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40 Cards in this Set

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Factors that Motivate Eating
Psychological
Biological
Social
Cultural
Factors involved in eating
Oral signals
Stretch and sensory receptors
Chemical signals
Oral Signals
Taste
Stretch and sensory receptors
Located in the stomach and signal satisfaction
Chemical Signals
Hormons, like insulin
Factors involved in eating
Hypothalamus
Psychological response
Hypothalamus
iniating and supressing eating
Lateral- when to eat
Ventromedial- when to stop eating
Psychological response
Not hungry but want it
Eating Disorders
A psychological disorder characterized by:
Disturbed patterns of eating
Maladaptive ways of controlling body weight
Eating disorder facts
present in women more
Begin in early adulthood
2 million college women have eating disorders
Diagnostic Features of Anorexia Nervosa
.5% or women
Refusal to maintain body weight
Strong fear of gaining weight
Distorted body image
Absence of 3 or more menstrual cycles
Subtypes of Anorexia Nervosa
Binge eating/Purging type

Restrictive type
Binge eating/Purging type
They do it to get thinner
Restrictive type
obessivly control diet by counting food
Medical Complications of Anorexia
Examples include:
Dry, cracking skin
Fine hair
Heart irregularities
Low blood pressure
Gastrointestinal problems
Muscle weakness
Dagnostic features of Bulimia Nervosa
1-3% of women
Recurrent episodes of binge eating(5,000 to 10,000 calories) as shown by both eating unusual high amout of food in 2 hour period and the loss of control over food intake.
Regular inappropiate behavior to prevent weight gain
A minimum average of 2 episodes per week over at least a 3 month time period
Persistent over concern with weight and shape
They purge so they don't gain weight NOT TO BE THIN
Medical Complications of Bulimia
Skin irritaion around the mouth
Decay of tooth enamel
Abdominal pain
Disrupted menstrual functions
Muscle weakness
Cardiac irregularities
Causes of Eating disorders
Sociocultural factors
Psychosocial factors
Family factors
Biologial factors
Sociocultural Factors
Pressure to obtain a unrealistic image. Like media images
Psychosocial Factors
Got to be perfect
Family Factors
Your family tells you that you are fat
Biological Factors
They have low levels of seratome
Treatment Approaches to Eating Disorders
Family therapy to solve family issues
Behavioral therapy for weight gain
CBT for self-defeating thoughts
Anti-depressants
Sexual Motivation
Differences between:
Sex and other motives
nonhumans and humans sexual motives
approiate vs notapproiate
Approiate for a speices to live longer

Not Approiate for just one person

We do it for pleasure
Research on Sexual Motivations
Masters & Johnson
Results(1966)
Cycle respons to sexual behavior with 4 stages
1. Stage
Excitement
Beginning of arousal
Bodily changes- pluse increase, increase breathing
Blood flow increases to genitals
2. Stage
Plateau
Physical arousal builds
Penis becomes fully erect
Clitoris withdrawals under clitoral hood
Vaginal lubrication continues
3. stage
Orgasm
It is the shortest phase
Blood pressure and heart rate reach peak
Muscles contract in:
Vaginal walls and uterus
Penis
Men= 1 intense orgasm
Women= multiple orgasms
4. Stage
Resolution
Arousal slouly subsides
Body returns to normal rates
Males experience refractory period
Sexual Behavior in Aulthood
National health and social life survey- asked about first sexual experience
Adults (50-59) first sexual experience
now only 1/3
Marriage
By age 30, 90% have married

Majority are faithful
How often do people have sex
1/3 have sex more than 2 times a week
1/3 have sex more than 2 times a month
1/3 have sex 2 or less times a year
Sexual behavior in adulthood
Married/cohabiting- most are having sex

85% report being physically and staifactlly statisfed
Sexual Fantasies
95% or people report sexual daydreams

Men have more daydreams then women
3 most common sexual fantasies
Reliving and exciting sexual experience

Imagining sex with current partner

Imagining sex with different partner
ways Men and Women Differ
Roles
Images
Multiple Partners
Roles
Men are more aggressive

Women are more passive
Images and Multiple Parners
Men are more explict they picture things

Women are more romantic they like candles and flowers
Preferred Sexual Activites
Vaginal Intercourse
Watching Partner undress
Receiving oral sex
Giving oral sex