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15 Cards in this Set

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What was the main purpose of the revival of the caliphate by the Ottoman sultans?
To give them rights over the Muslims under European power, as Europe had over the sultan's Christian subjects.
What did the Abbasid caliphate under Harun al-Rashid (r. 764-809) mark for the Abbasids and the caliphate (3 broad aspects)?
1. The height of military conquest and territorial acquisition.
2. The caliphate spread from India and Central Asia's borders to Egypt and N. Africa.
3. The Golden Age.
Describe the later half of Harun al-Rashid's reign.
Political instability developed. Semiautonomy given to the governor of Ifriqiaya in 800 after destruction of the Barmaki family preceded a time of political and territorial descent. Harun divided the empire b/w his two sons al-Amin (successor r.809-813) and al-Mamun which escalated to civil war.
How did al-Mamun's reign (813-833)influence the Abbasid empire?
In spite of his said brilliance, his reign brought territorial decline and weakening of Abbasid influence.
Who was Abd al-Rahman I and what was his contribution to the Islamic Civ?
He was a grandson of the Caliph Hisham, an Umayyad who escaped massacre and founded a dynasty in Spain independent from the Abbasids. He reigned from 756-788 after convincing feuding Arabs and Berbers at the peninsula to accept him as leader.
Who was Idris bin Abdullah and what was his contribution to the Islamic Civ?
A descendent of Ali and Fatima, he escaped from Arabia after the failure of a Shiite revolt in 786 and at the old Roman capital of Volubilis, he created a tribal coalition which quickly conquered S. Morocco.
Who was Idris II and what was his contribution to Islamic Civ?
He was son of Idris bin Abdullah, founded Fez in 808.
The descendents of Ibrahim ibn Aghlab in Ifriqiya, Harun al-Rashid's governor, was granted what in return for annual tribute?
He was given autonomy and developed a dynasty that remained until 909.
What major principle did the Kharijis hold by and where were their three independent states established?
Principle: election required of an imam or caliph.
States: Wargala oasis, Tahert, and Sijilmassa.
Who was Idris II and what was his contribution to Islamic Civ?
He was son of Idris bin Abdullah, founded Fez in 808.
What was the main purpose of the revival of the caliphate by the Ottoman sultans?
To give them rights over the Muslims under European power, as Europe had over the sultan's Christian subjects.
What did the Abbasid caliphate under Harun al-Rashid (r. 764-809) mark for the Abbasids and the caliphate (3 broad aspects)?
1. The height of military conquest and territorial acquisition.
2. The caliphate spread from India and Central Asia's borders to Egypt and N. Africa.
3. The Golden Age.
Before assuming the caliphate from his murdered brother al-Hadi, in what two ways did Harun al-Rashid serve his causes?
1. As military commander (his campaigns against the Byzantines moderated the situations of war)
2. Governor of Ifriqiya (today's Tunisia), Egypt, Syria, Armenia, and Azerbaijan.
Upon becoming caliph in 764, who did Harun al-Rashid create diplomatic relations with?
With Charlemagne (r.742-814) the Byzantine emperor and with China.
How did Sufism and Shiism survive under the reign of Harun al-Rashid?
Sufism flourished, while a policy against the Shiites was instituted.