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46 Cards in this Set

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ASPECT RATIO for Traditional (N.T.S.C.) TV
1.33:1
4 units by 3 units
ASPECT RATIO for H.D.T.V.
1.78:1
16 units by 9 units
Letterboxing
the process of transferring a widescreen image to video in a widescreen ratio
PAN-AND-SCAN
crops image to match 1.33:1 ratio
“Telephoto” Lens
Brings objects closer… magnifies
large focal length
“Wide Angle” Lens
Allows a wider “field of view”
shorter focal length
Problems with Oral Scripts
no fancy writing
no hyphenated words at the end of a line
no full justification
no single spacing
NEVER use A.M. / P.M.
NUMBERS (Cardinal numbers)
Up to and including 11 = words
Above 11, up to 999 = digits
Above 999 = combination
345,556,232 = nearly 350-thousand
Amplitude = ?
Loudness
Frequency = ?
Pitch
Quality/Color = ?
Timbre
Time Relationship = ?
Phase
TRANSDUCER
changes acoustic energy to electrical energy
high impedance mics
microphone which resists the flow of electrical impulses
Low impedance mics
professional microphones
generate less noise
less susceptible to hum/interference
long cables possible w/out noise
pan - camera shot
pivots right or left
tilt - camera shot
pivots up or down
dolly - camera shot
the camera moves on wheels toward or away from a subject
pedestal - camera shot
the camera moves up or down through space with the use of the hydraulic column
crane - camera shot
move the camera up, down, right, left, in an arc, or diagonal as the camera and operator move through space
zoom - camera shot
optical adjustment that changes the viewers vantage point
cut
an instantaneous and complete transition from one source to another
segue
audio transition that involves a rapid drop of the level of one source (fade out) and a fade in of the next
dissolve (video)
crossfade (audio)
one source gradually disappears or becomes softer while another appears or becomes louder
superimposition
partially dissolve, appearing as a ghosted images of two different sources, both filling the whole screen
foley
creation of sound effects as part of a sound design
nondiagetic sound
sound or music that exists otuside the reality of the story of film or video producton, such as background music or a voice-over narration
headroom
space above the subject's head that compensates for the magnetisim of the frame
jump cut
edit that breaks the continuity of a film or video production
bandwidth
range of frequencies required or avaiable for signal transmission that determines the amount of data that can be transmitted in a given time.
focal length
distance from optical center of the glass element of the lens to the image plane
luminance
brightness information of light
lookspace
extra space allowed in the frame in order to balance the subject's gaze
timecode
electronic signal that provides a descreet numerical reference for each frame or video
resolution
clarity or sharpness of reproduced images
saturation
property of a color that references the intensity of its hue
hue
property of a color that references where it falls within the color
beam splitter
device inside a video or digital still camera that separates the entering light in to three seperate colors to be received by the imaging chops or tubes
continuity (screen direction)
1. cinematic appracoh designed to tell a story in a linear fashion based on a set of conversations widely accepted by audiences
2. style of film and video editing in whihc shots are peiced together to create a realistic linear progression through timethat remains as seamless and invisible as possible
rack focus
camera techniqute in whihc the focal plane is shifted, changing the focus from ne subject on a plane of action to another on a different plane of action
true or false:
the control track is an electronic signal that identifies each frame of video with a unique numerical reference
true
pitch is...
the psychological perception of frequency
Correct or Inncorrect:
It is 67-degrees and cloudy
incorrect
true or false:
VU meters always use needles, whole peak meters use LED's
false
BLACK AUTO TRANS
fade entire program to black
AUTO TRANS or CUT on downstream keyer sections
fade in chyron character generator