Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/205

Click to flip

205 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
"Timbang" means an idea of ___________
Balance
In the Philipino culture who decides on health care decisions?
The family as a whole
What are the main professions of Filipino women?
Nurses and teachers
What is the dominant religion of Filipinos?
Roman Catholic
An age old folkloric art of healing that includes massage therapy and "timbang" accupressure is _________ (Filipino)
Hilot
Filipinos add the word "___" as a suffix to show respect.
Po
in Filipino culture a hand to the forehead of an elder is a sign of _________
respect
Filipinos use a mixture of ginger, lemon, and olive oil to get rid of _______ _____
excess phlegm
The 3 stars on the Filipino flag symbolizes the 3 _____ ________ of the Philippines
main regions
Most money that is sent to the Philippines comes from their U.S. _________
families
The Islamic religion is one of the world's _______ _______ religions
fastest growing
Muslims are mostly ________ ________
African Americans
When delegating work with a Muslim patient, the RN should be primarily concerned about finding a worker who is ___ ___ _____ sex as the patient
of the same
When getting a Muslim patient ready for physical examination the RN needs to remember to respect the patient's need for _________
modesty
When a Muslim patient comes in for an exam and you can't provide them w/a long gown what is the best alternative?
Let them wear their own gowns and do exam over gown in order to respect privacy and faith
When advocating for a Muslim patient during a hospital stay at the time of Ramadan, they may need to have their meals served ______ the sun ______ and after it _____
after
rises
sets
When administering medications to a Muslim patient you should make sure you use your ______ hand
right
An RN culturally sensitive to Muslim gender relations would when possible give the _____ ____ care
same sex
When assessing the diet of a Muslim woman who is pregnant one should know that even during ______ some pregnant women may _____ during the day.
fast
After surgery the Muslim patient shouldn't eat _____
pork
There are about _______ Russians living in Sacramento.
125,000
Russians are _____-_________ and like to make decisions as a group.
non-individualistic
Russians see the absence of disease as being ________
healthy
Russians typically distrust most people due to their __________ background
Communist
If a Russian patient is dying, they will always have a ________ _______ sitting with them until they die
family member
The doctor is seen as the ultimate ________ and is expected to be the _____ of the healthcare team.
authority
head
_____ or ______ remedies are extremely popular in the Russian culture
Folk
traditional
In Russia, medical care is ______
free
If a patient gives an RN a box of candy it is just a show of their __________ and not a ________
appreciation
bribe
Russians drink a lot of _______ and a lot of ____
alcohol
tea
For treatment of symptoms, the most common resource in the Hispanic culture is ________ ________
herbal remedies
When it comes to medications, the Hispanic culture find the ________ medications and are often _________ with doctor's orders and/or recommendations
cheapest
noncompliant
The elderly in Mexico is always adressed by their _____ name
last
You speak a little Spanish & your patient speaks very little English but she can fully comprehend. After discussing the discharge instructions, she nods her head when you ask her if she understood what you just said. It's very important that this patient follow the discharge instructions, as a nurse what would you do to ensure that she fully understand the instructions?
Ask her to repeat everything back
What Hispanic group makes up over 50% of the national Hispanic population?
Mexicans
What Californian city boasts the largest Hispanic population?
Los Angeles
HIV and AIDS is viewed in Mexican American culture as "________ for ____"
punishment
sins
With Mexican American children, school has the main _________ for educating children and parents shouldn't _______ the teacher
responsibility
question
Abortion in the Mexican American culture is accepted under ____ circumstances
no
When do most Mexicans decide to go to the hospital?
