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41 Cards in this Set

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median plane aka
midsagittal plane
name sagitttal plane for
the structure it intersects
horizontal plane aka
axial, transaxial, transverse
name horizontal plane for
the structure it intersects
planes that mark the four abdominal quadrants
median plane & transumbilical plane
names of four quadrants
RUQ, LUQ, RLQ, LLQ
planes that mark the nine abdominal quadrants
2 midclavicular planes, subcostal plane, transtubercular plane
subcostal plane
horizontal division at inferior portion of ribs
transtubercular plane
horizontal division at L5 through the iliac tubercles
superficial
nearer to surface
intermediate
between a superficial and a deep structure
deep
farther from surface
medial
nearer to median plane
lateral
farther from median plane
posterior (dorsal)
nearer to back
inferior (caudal)
nearer to feet
anterior (ventral)
nearer to front
superior (cranial)
nearer to head
proximal
nearer to trunk or point of origin
distal
farther from trunk or point of origin
dorsal surface of hand
dorsum
palmar surface of hand
palm
dorsal surface of foot
dorsum
plantar surface of foot
sole
extension
angle extends to 180 degrees
flexion
angle becomes more narrow/acute
supine/supination
on back (on spine)
pronation/prone
on stomach
opposition
bring fingers together (against each other)
reposition
move fingers apart/back to anatomical position
four basic imaging modalities
x-ray/plain film, CT scan, MRI, & ultrasound
position of part studied in relation to film (on x-ray)
closest to film
PA
film is anterior; rays travel from back to front; object of interest is anterior
AP
film is posterior; rays travel from front to back; object of interest is posterior (on back)
x-rays best for
bone
CT best for
dense tissues & structures
MRI best for
soft tissue details
ultrasound best for
real-time visualization of moving structures
ultrasound + doppler used for
evaluating blood flow
best technique for pregnant women & children
ultrasound (non-ionizing energy)
4 basic histological tissues
epithelium, connective, nervous, & muscle