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31 Cards in this Set

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invasions of the Germanic tries that led to the fall of the roman empire-following resulted
disruption of trade, declining in learning, ruralization of pop.
Treaty of Verdun
ended civil war in the empire established by Charlemagne
northmen
vikings
fief
lord's estate
tithe
represented 10% of a peasant's imcome, church tax (peasants paid multiple taxes to live on manor including tithe to village priest
knights
traded military service for land pledged to defend lord's land followed chivalry
sacrament
baptism; religious ceremonies
in 1100 the holy empire covered most of...
what is present-day germany
Frederick 1
famous for red beard-Barbarossa
canon law
referes to laws of church
secular
refers to matter of things that are worldly
Charles Martel
became a hero at the Battle of Tours by defeating Muslim invaders
interdict
removal of the right to perform sacrament or religous services in a certain land
Gaul
Franks occupied this region
serfs
can't lawfully leave the place where they were bord

lords couldn't sell/buy swerfs
vassals
wealthy landowners such as nobles and bishops
monasteries
religious communities- Pope came after monasteries and made Church secular
Carolingian dynasty
reign of Franish rulers

Charlemagne
Charlemagne
Charles the Great plus seized control of kingdom
Pope Urban 11
emperor asked for help against Muslim Turks

issued the call for "holy war"
Reconquista
effort to drive Muslims out of Spain-Spanish crusades
Inquistion
tribunal held by the church to suppress heresy

heretics had different belief than chuch
Magna Carta
nobles wanted to keep fuedal rights + limit kings power

guaranteed no taxation without representation
Eleanor of Aquitaine
brought more lands from France-married Louis VII of France and Henry II
parliament
2 burgesses and 2 nights to be legislative group

House of Commons + model parliaments
3-field system
farmers could grow crops on 2/3 of land instead of .5
food production increase + pop increase
heavy plow
plow used by oxen
very large and heavy
horse collar
harness fitted across horse's chest

replaced oxen
windmills
used to dry out wet lands plus served as houses
population boom
more healthier food
better farming methods
100 years war
war that Edward III launched for the French throne