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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
stratification
system which society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy;layers according to power, prestige, and property
Solutions for poverty
remove obstacles for employment; improve edu; family strength
Status inconsistency
(Ray Gold)
janitors that are unionized made more $ than imp jobs(teachers...)
Socail mobility
-intergenerational-generation to generation
-structural-no indiv efforts
-exchange-stays the same
Factors to determine a persons status
-power
-wealth
-personal prestige
-occupational
-education
-pattern of diff. interaction
-class consciousness
-value and goal similarity
Horatio Alger Myth
(functionalist)
"rags to riches" "try and succeed", belief serves as a motivator
Consequences of classes
Health-die diff ages,nutrution
Family life-rich/poor,divorce
Religion-styles of worship
Political-vote patterns,laws
Poverty
-Am dream is a misnorm to most
-comes and goes, can be caused be trauma
-generally short lived
Erik Olin Wrights classes
-prob with diff types of workers and managers
Capitalist
Petty Bourgeosie
Managers
Workers
Patterns of poverty
-in the south more
-often in rural areas
-less educated
-Female headed families
-Af. Am. and latinos
August Hollingshed
performed a study on stratification, Elmstown Youth
poverty line
official measure of poverty;1960's=poor thought to spend 1/3 of earnings on food;these #'s have changed but the law has not and that effects $ given to poor
Erik Olin Wright
noticed contradicting class locations, where the class has contradictory interests
Welfare Reform
1960'a; people must look for work while on welfare
Conflict theory of stratification
(marx and weber)
no clear cut def'n; each have diff lifestyles;
marx=determine by those who hold the means of production
weber=lrge grp that rank close to another in wealth,
power and prestige
Conflict theory of stratification
result from desire of power; compete for higher power of scarce resources;awards from inheritance,coercion and explotation
Functional theory of stratification
(davis and moore)
it is a functional imperative for society to be stratified..it must be;group life could not be w/out it; motivates, desires;
Income
salary, wages, other earnings
weatlh
property, assets and income
Kohl and Gilberts 6 classes
-issues in each, old rich vs new rich
Capitalists
Upper Middle
Lower Middle
Working Class
Working Poor
Underclass
Theories of stratification
Functional and Conflict
Socail Class
no clear cut def'n; each have diff lifestyles;
marx=determine by those who hold the means of production
weber=lrge grp that rank close to another in wealth,
power and prestige
Distrubution of wealth
-1% of US families earn more than entire 90%
-CEO's are the richest
-wealth and power form a grp