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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
global political system
the patterns of intereactions among international political actors
state vs. nation
state has sovergnity, territory, etc
nations are a groups of people tied together by common values, language, culture, etc. NOT political
anarchy vs. chaos
anarchy: global systems not regulated by any over-arching laws/institutions
chaos: no predictability or order
schematic reasoning
"we see what we are trained to see"
interpretation according to metaphors, scripts, stereotypes
cognitive dissonance
"we see what we want to see"
differences between existing beliefs and new data
constructivism
"we see what we expect to see"
mental maps shape attitudes
factors influencing perceptions of world politics
-psychological needs/drives
-views of ItNa affairs
-Images advanced by leaders
-images of world history
-opinions of associates
-attitudes of respected policymakers
-personal position and role
ideology
shape how adherents view and interpret world politics
"core philosophical pronciples about life, politics, and way people should behave"
mirros images
the tendency of states and people in competitive interaction to perceive each oher similarly-to see others the same hostile way others see them
ex. US vs SU
3 levels of analysis
-individual
-state
-system
global north vs global south
North: wealthy, north of equator
South: less developed, south of equator (third world)
agenda
issues, problems, controversies
politics
who gets what
economics
allocation of scarce resources
great powers
wealthy countries, biggest influence
nonstate actors
IGO: intergovernmental government organizations
NGO: nongovernmental government organizations
low plitics
economy, social issues
high politics
security and political relations
globalization
intergration of states and peoples, declining importance of borders
interdependence
life in one state depends on the conditions of other states
geo-economics
study between geography and econ.
geopolitics
study geo, and pol.
human rights
political rights and civil liberties recognized as inalienable
sustanable growth
economic growth that does not deplete the resources necesarry to mantain growth
current history approach
focus on specific contemporary historical events rather than theoretical explanations for a a IR
theory
a hypothesis relating variables
describe explain predict
falsifiable and stand test of time
paradigm
-way of looking at a particular subject
-structures our inquiry and interpretation
Constructivism
-paradgm based on agreement
Liberalism (def of)
-reasons and ethics overcome anarchy
-order through cooperation
-international institutions key
-associated with "idealism"
Liberalism (aspects of)
-unity rather than national loyalties
-the individual/human right/civil libertis
-ideas and education promote world peace
-free international trade
-avoid secret diplomacy
-terminate interlocking allainces
-self-determination of nationalities
-promote democracy
-begins with WW and 14 points
Liberalism (criticism of)
-most leaders dont accept it
-institutions still state-determined
-states do what no else does
-people are no better than they were before
public goods
shared values from which every actor in n exchange benefits (such as water) even if each party doesn't contribute the same
collective security
s security regime that ensures safety of all involved, aggression receives a unified, collective response
Realism (basis of)
-Anarchy characterized international system
-world politics is a struggle for power
-Each state pursues its national interests
-realpolitik
Realpolitik
prepare for war to preserve peace
Realism (tenets of)
-people are selfish, ethically flawed, compete for advantage, lust for power
-prime interest of state is to promort national interest "raison d' état"
- struggle for power
-system requires state to acquire power
-military power is most important
-do not trust allies
-resist efforts to control state
-use flexible alliances to mantain a balance of power
Realism (criticism of)
-did not explain cooperation after WWII
-many propositions not easily testable
-disregards ethical principals
-focuses on military might at economic and social expense
feminist critique
-women excluded from power
-male policymakes downplay injustices to women
-sexism pillar of war system
-realism inattentive to human rights
-focus on increasing international cooperation
complex interdependence
growing ties among transnational actors increases both vulnerability and sensitivity
International Regimes
"institutionalized or regularized patterns of cooperation with respect to a given issue of problem to established rules"
-issue areas
-rules and norms
-institutions
-regularized behavior
transformation
a change in the characteristic pattern of interaction among the most active participants in world politics of such magnitude that it appears that one "global system" has changed another