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60 Cards in this Set

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An excitation that travels along an axon at a constant speed. On-Off Switch.
Action Potential
Electrically excitable cells in the vervous system that function to process and transmit information.
Neurons
Chemicals that are used to relay, amplify, and modulate electrical signals between a neuron and another cell.
Neurotransmitters
A chemical naturally produced in the body. A neurotransmitter. Promotes activity levels and facilitates movement.
Dopamine
Plays a role in sleep and mood changes.
Serotonin
An inhibitory neurotransmitter found in the nervous system. Interferes with the process of memory formation.
GABA
Includes the brain and spinal cord and it communicates with the rest of the body. Controls behavior.
Central Nervous System
Part of peripheral nervous system. Communicates with the skin and muscles.
Somatic Nervous System
Bundles of axons between the spinal cord and the rest of the body.
Peripheral Nervous System
2 chains of neurons that cluster to the L & R of spinal cord. Responsible for fight or flight response.
Sympathetic Nervous System.
Axons extending from Medulla and spinal cord to neuron clusters near the internal organs. Decrease HR, promotes digestion, non-emergency functions.
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Chemical messenger from one cell to another produced in glands and released into the bloodstream.
Hormone
Middle of 3 vesicles that form the brain. Medulla and pons are located here.
The Midbrain
Regulates overall arousal of the brain.
Reticular Formation
Contains the Cerebellum.
The Hindbrain
Controls rapid sequences of actions such as dribbling a basketball. Sensory perception and motor output.
Cerebellum
Front most section of brain. Cerebral Cortex is located here.
The Forebrain
Outer surface of forebrain. 2 hemispheres L & R. Sensation and motor control of opposite side of body. Gray Matter
Cerebral Cortex
The sense of smell. Detection of chemicals dissolved in air.
Olfaction
Intensity that an individual can detect a stimulus 50% of the time.
Sensory Threshold
The ability to detect sound.
Hearing
Ability to detect a flavor of food and other substances. Detects chemicals on the tongue.
Taste
Sense of position and movement of the head and limbs relative to the trunk.
Kinesthesis
An unpleasant sensation that sends messages to receptors to the spinal cord.
Pain
A chemical that controls brain speed.
Acetylcholine
Research Methods.
1) Develop Hypothesis.
2) Test Hypothesis.
3) Measure the outcome.
4) Develop Conclusions.
Focuses on uncovering the underlying drives and motivations of people.
Psychodynamic Approach.
Focuses on consciousness, values, and abstract beliefs including spiritual experiences.
Humanistic Psychology
Focuses on thinking processes and acquiring knowledge.
Cognitive Approach
What individuals do as a result of consequences of post actions rather than what individuals think.
Behavioral Approach
Explain behaviors such as genetic factors that influence abnormal brain development.
Biological Approach
Founder of American Psychology.
William James
A tendency to experience unpleasant emotions easily. Ex. hostility. BIG FIVE
Neuroticism
Seeks stimulation and enjoys company of other people. Ex. happy people. BIG FIVE
Extraversion
Compassionate toward others, not antagonistic, concerned about others, trusting. BIG FIVE
Agreeableness
Shows self-discipline, dutiful, strives for achievement. BIG FIVE
Conscientiousness
Tendency to enjoy new experiences, open to new ideas, enjoys meeting new people. BIG FIVE
Openness
People: Founder of Psychoanalysis. Stages of sexual development, personality structure, defense mechanisms.
Sigmund Freud
People: Collective Unconscious.
Carl Jung
People: Individual Psychology.
Alfred Adler
People: Self-actualization and self-concept.
Carl Rogers
People: Hierarchy of needs.
Abraham Maslow
Type of disorder: Anxiety, Depressed Mood.
Adjustment Disorders
Type of disorder: Agoraphobia, Generalized Anxiety, PTSD, OCD, Panic, Phobias.
Anxiety Disorders
Type of disorder: Amnesia, Fugue, Dissociate Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality), Depersonalization Disorder.
Dissociative Disorders
Type of disorder: Anorexia, Bulimia.
Eating Disorders
Type of disorder: Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Kleptomania, Pathological Gambling,
Pyromania,
Trichotillomania
Impulse-Control Disorders
Type of disorder: Bipolar, Major Depressive Disorder, Cyclothymic, Dysthymic.
Mood Disorders
Type of disorder: Antisocial Personality, Borderline Personality, Narcissistic Personality.
Personality Disorders
Type of disorder: Schizophrenia,
Brief Psychotic, Delusional, Shared Psychotic.
Psychotic Disorders
Type of disorder:
Exhibitionism, Fetishism,
Frotteurism, Pedophilia,
Sexual Masochism,Sexual Sadism
Transvestic Fetishism,
Voyeurism
Sexual Disorders
Type of disorder: Sleep Terror, Sleep Walking, Nightmare, Narcolepsy, Insomnia, Hypersomnia.
Sleep Disorders
Type of Disorder: Pain, Hypochondriasis, Conversion, Somatization, Body Dysmorphic.
Somatoform Disorders
Average of the scores. (sum of all scores divided by the total number of scores).
Mean
Arrange all scores from highest to lowest and take the one in the middle.
Median
The most frequently occuring score.
Mode
Providing reinforcement after a predetermined number of correct responses?
Fixed-Ratio
Providing reinforcement after a variable number of correct responses?
Variable-Ratio
Reinforcement for the first response made after a specified time interval?
Fixed-Interval
Reinforced after a variable amount of time has lapsed?
Variable-Interval