Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is an ionic bond
Ionic bonds are bonds formed by the attraction of oppositely charged ions
What is an ionic bond
Ionic bonds are bonds formed by the attraction of oppositely charged ions
What is a metallic bond?
A metallic bond is formed by the attraction between positively charged metal ions and the electrons around them.
What is a covalent bond?
A covalent bond is a bond formed when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons.
What is a polyatomic ion?
A polyatomic ion is an ion made of two or more atoms that are covalently bonded and that act like a single ion.
Molecular formula
A chemical formula that reports the actual numbers of atoms in one molecule of a compound
organic compound
any covantly bonded compound that contains carbon.
polymer
a large organic molecule made of many smaller bonded units.
biochemical compound
any organic compound that has an important role in living things.
carbohydrate
any organic compound that is made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and that provides nutrients to the cells of living things
protein
a biological polymer made of bonded amino acids
amino acid
any one of 20 different naturally occuring organic molecules that combine to form proteins
reactant
a substance that undergoes a chemical change
product
a substance that is the result of a chemical change
chemical energy
the energy stored wiithin atoms and molecules that can be released when a substance reacts
exothermic reaction
a reaction that transfers energy from the reactants to the surroundings as heat
endothermic reaction
a reaction in which energy is transferred to the reactants as heat from the surroundings
synthesis reaction
a reaction of at least two substances that forms a new, more complex compound
decomposition reaction
a reaction in which one compound breaks into at least two products
electrolysis
the decomposition of a compound by an electric current
decomposition reaction
a reaction in which one compound breaks into at least two products
combustion reaction
a reaction in which a compound and oxygen burn
single-displacement reaction
a reaction in which atoms of one element take the place of atoms of another element in a compound
double-displacement reaction
a reaction in which a gas, a solid precipate or a molecular compound is formed from the apparent exchange of ions between two compounds
reduction/oxidation (redox) reaction
a reaction that occurs when electrons are transferred from one reactant to another
radicals
the fragments of molecules that have at least one electron available for bonding
acid
a substance that donates hydrogen ions, H+ to form hydronium ions, H3O+ when dissolved in water