Only in an emergency
Eye contact with American Indians is considered _________
disrespectful
American Indians perefer a ________ handshake.
light
The expression of pain to the American Indian is seen as a sign of __________
weakness
________ are highly esteemed in the American Indian culture.
Women
American Indians use "_______ _____ medicine" to treat " ______ _____ diseases".
white man's
white man's
American Indians are often reluctant to share _______ _________
personal information
The number ___ is a symbolic one to the American Indians
4
________ medicine often compements that of _______ medicine.
Traditional
Western
_________ is the most widely used language with the American Indians
Navajo
American Indians use _____ as a means to ask for things in life.
dance
With Samoans, _______ space is important
physical
The average Samoan is ____ years younger than the average American
14
American Samoans are more likely to be _________ if 21 or older
disabled
With Samoans, genetic defects is considered _______ for a bad husband during __________
punishment
pregnancy
Samoans will use _________ medicine first and then _________ medicine
traditional
Western
The most important thing to the Samoans is the _________
household
__________ is very important to Samoans as they may take up to ___ showers per day
Cleanliness
3
With Samoans, the _______ takes care of elders until _______
family
death
Samoans experience _____ complications with obesity than others do.
less
With Samoans, maintain ____ ________.
eye contact
The use of _______ reasoning involves a rigorous approach to clinical practice & demonstrates that critical thinking can't be done ___________
intellectual
haphazardly
________ are general explanations used to explain, predict, control & understand commonly occuring events
Theories
The nurse theorist associated with the concept of adaptation is _____ _______ ____
Sister Callista Roy
________ _______ ________ states that the sum of the parts is different from and less than the whole
General Systems Theory
The disequilibrium associated with change that may result in either the person or the environment requiring an adjustment is called _________
adaptation
The nurse theorist associated with the concept of self care is _________ _____
Dorothea Orem
_____ ______ = very broad
___-_____ ______ = less broad
_____ ______ = most specific
Grand Theory
Middle-Range theory
Micro Theory
Theory-based nursing practice is very imporrtant because it ______ nurses to challenge _________ nursing interventions.
enables
traditional
Maslow identifies the most fundamental human needs to be __________
physiological
The CSUS Nursing Theoretical Framework is based on ________ _______
reciprocal adaptation
There is a variation of Miwok individuals who are ________ whereas there are others who are more assimilated to the _______ culture
traditional
Western
When “_________” at someone simply gaze at their ______. Do not take offense if the Miwok patient is not looking directly into your eyes
looking
shoulder
With Miwoks, handshake is ______, forefingers are _______ touched
light
slightly
____ ____ ____ means a sign of death in the Miwok culture
Wah tib' sah
Miwoks ______ believe in autopsy unless ________
don't
mandated
Miwoks believe that the medicine man has _______ power and can _____ anyone
spiritual
cure
The Miwok patient is not very __________ towards strangers and so there is a _______ amount of talking
communicative
limited
In the Miwoks, women are highly _________ and ________
respected
esteemed
In the Miwok culture when the female is _________, she is not allowed to handle any _____ whatsoever. She is also not allowed to eat ____ ______
menstruating
food
red meat
Miwok people traditionally don't believe in ______ donation, but their views are _______
organ
changing
More than ____ % of people in India use herbal remedies as the principal means of preventing and curing illness
80
_________ is a traditional Indian system of medicine used as a means for preventing and curing illnesses.
Ayurveda
It is NOT true that ___% of Asian Indians speak only English at home
35
There are approximately ______ Asian Indians residing in Sacramento
27,000
Whispering and ______ are ___ commonly accepted in Asian Indian culture
winking
not
______ displays of _______ are unacceptable touch practices in Asian Indian culture
Public
affection
A common health problem among Asian Indians is ________
diabetes
_______ is a "law of behavior and consequences" in which an Asian Indian patient may feel theat his/her illness is caused by
Karma
Indian patients are more comfortable with the ____ -sex health care provider.
same
In Asian Indians, health care decisions are frequently discussed w/in the immediate ______ before seeking outside help.
family
__________ research is generally objective and uses data-gathering techniques that can be repeated by others and verified.
