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103 Cards in this Set

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WITH NETWARE YOU COULD BUILD A SUPER-COMPUTER PC AND LOAD A SPECIAL OS CALLED ______ _______ _______.
NETWORK OPERATION SYSTEM
MICROSOFT DEVELOP A PARTNERSHIP WITH IBM TO DEVELOP _______ IN AN ATTEMPT TO UNSEAT NOVELL FROM ITS DOMINANT NOS POSITION.
OS/2
THE FIRST VERSION OF WINDOWS NT WAS RELEASED IN ______.
1993
NT WAS DESIGNED WITH THE NEEDS OF THE _______ ________ IN MIND, WHERE _____, ______, AND ___________ ARE KEY FEATURES.
BUSINESS NETWORK.
SECURITY.
STABILITY.
ADMINISTRATION.
FIRST RELEASED NT VERSIONS ARE:
NT 3.1 FOR REGULAR PC'S AND
ADVANCED SERVER 3.1.
IN _____ WINDOWS NT4 WORKSTATION AND SERVER WERE RELEASED.
1996
ONE ISSUE THAT KEPT PEOPLE FROM USING NT WAS ITS NEED FOR LOTS OF _______.
POWER.
WINDOWS NT5 WAS RENAMED TO ____ _____.
WINDOWS 2000.
WINDOWS 2000 IS NOT JUST A SINGLE OPERATING SYSTEM; IT IS A _______ ___ _________ ______ _____ _______ _______.
FAMILY OF OPERATING SYSTEMS AND NETWORKING PRODUCTS.
WINDOW 2000 IS CONSIDERED BY ___ ________ _____.
ALL COMPUTER USERS.
WINDOWS 2000 FAMILY OF OPERATING SYSTEMS CONSISTS OF:
PROFESSIONAL.
SERVER.
ADVANCED SERVER.
DATACENTER SERVER.
2000 SERVER CAN RUN ON A SYSTEM CONTAINING ____ CPU'S AND UP TO ___ GB OF RAM.
4.
4.
2000 ADVANCED SERVER CAN RUN ON A SYSTEM CONTAINING ____ CPU'S AND UP TO ___ GB OF RAM.
8.
64.
2000 DATACENTER CAN RUN ON A SYSTEM CONTAINING ____ CPU'S AND UP TO ___ GB OF RAM.
32.
64.
WHAT ARE THE BASIC DIFFERENCES OF XP HOME AND XP PRO?
PRO CAN HANDLE MULTIPLE CPU'S SYSTEMS AND CATER TO SPECIFIC NEEDS OF BUSINESS.
WIN 95 CAN RUN ON A ___ SYSTEM, AND WIN 98 CAN RUN ON A ___ SYSTEM.
386.
486.
HCL
HARDWARE COMPATIBILITY LIST.
HARDWARE COMPATIBILITY LIST IS:
LIST OF HARDWARE THAT HAS BEEN TESTED AND APPROVED TO WORK WITH WIN 2000 AND/OR XP.
A MINIMUM SYSTEM REQUIREMENT FOR WINDOWS 2000 PRO IS ___MB OF RAM, A ____ MHZ P2 CPU, AND _____ GIGABYTES OF AVAILABLE HARD DRIVE SPACE.
64.
350.
SEVERAL.
THE POPULARITY OF AN OPERATING SYSTEM GENERALLY DETERMINES WHAT, AS FAR AS SUPPORT?
WHICH DEVICES ARE SUPPORTED
WINDOWS ____ HAS NO REAL SECURITY.
9x.
ONE OF THE FUNDAMENTAL TASKS AS A COMPUTER USER IS _______ AND ________ INFORMATION.
MANAGING.
ORGANIZING.
RUNNING OUT OF DISK SPACE IN EARLIER VERSIONS OF WINDOWS CAN _______ THE ENTIRE HARD DRIVE.
CORRUPT.
A SINGLE HDD IS ALWAYS GIVEN A LETTER. SOMETIMES THIS DRIVE/LETTER COMBINATION IS CALLED A _______.
VOLUME.
FAT
FILE ALLOCATION TABLE.
FILE ALLOCATION TABLE DOES WHAT?
KEEPS TRACK OF FILES AND THEIR DIRECTORIES FOR THE OS TO FIND THEM.
THE FAT16 CANNOT HANDLE THE AMOUNT OF DATA STORED ON DRIVES LARGER THAN ____ GB.
2.
FAT32 CAN ALLOWS FOR PARTITION AS LARGE AS _____ GB OR 2 _______.
2048.
TERABYTES(TB).
ALL VERSIONS OF WINDOWS CAN READ AND USE ______ PARTITIONS.
FAT16
THERES AN OLD SAYING IN THE COMPUTER BUSINESS THAT GOES "_______ ____ ______ __ ____ ___ _____ _______."
