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28 Cards in this Set

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intergovernmental organizations (IGOs
institutions created and joined by states´ governments, which give them authority to make collective decisions to manage particular problem(s) on the global agenda.
nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
transnational organizations of private citizens maintaining consultative status with the UN; they include professional associations, foundations, multinational corporations, or simply internationally active groups in different states joined together to work toward common interests.
collective security
a security regime agreed to by the great powers that set rules for keeping peace guided by the principle that an act of aggression by any state will be met by a collective response from the rest.
Group of 77 (G-77)
a coalition of the world´s poor countries formed in 1964 to press for concessions from wealthy Global North states (see. p. 211).
transnational banks (TNBs)
the globe´s top banking firms, whose financial activities are concentrated in transactions that cross state borders.
nationalism
a mindset glorifying a particular state and the nationality group living in it that sees the state´s national interests as a supreme value.
indigenous peoples
the native ethnic and cultural inhabitant populations within countries ruled by a government controlled by others, referred to as the ÒFourth World.Ó
The thesis that in the twenty-first century a "clash of civilizations" would occur between the world's major civilizations was developed by whom?
Samuel Huntington
Business enterprises headquartered in one state that invest and operate extensively in other states are labeled:
Multinational corporations
Which of the following terms is used to describe the cooperation between multinational corporations and foreign companies in the same industry?
Strategic corporate alliances
laissez-faire economics
the philosophical principle of free markets with little governmental regulation (see p. 309).
Marxism-Leninism
communist theory as derived from the writings of Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, and their successors, which criticizes capitalism as a cause of class struggle, the exploitation of workers, colonialism, and war.
nonstate actors
all transnationally active groups other than states, such as organizations whose members are states (IGOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) whose members are individuals and private groups from more than one state.
least developed of the less-developed countries (LLDCs)
the most impoverished members of the Third World in the Global South.
dependency theory
a theory that less developed countries are exploited because global capitalism makes them dependent on the rich countries which create exploitative rules for trade and production.
Nonaligned Movement (NAM)
a group of more than one hundred newly independent, mostly less-developed states that joined together as a group of neutrals to avoid entanglement with the superpowers´ competing alliances in the Cold War and to advance the Global South´s common interests in economic cooperation and growth.
foreign aid
economic assistance in the form of loans and grants provided by a donor country to a recipient country for a variety of purposes.
Laissez-faire economics is based on a philosophical belief in a compassionate alternative to liberal capitalism.
False
What role do multinational corporations play in the Global South? Will they help or hinder these nations' efforts to improve their economic situation?
ESSAY QUESTION
How have multinational corporations and other business-related organizations affected international relations and foreign policy?
ESSAY QUESTION
Human Development Index (HDI)
an index that uses life expectancy, literacy, average number of years of schooling, and income to assess a country´s performance in providing for its people´s welfare and security.
refugees
people who flee for safety to another country because of a well-founded fear of persecution.
irredentism
efforts by an ethnonational or religious group to regain control of territory by force so that existing state boundaries will no longer separate the group.
gender inequalities
differences between men and women in opportunity and reward that are determined by the values that guide states´ foreign and domestic policies.
The UN uses the Human Development Index to
Demonstrate how well a country is providing for its people's welfare and security.
What affects has globalization had upon human development?
ESSAY QUESTION
globalization
according to the International Monetary Fund, Òthe increasingly close international integration of markets both for goods and services and for capitalÓ (see p. 45).
underemployment
a condition critics trace to trade globalization in which a large portion of the labor force only works part-time at low pay in occupations below their skill level.