Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/83

Click to flip

83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Smell/Fragrance
Aroma
Treatment
Therapy
Aromotherapy uses pure essential oils extracted from many parts of a plant or flower creating these affects
Psychological and Physiological
The same person can be affected differently by the same oil depending on what?
Surroundings, time of day, and mood
During Biblical times the three wise men brought what to the baby Jesus?
Gold, Frankincense, and Myrrh
Which Bibilical passage mentions aromatherapy?
John 12:3
Early recordings of aromatherapy occured over 4000 years ago in which countries?
Egypt and India
What did the Egyptians use aromatherapy for?
Massage oils, embalming preparations, medicine, skin care, perfume, and cosmetics
What was the name of the medical practices aromatherapy was used for in India?
Ayurveda
Who was the first to use the phrase 'aromatherapy'?
Rene-Maurice Gattefosse a french chemist
How did Gattefosse discover aromatherapy?
He saw that lavendar oil healed his burn quickly without scaring
What book did Gattefasse write?
Aromatherapie
When did Gattefosse coin the phrase 'aromatherapy'?
1928
Who wrote 'The Practice of Aromatherapy'?
Dr. Jean Valnet a french scientist
Who used essential oils to treat war wounds during WWII?
Dr. Jean Valnet
Where were the first aromatherapy clinics established?
Paris, Britain, and Switzerland
How often do olfactory nerve cells regenerate?
Every 30-40 days
We perceive odors through what nerves in our nostrils?
Olfactory nerves
The olfactory system in relation to the brain has a 'lock and key' mechanism for remebering scents. What is the lock and what is the key?
The lock is the memory and the key is the scent
What happens if the aroma is unfamiliar?
The brain creates a new memory
Basil
Top note
Bergamot
Top note
Cinnamon
Top note
Clary Sage
Top note
Clove
Top note
Eucalyptus
Top note
Everlasting
Top note
Lemon
Top note
Lemongrass
Top note
Lome
Top note
Neroli
Top note
Niaouli
Top note
Orange
Top note
Peppermint
Top note
Pettigrain
Top note
Sage
Top note
Spearmint
Top note
Tea tree
Top note
Thyme
Top note
Camphor
Middle note
Carrot
Middle note
Chamomile
Middle note
Cypress
Middle note
Fennel
Middle note
Geranium
Middle note
Grapefruit
Middle note
Hyssop
Middle note
Juniper
Middle note
Lavender
Middle note
Marjoram
Middle note
Melissa
Middle note
Oregano
Middle note
Palmarosa
Middle note
Rosemary
Middle note
Violet leaves
Middle note
Benzoin
Base note
Cedarwood
Base note
Frankincense
Base note
Jasmine
Base note
Myrrh
Base note
Parsely
Base note
Patchouli
Base note
Bulgar rose
Base note
Moroc rose
Base note
Sandalwood
Base note
Tagetes(marigold)
Base note
Ylang ylang
Base note
Characteristics of a top note
Deep penetrating
sharp smelling
stimulating
aroma can last up to 24 hrs
Characteristics of middle notes
Make up the bulk (50%) of the formula
round out the sharpness of a top note
last up to 3 days
Characteristics of base notes
Most lasting impression
last up to 1 week
penetrates into the skin more
Four methods of EO absorption
Topical
Internal
Oral
Inhaled
Topical absorption
using external skin via touch, compress or bath
Internal absorption
Using internally via mouthwashes, douches or suppositories
Oral absorption
Via gelatin capsules or diluted in honey, alcohol, or a dispersant
Inhaled absorption
Directly or indirectly, with or without steam
Topical application
Carrier oil; 2% dilution; 20-25 drops per 2 oz
Bath: 10-30 drops or 10 drops per tsp of carrier oil
Compress: 2-3 drops per 6" on wet gauze or linen
Inhalation application
Simplest and fastest method
EO extraction methods
Distillation
solvent extraction
enfleurage
maceration
expression
Distillation method
Most common EO extraction method
Solvent extraction method
Used for absolutes
Enfleurage method
Very old; pressed between plates with cold fat; can take 1-2 months
Maceration method
pressed between plates with hot fat
Expression method
Known as cold press method; only with citrus oils