DATA WILL EXPAND TO FILL THE AVAILABLE SPACE.
WHEN A HARD DRIVE IS PARTITIONED IT IS SUBDIVIDED INTO SMALLER SECTIONS CALLED ________.
SECTORS.
ON NTFS VOLUMES, WHAT KEEPS TRACK OF WHERE EACH PIECE OF FILE BELONGS?
MASTER FILE TABLE(MFT)
MFT
MASTER FILE TABLE
WHEN A FILE IS SPLIT APART ACROSS A DRIVE A FILE IS SAID TO BE __________.
FRAGMENTED.
WHEN DEFRAGMENTING A DRIVE, WHAT ARE SOME GUIDELINES YOU SHOULD FOLLOW?
>TURN OFF SCREAM SAVER AS WELL AS OTHER PROGRAMS THAT RUN AUTOMATICALLY.
>SHUT DOWN ALL OPEN PROGRAMS.
>DONT DEFREAG TOO OFTEN.
ON NTFS VOLUMES OF WINDOWS 2000/XP YOU CAN COMPRESS FILES AND FOLDERS BY DOING WHAT?
OPEN -PROPERTIES- -ADVANCE BUTTON- CHECK -COMPRESS CONTENT- BOX.
SOME GRAPHIC FILES ARE ALREADY COMPRESSED, SUCH AS ____, ___, ___, AND VARIOUS ____ FILES. OTHER FILES THAT DONT COMPRESS EFFECTIVELY ARE ___ AND MSOFFICE VERSIONS OF ___, ___, AND ___ FILES.
JPEG.
GIF.
PNG.
TIF.
EXE.
DOC.
XLS.
PPT.
THE ____ FILE SYSTEM, ALL BY ITSELF, ADDS A SIGNIFICANT BARRIER TO INTRUDERS.
NTFS
3 WAYS TO OPEN
-CONTROL PANEL-
1.OPEN -MY COMPUTER- YOU WILL SEE IT.
2.RIGHT-CLICK -START- BUTTON -EXPLORE- FIND IT IN THE LEFT WINDOW PANE.
3.-START-SETTINGS-CONTROL PANEL-.
-REGIONAL SETTINGS MANAGER-
CONTAINS WHAT PAGES(TABS)
>GENERAL OPTIONS GENERAL.
>NUMBER.
>CURRENCY.
>TIME, DATE.
>INPUT LOCALES.
EXPLAIN:
-REGIONAL SETTINGS MANAGER-
-REGIONAL OPTIONS GENERAL TAB-
IDENTIFY THE REGION WHERE YOU ARE LOCATED.
EXPLAIN:
-REGIONAL SETTINGS MANAGER-
-NUMBERS-
NUMBER SYSTEM.
EXPLAIN:
-REGIONAL SETTINGS MANAGER-
-CURRENCY-
CURRENCY SYSTEM.
EXPLAIN:
-REGIONAL SETTINGS MANAGER-
-INPUT LOCALES-
ADD ADDITIONAL LANGUAGES THAT ARE LOADED EACH TIME THE COMPUTER IS TURNED ON.
ALLOWS YOU TO SETUP HOT-KEYS SEQUENCE FOR CHANGING FROM ONE LANGUAGE TO ANOTHER.
EXPLAIN:
-MOUSE MANAGER-
-MOTION-
-SNAP TO DEFAULT-
IS TO SAVE TIME BY HAVING THE POINTER AUTOMATICALLY GO TO THE DEFAULT BUTTON EACH TIME YOU OPEN A NEW DIALOG BOX.
-MOUSE MANAGER-
CONTAINS WHAT TABS?
BUTTONS.
POINTER.
MOTION.
HARDWARE.
WINDOW 2000
-MOUSE MANAGER-
-HARDWARE-
-PROPERTIES-
CONTAINS WHAT TABS?
GENERAL.
ADVANCED SETTINGS.
DRIVER.
RESOURCES.
POWER MANAGEMENT.
-KEYBOARD MANAGER-
CONTAINS WHAT TABS?
SPEED.
INPUT LOCALES.
HARDWARE.
EXPLAIN
-KEYBOARD MANAGER-
-SPEED-
CHARACTER REPEAT.
REPEAT DELAY.
REPEAT RATE.
CURSOR BLINK RATE.
EXPLAIN
-KEYBOARD MANAGER-
-INPUT LOCALES-
WHERE YOU TELL WINDOWS WHAT LANGUAGE CHARACTER SET TO USE.
-SOUND AND MULTIMEDIA MANAGER-
CONTAINS WHAT TABS?
SOUND.
AUDIO.
HARDWARE.
EXPLAIN:
-SOUND AND MULTIMEDIA PROPERTIES-
-SOUND-
WINDOWS EVENTS WITH ASSOCIATED SOUNDS.