Quantitative
_________ _________ is general/universal to specific/particular
Deductive reasoning
In the scientific method which is NOT true:
A. the problem is defined
B. ethical questions are answered
C. data are collected
D. a solution to the problem is devised.
B
A study conducted on a new area of research where little information is available & provides a basis for the conduct of other types of quantitative research is ________
descriptive
The relationship of nursing research to nursing theory can be described as ________
circular
An example of _______ ______ is reasoning from a single diabetic patient to all diabetic patients.
inductive
A question that should be answered by _______ rather than by _______ _______ is "How many sexually active adolescents are using safe sex?"
research
problem solving
T/F: Qualitative research is useful in understanding the perceptions, feelings, and motivations of the research subjects.
True
In which step of the quantitative research process do data collection and data analysis occur?
implementation
The research process differs from the nursing process in that it has a _______ _______
broader focus
A code of ethicsprovide a foundation for professional nursing. a nurse's use of ethical responsibility can best be exemplified when the nurse _________ delivers __________ care
consistently, competent
A community health nurse states "I wish we had just a portion of the dollars spent repairing atherosclerotic hearts to teach the community about cardiovascular risk factors" this statement describes the philosophy of ________.
utilitatianism
your client is about to undergo a new, controversial bone marrow transplant procedure. this procedure may cause periods of pain and suffering. Event hough you agree to do no harm, this procedure may be necessary to promote health. this example describes the ethical principle of ________.
nonmaleficence
The steps in the ethical decision making process is (6 steps)
Clarify, gather data, identify options, decide, act, evaluate
the ethical principle underlies the state in the code for nurses "the nurses safeguards the client's right to privacy by judiciously protecting information of a confidential nature is ________.
beneficence
The duty to promote good for others is _____.
beneficence
the duty to do no harm is _______.
nonmaleficence
the duty to respect indivduals right to make own decisions is ______.
autonomy
the duty to treat all people fairly and equally is _____.
justice
encouraging a pt to take part in planning and implementing his/her own care suggests that the nurse values the ethical principle of _____.
autonomy
the element of health care that is most responsible for the ethical dilemma " is health care a right or a privelege" is the __________ of costs.
escalation
the ethical prinicple applied when the nurses reports poor nursing practice is __________.
veracity
the research process differs from the nursing process by having a ________ focus.
broader
the way problem solving differs from research is problem solving addresses problems that are ________ specific and relies on ________knowledge and _____ ______.
situation
practical
common sense
the scientic method gained popularity following the _____.
renaissance
a researcher designs a study that uses a random sampling method to decrease the likelihood of bias in the study sample. this strategy was used to implement _____.
control
the scientific method is somewhat less useful in nursing because ____ _____ are less controllable than lab. animals.
human beings
which of type of research involve at least SOME control by the researcher to implement the study treatment?
experimental
general to universal to speific/particular is an example of ________ reasoning.
deductive
research conducted to examine the relationships and devlop and refine explanatory knowledge nursing pratice is _______. c
correlational
what is not a requirement for an experimental study?
repeated measures
in what step of the quantitative research process do data collection and data analysis occure?
implementation
a study conducted on a new area of research where little information is available and provide a basis for the conduct of other types of quantitative research is ____.
descriptive
statement that are taken for granted or are considered ture, even though they have not been scientifically tested are_________.
assumptions
a research study describing the benefits of ambulation follwing abdominal surgery would be an example of ______ type of research evidence.
description
the category of research suggested by 'does telephone follow-up by nurses improve pts' compliance with thir medication regiments?'
applied research
a theory generator is usually _______ prepared.
doctoral
a masters prepared nurses is an example of _____ tester.
concept
a data collector should have what type of degree or higer?
BSN
the primary researcher is usually ________ prepared.
doctoral
a research replicator would be the _____ prepared nurse.
masters
the problem identifier would have a ____ or higher.
BSN
who are the consumers of research findings?
all nurses
which is a true statement about the relationship of nursing research to nursing theory and practice?
A- research rarely affects nursing practice
B- research questions often arise from practice
C- research is unable to prove nursing theory
D- theory and practice are more revelant than research
B
_______ are the branch of philosophy that studies the propriety of certain courses of action.
Ethics
______ are the rules of condict established by a government & applicable to the people whether in the form of legislation or custom
Laws
________ are established rules or standards that guide behavior in situations in which a decision about right and wrong must be made.
