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15 Cards in this Set

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What is the "current ratio"?
The current ratio examines the relationship between current assets and current liabilities, and is the best-known liquidity measure.
What is the "quick ratio"?
The quick ratio relates current liabilities to only relatively liquid current assets (cash items and accounts receivable).
What is the "cash ratio"?
The cash ratio is the most conservative liquidity ratio, and relates cash and short-term investments to current liabilities.
What does the "gross profit margin" indicate?
the basic cost structure of the firm
What does the "operating profit margin" indicate?
Variability in operating profit margins is a prime indicator of business risk.
What does the "net profit margin" indicate?
This margin relates net income to sales.
Return on Total Capital
This ratio indicates the firm's overall return on all the capital it used.
What does "Return on Owner's Equity" indicate?
The Return on Owner's Equity indicates the rate of return earned on the capital provided by owners.

(The return on Owner's Equity is different from the Return on Total Equity, as it accounts for preferred dividends.)
What does "Return on Total Equity" indicate?
The Return on Total Equity indicates the rate of return on all equity in the enterprise.

(As it is calculated based on ALL equity, as opposed to common equity, it does not discount for preferred dividends)
What is the Coefficient of Variation (CV)?
The Coefficient of Variation gives a standardized measure of overall business variability (risk)
What is operating leverage and what does it indicate?
A measure of the volatility of operating earnings compared to sales. The greater the volatility of a firm's operating earnings compared to sales, the greater the operating leverage.

(Traditionally, the higher the fixed costs, the higher the operating leverage)
What does the "debt/equity ratio" indicate?
It's a measure of a company's financial leverage, and represents the relationship between debt financing vs. equity financing.
What does the "total debt ratio" indicate?
It's a measure of total debt to total capital

(it can be especially useful when a lot of a firm's capital is derived from short-term debt)
What does the "interest coverage ratio" indicate?
It indicates how capable a company is to pay its fixed interest charges, based on current earnings.
What does the "total fixed charges ratio" indicate?
It indicates how capable a company is to pay its total fixed financial charges (including noncancellable lease payments and preferred dividends paid after taxes).