SOUND SCHEME.
EXPLAIN:
-SOUND AND MULTIMEDIA PROPERTIES-
-AUDIO-
FOR SELECTION OF THE BEST CARD FOR SOUND PLAYBACK, SOUND RECORDING, AND MIDI MUSIC PLAYBACK.
HOW DO YOU ACCESS THE DISK UTILITIES?
>DOUBLE-CLICK -MY COMPUTER-
>RIGHT-CLICK LOCAL DISK(C:)ICON
AND SELECT PROPERTIES.
WINDOWS 2000
WHAT TABS ARE CONTAINED IN THE -LOCAL DISK (X:)PROPERTIES(DISK UTILITIES)-?
GENERAL.
TOOLS.
HARDWARE.
SHARING.
SECURITY.
QUOTA.
-LOCAL DISK PROPERTIES-
-GENERAL-TAB
CONTAINS:
VOLUME LABEL.
TYPE.
FILE SYSTEM.
USED, FREE SPACE.
CAPACITY.
DRIVE LETTER.
[DISK CLEANUP]BUTTON.
-COMPRESS DRIVE-CHECK BOX.
-ALLOW INDEXING FAST FILE SEARCHING-CHECK BOX.
WHAT IS CONTAINED IN THE
-LOCAL DISK PROPERTIES-
-TOOLS-TAB
[CHECK NOW]BUTTON.
[BACK UP NOW]BUTTON.
[DEFRAGMENT NOW]BUTTON.
EXPLAIN:
-LOCAL DISK PROPERTIES-
-TOOLS-TAB
[CHECK NOW]BUTTON
RUNS CHECK DISK TO EXAMINE THE SYSTEM FOR ERRORS.
-FIX ERRORS-CHECK BOX.
-RECOVER BAD SECTORS-CHECK BOX.
-LOCAL DISK PROPERTIES-
-TOOLS-TAB
[BACK UP NOW]BUTTON
CONTAINS WHAT TABS?
WHAT DO EACH TAB CONTAINS?
-WELCOME-TAB
CONTAINS:
[BACK UP WIZARD]ICON BUTTON
[RESTORE WIZARD]ICON BUTTON
[EMERGENCY REPAIR DISK]ICON BUTTON
-----------------------------------
-BACKUP-TAB
CONTAINS:
EXPLORER TYPE WINDOW TO SELECT FILES FOR BACKUP.
-----------------------------------
-RESTORE AND MANAGE MEDIA-TAB
CONTAINS:
EXPLORER TYPE WINDOW TO SELECT RESTORED FILES.
-----------------------------------
-SCHEDULE JOBS-TAB
CONTAINS:
FUTURE BACK UP POINTS SETUP TO START AUTOMATICALLY.
WIN2000
TWO WAYS TO OPEN -DISK MANAGER-
1.-START- -PROGRAMS- -ADMINISTATIVE TOOLS- -COMPUTER MANAGEMENT- -DISK MANAGEMENT-
2.RIGHT-CLICK -MY COMPUTER- -MANAGE-
THE TRICK IS TO CREATE ENOUGH __________ IN A SYSTEM TO BOTH SAVE TIME AND MAKE EASY BACKUPS, WITHOUT HAVING SO MANY THAT YOU GET CONFUSED WHEN YOU SEARCH FOR YOUR DATA.
PARTITIONS.
A SINGLE HARD DRIVE CAN HAVE MORE THAN ONE _____ LETTER ASSIGNMENT. IN EFFECT, YOU CAN HAVE SEVERAL "DRIVES" ON THE SAME ________ ____.
DRIVE.
PHYSICAL DRIVE.
WHAT ARE THE THREE WINDOWS PARTITION SCHEMES?
FAT16.
FAT32.
NTFS.
EXPLAIN:
RIGHT-CLICK -MY COMPUTER- -MANAGE- -DISK MANAGEMENT- RIGHT-CLICK C-DRIVE OPENS SELECTION BOX, SELECT -CHANGE DRIVE LETTER AND PATH- [ADD]BUTTON.
IT IS TO MOUNT(ATTACH) THE VOLUME(DRIVE) TO AN EMPTY NTFS FOLDER. WHICH WILL ALLOW YOU TO ACCESS THE VOLUME THROUGH THAT FOLDER. NOTE! "THE FOLDER'S ICON WILL CHANGE TO A DRIVE"
IBM and others had been building networked systems for many years by the time we learned about Microsoft. The difference with the new PCs was that they had _____ __ _____ ___.
power of their own.
Sharing wasn't a big problem until the documents grew larger than the capacity of a ______ ____.
floppy disk.
Types of Networks:
Sneakernet = stand-alone computer.
peer-to-peer.