Morals
________ are the social principles, ideas, or standards held by an individual, class, or group that give meaning and direction to life.
Values
Determining where you stand on nursing issues is an important step in ________ __________
value clarification
_________ is giving others their due. _______ is the obligation to honor commitments to oneself and others. _________ is do no harm
Justice
Fidelity
Nonmaleficence
__________ is self-governing freedom from the influence of others. _________ is the ethical principle of doing good. _______ is truthfulness
Autonomy
Beneficence
Veracity
It may be difficult to practice autonomy in situations where patients can not ________ make their own _________
always
decisions
Identify the six steps used in an ethical decision-making model.
1. Clarify the ethical dilema
2. Gather additional data
3. Identify options
4. Make a decision
5. Act
6. Evaluate
The ________________________ serves as a guideline for nurses regarding ethical behavior.
ANA's Code of Ethics for Nurses
Ethical decision-making models are helpful in determining the best _____ to take concerning an _______ _________
action
ethical dilema
_________ is the ethical theory that the rightness or wrongness of an action depends on the inherent moral significance of the action.
Deontology
________ is an ethical theory asserting that it is right to maximize the greatest good for the hapiness or well-being of the greatest # of people.
Utilitarianism
_______ _______ states that descriptions of character portray a way of being rather than the process of decision making.
Virtue ethics
What Act gives patients the legal right to determine how vigorously they wish to be treated in life or death situations.
The Patient Self-Determination Act
________ _______ are legal documents that indicate the wishes of individuals in regard to end-of-life issues
Advance Directives
Advance directives are designed to ensure individuals the rights of _________, refusal of medical _________, and death with _______.
autonomy
intervention
dignity
_____ ________refers to a spectrum of techniques used to maintain life after the failure of one or more vital organs.
Life support
_____ science tells us the "is" and is basic. _____ science is practical and is what nursing tends to do more of. Tells us how to deal with it.
Pure
Applied
Some ways of knowing include tradition, ______ & ______, personal ________, authority, borrowed _______, research, role ________, and intuition
trial & error
experience
knowledge
modeling
Galileo and Sir Isaac Newton are usually credited with developing and refining the ________ ________.
scientific method
"All the St. bernards I have encountered are gentle, therefore St. Bernards are gentle" is an example of ________ reasoning
inductive
"All schoolchildren like chocolate" and "Missie is a schoolchild" and therefore she likes chocolate is an example of _______ reasoning
deductive
Limitations of the scientific method include that the clinical setting _______ be compared to the lab setting, ______ issues, and human beings are _______ organisms.
cannot
ethical
complex
Research solving: ________ experienced problems, _______ framework, review of the _________, and generalizable.
Widely
theoretical
literature
Problem solving: ________ specific, whatever ______, practical, and useful in immediate ________
situation
works
situation
All nurses should be involved in _________, but more practically, as aminimum, every nurse should use ________ to improve their practices. (same word)
research
Baccalaureate nurses should ____, _____ and _____ research for applicability to nursing practice.
read, interpret and evaluate
Master's prepared nurses may be ready to _______ studies that have been previously conducted.
replicate
when it comes to research participation:
student nurses are ______.
BSN nurse is ____ identifier and _____ collector.
MSN nurse is _______ and _________ tester.
Doctoral nurse is ______ generator.
Postdoctoral nurse is ____ ______ director.
consumer
problem identifier and data collector
replicator and concept tester
theory generator
funded program director
Research solves ________ experienced problems, has a _______ framework, reviews _______ and it generalizable.
