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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the study of drugs that alter functions of living organisms?
What is also called "Drug Therapy" and is the use of drugs to prevent, dignose, or treat signs and symptoms, and disease processes?
What does drug therapy aim to do?
lessen disease processes rather than cure them
Drugs given for therapeutic purposes are called?
Drugs such as sunscreen lotions that mainly act at the site of application are those with?
Local Effects
These drugs are taken into the body and circulated through the blood stream to their sites of action in various body tissues? Most drugs are given for this effect.
Systemic Effect
This law and its amendemants regulate the manufacture, distribution, advertising, and labeling of drugs?
The Food,Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938
This ammendment has designed drugs that must be prescribed by a physician and dispensed by a pharmacist?
The Durham-Humphrey Amendment
This is charged with enforcing the Controlled substance Act?
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
Title II of this law, passed in 1970, called the Controlled Substance Act, regulates the manufacture and distribution of narcotics, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, and anabolic steriods?
Comphrehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act
Prescriptions for what schedule drugs can't be refulled;a new precription is required?
Schedule II
Products containing moderate amounts of controlled substances. They may be dispensed by the pharmacist w/out a Doc's order, but w/ some restrictions regarding amount,& record keeping?
Schedule V
Example of a Schedule V drug?
Antidiarrheal drugs such as diphenoxylate and atropine (Lomotil)
Drugs w/ some potential for abuse?
Schedule IV
Examples of Schedule IV drugs?
benzodiazepines(diasePAM,lorzePAM,temzePAM) other sedative hypnotics (phenobaribital, chloral hydrate)and some prescription appetite suppressants(mazindol, phentermine)
Drugs with less potential for abuse, but can lead to psychological or physical dependence?
Schedule III
Examples of Schedule III drugs?
Androgens and Anabolic Steriods, Ketamine, some CNS stimulants(benzphetamine) and mixtures containing small amounts of controlled substances(codeine, barbiturates not listed in other schedules)
Drugs that are used medically and have high abuse potentials?
Schedule II
Example of Schedule II drugs?
Opoid Analgesics: (codiene, hydromorphone, methadone, meoeridine, morphinem oxycodone, oxymorphone)CNS stimulants (cocaine, methamphetamine, methylphenidate)and Barbiturate Sedative-Hypnotics (amobarbital, pentobarbital,secobarbital)
Drugs that are not approved for medical use and have high abuse potentials?
Schedule I
Example of Schedule I drugs?
Flunitrazepam(Rohypnol),GHB, herion, LSD, marijuana, MDMA or ecstasy, mescaline, peyote, tetrahydrocannabinol
A status of "1P" indicates what?
A new drug reviewed in a priority basis & w/ some therapeutic advantages over similar drugs already available
A status of "1S" indicates?
Standard review and drugs w/ few if any, therapeutic advantages
Most newly approved drugs are?
1S prescription drugs
What involes the cost of drug therapy, including costs of purchasing, dispensing, storage, administration, lab and other tests, losses due to expiration,and length of illness or hospitalization?
Most modern medications are?
Synthetic products manufactured in labs
What is the standard by which similar drugs are compared?
A prototype drug