Client-server network.
Explain:
Sneakernet
A stand-alone computer. Which is not connected to any others. The only network is sneakernet(where files are carried by disk and carried by a user wearing sneakers)to other computers. It is the ultimate in security.
What is the largest network ever conceived?
Internet.
Remote workstation
A computer connected to another network or the Internet.
Explain:
peer-to-peer
This network is a collection of similar computers with a common connection. Typically between 2 to 12 machines.
The key aspect of a peer-to-peer network are that __ _____ __ __ ______ of the other, and each computer is __________ of the other.
no computer is in charge of the other.
independent.
A peer-to-peer network group of computers is called a _________.
workgroup.
Explain:
client-server network
Requiers that one computer, the server, is dedicated to acting as a central repository of account and login information, and usually files and applications.
Typically, the server maintains what type of systems?
e-mail.
data backup.
special applications.
connection to resources.
The server is rarely used as a typical computer. It is normally a __________ machine.
dedicated
In Microsoft networks, communication with the server requires the client to join a ______.
DOMAIN.
DOMAIN
basic Microsoft client-server network.
What accounts are created automatically when installing Windows NT/2000/XP?
Administrator and Guest.
When you create a new account, you can specify that it becomes a particular type of user, such as an _____________, _____ ____, _____, or ____.
administrator, power user, guest, or user.
Each type of account has a different set of ______ and ___________, which means they can access different file areas and perform different actions within the system.
rights and permissions.
Most security experts agree that you set up a ___ ____ _______, for your daily work, rather than use the _____________ account all the time.
new user account,
administrator.
What are 2 good reasons to do all day-to-day work as a regular user instead of as an Administrator?
1.Placing restrictions on yourself can prevent you from making inadverent configuration changes.
2.It also prevents viruses(trojan horses, scripts)to damage system files, since they are restricted from the user, neither does the virus.
What is the difference between a LOCAL ACCOUNT and a DOMAIN ACCOUNT?
a LOCAL ACCOUNT has all its login information locally, which the correct login info grants you access to the local system. Whereas a DOMAIN ACCOUNT all its login information is on the server and the correct login info will let you access to the server's available resources.
Explain:
Profiles
Local user accounts in the same computer with the ability to customize each user's GUI.
When does Security becomes an issue?
When you add a modem, establish e-mail accounts, and browse the web.
In advancements with new processes. A new set of _____ must be understood, accepted, and handled.
risks.
What are Hackers after?
Passwords and account logins.
credit card numbers.
identification information.
e-mail and online-chat archives.
customer information.
pricing and product costs.
software source codes.
personnel information.
free rides.
Hackers want:
Passwords and account logins
they can do what?
Whatever they want with your system. It is the first step in a large plan.
Hackers want:
credit card numbers
they can do what?
your accont can be emptied and you get to fix the damage.
Hackers want:
identification information
they can do what?
open new accounts, loans, and credit cards. Once this happens, huge amounts of money can be spent on your name.
Hackers want:
e-mail and online-chat archives
they can do what?
Not just embarrassement against you. They can find personal and valuable information in your e-mails.
Hackers want:
customer information
they can do what?
Credit card numbers and List of customers and their buying habits are extremely valuable to competitors.
Hackers want:
pricing and product costs
they can do what?
to sell it to competitors.
make the information public.
Hackers want:
free rides
they can do what?
free internet access.
Typically, a domain provides a ____ ______, which is essentially just a big hard drive for storing your data and documents.
file server.
What is the process for sharing a folder or printer in a workgroup?
1st you need to install -File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks.
>right-click -My Network Places- on the desktop -properties- open -Local Area Connection- -properties- click [install]button -services- -add- choose -File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks.
2nd.right-click on the folder to share click -sharing-tab -share this folder-radio check.
What are the steps to implement password protection in Windows 2000 login screen?
-control panel- open applet -Users and Passwords- check -Users must enter a user name and Password to use this computer-box.
In the box entitled -Users for this computer- select user.
Where do you go to create and manage User Accounts?
right-click -my computer- -manage- In the left pane select the directory -Local Users and Groups-
In the -Users and Passwods- dialog box the Administrator can change any of the user _________ without knowing the current ________ except the Administrator, since you have to know the current ________.
password
What is
right-click [x]folder
-properties-
-Sharing-tab
for?
Control access to files and folders on drives across a network. Involves networked computers.
What is
right-click [x]folder
-properties-
-Security-tab
for?
Specify access rights within local accounts.
Explain the icons:
2heads,
1head, and
2small heads in:
right-click [x]folder
-properties-
-Security-tab
[add]button.
>2heads OO= groups used across the network. By default, they are considered part of every computer.
>1head O= belong to local computer, active users.
>2small heads oo = belong to local computer, common groups that may be used by the local computer.