Widely
theoretical
literature
Steps of the research process are:_____ identification, structure the ________=methodology, ____ ________, evaluation, describe _________ and outcome ___________.
problem
study
data collection
findings
dissemination
Qualitative research is when you ________ and is ________.
interview
subjective
Quantitative research is a study that collects ______ data and is ________.
numerical
objective
A type of qualitative research known as grounded theory have the purpose of research to develop a ______.
theory
Research ideas are generated from three sources: _____ ______, _______ and _______.
clinical practice
literature and theory
Relationships among nursing research, practice and theory are ________.
circular
Nursing research improves ____ ______.
patient care
Research studies have demonstrated the ____ ______ of nurses as health care providers.
cost-effectiveness
knowledge from practice is validated through research.
power
nursing research enhances that status of nursing as a ______.
profession
Florence Nightingale's contribution to nursing is factors affecting _____ and ______.
morbidity and mortality
Esta McNett's contribution to nursing is she demonstarted efficacy of masks for reducing the spread of ____.
TB
Christine Miaskowski's contribution to nursing is the gender differences in response to _____.
narcotics
Peter Buerhaus's contribution to nursing is the nursing ______.
ratio
Marlene Kramer's nursing contribution was why nurses ______.
leave
Key sources for nursing research are: national institute for _____ ______, _____ ___ ___, ANA, _____ _____organizations and specialty groups.
nursing research
sigma theta tau
nursing specialty
Theory _____ the nursing profession and _____ research.
elevates
guides
The four concepts that provide stucture for most nursing theories/models are: health care ______/_____, _____, ______ and _____.
consumer/client
environment
health
nursing
Health care consumer/client may be an ________ or group.
individual
Health is a continuum ranging from completely health state to completely _____ state which leads to death.
unhealthy
Environment in living conditions, air and water quality, interpersonal factors & social interactions, as well as internal environmental factors such as ______ beliefs, ______ orientation and ______ response.
religious
sexual
emotional
Nursing delineates the ____ & ____ of nurses.
function
role
In the Health Belief Model one is suseptible to _____/_____, the disease is ______, therapy works and the therapy is not as bad aas the disease.
illness/injury
severe
What six characteristics are in the concept of caring? (All start with C)
conscience
confidence
compassion
committment
competence
comportment
The nurse manifests ______ as he or she assists the health care consumer in preventing or adapting to actual or potential health problems.
caring
In the CSUS Nursing Theoretical Framework _______ knowledge, attitudes, values and skills is a component.
developing
_____ ______ is a sustaining process where one continually adjusts to environmental factors.
reciprocal adaptation
In the CSUS Nursing Theoretical Framework there's a change in _____ according to change in environment (reciprocal adaptation)
curriculm
The significance of a holistic approach is nursing is the " _____ & ______ of human responses to actual or potential health problems." (ANA)
diagnosis & treatment
Philosophies provide broad general views of nursing that _____ values and answer _____ disciplinary questions. It's abstract.
clairfy
broad
Conceptual models/frameworks are broad conceptual structures (________ frameworks) providing comprehensive, holistic perspective of nursing through the interrelationship of delineated concepts.
organizing
Theories are composed ____ of ______ which are related in statements or proposition. They are building blocks.
sets of concepts
Grand theory is ____ in scope and complex.
broad
Middle Range theory focus between ____ and micro as a scope.
grand
Micro theory is the least complex and most _____.
specific
Nightingale, Hendersen, Watson and Benner are in the _______ category.
philosophy
Johnson, King, Levine, Neuman, Orem, Rogers, Roy, Gordon and NANDA are in the ______ ______ category.
conceptual frameworks
Family systems theory, Orlando, Leininger, Newman and Parse are in the ______ ____ theory category.
Middle-Range Theory
Madeleine Leininger developed the ____ ____ theory.
cultural care
The CSUS Summative Outcomes are:
1.______ knowledge
2.______ the environment
3.demonstrate proper use of
_____ ______
4. Performs ____ in a compotent, responsible and professional manner
5. exhibits _______
6. incorporates _____ principles while providing leadership
7._______ respectfully, effectively and consistently
8. identifies own values, beliefs and behaviors
9. performs _____ skills
10.Promotes ______ development
11.demonstrates _____ in information access.
1. synthesize
2. analyzes
3. nursing process
4. duties
5. compassion
6. management
7. communicates
9. nursing
10. professional
11. competence