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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the range of the human ear?
what determines tone color?
Overtone series (why different things sound different)
Describe Rhythm in the general sense
music organized in time (a specific relation of long and short notes)
What is an interval
the distance between 2 pitches
Describe Handel's Contribution to Classical Music
George F. Handel wrote many italian cantatas early on in his musical career. He later left Italy and began to write Operas in other countries, i.e. "Rinaldo" in London. He also wrote quite a few "anthems." However, Opera Remained his central interest. Later, he moved to the religious forms of Opera, writing many Oratorios. His most famous work is the "Messiah" that was popular during the Lent season when theatrical opera was prohibited.
Describe Bach's Contribution to Classical Music
Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and organist during the Baroque era, composing and performing numerous oratorios, sonatas and suites. His supreme achievement was his use of polyphonic textures and Protestant religious was the root of all of his art. He was a pragmatist, with very little time to write a very large amount of music for the church.
History of the Motet
an important form of polyphonic music. It is a sacred vocal compositon. Early motets were based on fragments of Gregorian Chant, developing from the earlier, organum. At first, motets were set to sacred poems in Latin, then to sacred poems in French. Later motets began to use love poems or political satires for their texts. This church genre, had been acquired by the courts as well. However the plainchant origin always remained in all motets for the notes of their bottom line.
Compare and contrast homophony, biophony, monophony, and polyphony
homophony-only one melody or real interest, comdined with chords or other subsidiary sounds


Monophony- A musical texture involving a single melodic line

polyphony- two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously
Describe the history of the baroque era and how that affected baroque music
science and dictatorship became more prevalent. Scales, tonality, rhythm and meter could now be measured more precisely with the advancements that were taking place in science. Music was used more for the court and the pleasure of wealthier and more powerful rulers and leaders, other than just being heard in the church. However, the church never lost its heavy focus on music. Instrumentation grew more prevalant as well due to the pomp and extravagance that began to become a necessity of music in the courts and theaters.