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32 Cards in this Set

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Melody
is an organized set of pitches
Tune
the most familiar of melodies in western music, it is a simple, easily singable, catchy melody
phrase
smaller sections of tunes, that have a clear and sharp division
sequence
duplication of a phrase in two or more different pitch levels, which enhances parallelism
climax
a distinct high point that has been built up to
Cadence
interim stopping or pausing
Motive
a distinct fragment of melody, distinctive enough so that when it returns again it will be easily recognized
theme
a general term for the basic subject matter of longer pieces of music.
Theme refers to the _______ not the _______ of a piece
function

nature
accompaniments
melodies together with other sounds
chords
a number of standard groupings of simultaneous pitches that practice has shown are sure to work well in combination
harmony
having to do with chords, or the "vertical" apsect of musical texture
harmonizing
the continuous matrix of changing chords provides a sort of contantly shifting sound background for the piece
consonance
intervals or chords that sound relatively stable and free of tension
dissonance
intervals or chords that sound relatively tense or unstable
resolve
to proceed from disonent harmony to consonent
texture
is the term used to refer to the blend of the various sounds and melodic lines occuring simultaneously in music
monophony
simplest texture, a single unaccompanied melody
heterophy
a monophonic texture in which subtly differet versions of a single melody are presented simultaneously
homophony
when there is only one melody of real interest combined with other sounds (harmony)
counterpoint
the technique of writing two or more melodies that fit together
imitative polyphony
reults when the various lines sounding together use the same or fairly similar melodies, with one coming in shortly after the other i.e. a round
non-imitative polyphony
occurs when the melodies are essentially different from one another
tonality
the homin instinct that we sense in melodies
tonal
describes tonality
tonic
in "tonal" music the central sounding note
modality
the term for 2 types of tonality- major and minor mode, also one of the several orientations of the diatonic scale
modes
the different "home" pitches
major mode
music with tthe "do" in the center
minor mode
music with the "la" in the center
keys
the different positions possible for the major and minor scale
modulation
changing keys in the course of a composition