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41 Cards in this Set

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Developmental Psych
The study of how humans grow and change physically, intellectually and socially from concepion to death
Prenatal Development
0-13
Adult Development
14-death
Nature
Stability;consistency over time
Nurture
Ways that are cultivated/learned over a period of time
2 types of experiment in dev psychology
longitudinal and cross sectional
longitudinal Study
legnthy studies in which the same people are studied multiple times
Cross-sectional Study
The study of many ages once and comparison of cross ages.
Cohort Effect
The time period you grew up in will incluence your attitudes and behaviors.
Nature -vs- Nurture Studies
Minnesota Twins Study and Adoptions Study
Minnesota Twins Study
ID twins that were sep @ birth, found similaities in many ways in spite of sep
Adoption Studies
Is child (separated) more like biological parents or adoptive parents. *Usually more like bio mom.
3 Stages of Prenatal Development
Zygotic, Embryotic and Fetal
Zygotic
0-14 days (fertilized egg)
No job assigned, ball of cells
Embryotic
14 days - 2 months (embedded in uterus wall)
Fetal
2 months - birth
Endoderm
Inner most;heart, lungs and vital organs
Mesoderm
Middle Layer; muscles and bones
Exoderm
Outer most layer; skin, hair and placenta
Teratogens
Agents that enter a woman's body during pregnancy and cause harm
What do fetuses like
Blood
Oxygen
Why don't some fetuses get affected by teratogens?
Amount
Timing
Combo of teratogens
Hardiness of Fetus
Teratogens
Cigarrettes
Alcohol
Drugs
Illness/Disease
Personality
A person's characteristic patterns of behaving, thinking and feeling.
How is personality measured
Observation
Self-Report
Two types of Self-Report
Objective Personality Test
Projective Personality Tests
Obj Personality Test
Ask you directly about your feelings, thoughts and behavior
Projective Personality Disorder
Person projects personality onto an ambiguous stimulus.
Ambiguous Stimuli
Unclear msg from the outside world
Examples of Ambiguous Stimuli
Ink Blot Test (Rorshach)- what do you see in ink blot?
Thematic Aptitude Test (TAT)-"what happens next"
Libido
Sex drive; life force
Erogenous Zone
Areas parts of body in which sexual pleasure is derived.
3 Components of personality according to Freud
Id, Ego, and Super-Ego
Id
Controls sex, hunger, lust, basic instincts
*pleasure principle
Ego
Goal= Mediator; referee
Super-Ego
Conscious, morality, gate keeper; gaurdian angel
Goal in life:
Satisfy Id w/o violating Super-Ego
Stage Theory
Humans develop in stages, can't move on to next stage until last stage is complete
Ex: To read a book; letters->words->sentences->paragraphs
Stage Theory Description
-Adulthood is formed by early childhood
-each stage is related to a spec. erogenous zone
-fixation;stuck at a stage
Stage Theories
Oral (birth-2) erog zone-mouth
Anal (2-4) erog zone- anus
Phallic (4-6) erog zone-penis
Psychological Stages of Devel
-Oral
-Anal
-Phallic
-Latency
-Genital Stage