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26 Cards in this Set

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psychology
greek: psych-soul
logos=to study
study of mind & behavior
mind
our private innner experience of perception, thoughts, memories & feelings
behavior
observable actions of human beings and non human animals
nativism
the philosophical view that certain kinds of knowlege are innate or inborn
philosophical empiricism
the philosophical view that lal knowedge is acquired through experience
phrenology
a now defunct theory that specific mental abilities & characteristics,from memory to happiness, are localized in specific regions of the brain
physiology
the study of biological process, especially in the body
stimulus
sensory input from the envirnment
reaction time
amount of time taken to respond to a specific stimulus
consciousness
a person's subjective experience of the world and mind
structuralism
the analysis of the basic elements that constitute the minds
introspection
the subjective observation of one's own experience
functionalism
the study of the purpose mental processes serve in enabling people to adapt to their environment
natural selection
Darwin's theory that the features of an organism that help it survive & reproduce are more likely than other features to be passed on to subsequent generations
Gestalt psychology
a psychological approach that emphasizes that we often perceive the whole rather than the sum of the parts
hysteria
a temporary loss of cognitive or motor functions, usually as a result of emotionally upsetting experience
unconscious
the part of the mind that operates outside of conscious awareness but influences conscious thoughts, feeling and actions
psychoanalytic threory
Sigmund Freuds approach to understanding human behavior that empasizes the importance of unconscious mental processes in shaping feelings, thoughts & behavior
psychoanalysis
a therapeutic approach that focuses on bringing unconscious material into conscious awareness to better understand disorders
humanistic phychology
approach to understanding human nature that empasizes the positive protential of human beings
behaviorism
approach that advocates that psychologist restrict themselves to the scientific study of objectively observable behavior
behavioral neuroscience
approach to psychology that links psychological process to activities in the nervous system and other bodily processes
cognative neuroscience
field that attempts to understand the links between cognitive processes and brain activity
evolutionary psychology
psychological approach that explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilites that are preserved over time by natural selection
social psychology
a subfield of psychology that studies the causes and consequences of interpersonal behavior
cultural psychology
the study of how cultures reflect and shape the psychological processes of their members