is also known as
Grenache
the 2nd blending grape in Chianti (less than 10%)
Cannanou
Sicily's primary red grape
Nero Davola
Chianti DOCG required that you blend white grapes with red grapes

what white grape was used?
trebbiano
IGT was established in what year?
1992
What did the IGT do?
changed the recipe for Chianti- -can put white blended in but don't have to.
-can add merlot
name 3 areas in Tuscany
1. Chianti
2. Brunello di montalcino
3. Vino Noble de Montepulciano
Name 3 areas of Piedmont
1. Barbera
2. Barbaresco
3. Barolo
name the Valpolicella grapes
1. Corvina Veronese
2. Rondinella
3. Molinara
technique of drying grapes (Amarone)
reposso
Grapes used for Cava
1. Xarello
2. Macabeo
3. Parellada
what are the 2 styles of riddling
1. gyro palate
2. hand riddling (remuage)
what style is cava made in?
method champenoise
what country invented the gyro palate?
spain
R.D. means:
recently disgorged
what is the desired humidity?
75%
what is the ideal temperature of wine?
low 50's
adjusts sweetness to whatever the winemaker would like the sparkling wine to be (brut, demi-sec) and add CO2
liquor de expedition
a powerful cold airstream from the alps
mistral
what is the benefit of mistral to rhone?
air circulation prevents fungal growth
douro - Portugal soil
schist
mosel soil
slate
chile's soil
deep and sandy
left bank bordeaux
alluvial
technique of drying grapes (Amarone)
reposso
Grapes used for Cava
1. Xarello
2. Macabeo
3. Parellada
what are the 2 styles of riddling
1. gyro palate
2. hand riddling (remuage)
what style is cava made in?
method champenoise
what country invented the gyro palate?
spain
R.D. means:
recently disgorged
what is the desired humidity?
75%
what is the ideal temperature of wine?
low 50's
adjusts sweetness to whatever the winemaker would like the sparkling wine to be (brut, demi-sec) and add CO2
liquor de expedition
a powerful cold airstream from the alps
mistral
what is the benefit of mistral to rhone?
air circulation prevents fungal growth
douro - Portugal soil
schist
mosel soil
slate
chile's soil
deep and sandy
left bank bordeaux soils
alluvial
right bank Bordeaux soil
clay
champagne soil
chalk
burgundy soil
chalk; limestone
chablis soil
kirmiddigan (chalk, flint)
boujalais soil
granite
rhone soil
gallet stones
sherry soil
albariza (powdery chalk)
ribera del duero soil
albariza (powdery chalk)
rioja soil
albariza (powdery chalk)
mosel soil
slate
Chile is known for what kind of watersource?
irregation water from the andes
Cabernet Sauvignon thrives in _________ soils
gravely
why is gravely soils good for vines?
good drainage
soil type for alsace
varied
rains on the right bank and not on the left
forest effect
effect in washington east of the cascades
mountain effect
effect in alsace - vouges mountains
mountain effect
germany's most concentrated wines are from where?
phalz
what region is best for red wine in germany
Ahr
where would you usually find syrah unblended?
washington state
grape for vino verde
albarino
grape for muscadet
Melon de Bourgogne
Appellation controlle was created to
prevent fraud
the first A.C. for wine was
Chateauneuf du Pape
loire soil
tufa (soft chalky soil)
name for a wine region in australia
G.I.
G.I. stands for
Geographic Indicator
welsh riesling is not
related to riesling
______________is NOT a wine producing region in south africa
yohanisburg
what are the 3 climates for wine areas?
1. Mediterranean
2. maritime
3. continental
an example for maritime climate would be:
bordeaux or loire
an example for continental climate would be:
champagne or alsace
an example of mediterranean climate would be
southern rhone
the average temperature year to year
climate
aus-bruch is
the quality level of the wine
austria is the home of what grape
gruner veltliner
name QmP wines
eiswein/trokenbarenauslen
barenauslese
auslese
spatlese
kabinet
eiswein from canada does not have ______
botrytus
name 3 pests in vineyards
1. nematoads
2. pierce's disease
3. pholloxera
what is the hottest part of napa?
middle
norther australia is ________


temp
warmer
southern australia is ______

temp
cooler
new zealand is known for what grapes
sauvignon blanc, chardonnay, pinot noir