Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the five elements that established the reality of Judaism?
1. Symbols of Unity – temple. Sacred place, key is monotheistic God
2. Law- Torah. Deuteronomy law. 10 commandments are ethical/moral law. They compare to the NT Beatitudes
3. Sectarianism –
4. Apocalyticism - life after death/cosmic battle. End times. Jesus is Apocalyptic prophet
5. Messianism – Son of God
4 covenants made with Israelites
1. Ten Commandments given to Moses exchange for God making the Israelites his chosen people.
2. The covenant made with Abraham giving him and descendants the land of Canaan, and guarantees that Abraham and Sarah will be the ancestors of a multitude of nations. In return Abraham had to be circumcised and all of the males in his house.
3. Covenant made to David. God promised that a dynasty of kings will descend from his line. Also promised that David’s son, Solomon would build a temple to hold the ark of the covenant. This covenant created the expectation that an earthly king descended from David would eventually return to overthrow Roman oppressors—the Messiah.
4.The covenant made to Jeremiah is the New Covenant. God will write the law on the hearts of believers and they will know the Lord. God will forgive the Jews for the past sins the Israelites had done.
Meaning of covenant
berith in Hebrew
3 Elements that comprise a covenant
1. Promise always initiated by God
2. Response – people must be obedient
3. Fulfillment – if they are obedient, then comes the fulfillment
How does Noahs covanent differ from the rest?
Different because with Israelite covenants, they were made only with Israel and Noah’s was made with everyone in the whole world.
Criterion of Independent Attestion
gather all sources of Jesus (Mark), use Q document and other sources (Saysings document, Gospel of Thomas, Quillo source, Pauls letters can be used)
Limitation – if you find one story somewhere that only appears once, it doesn’t authenticate it or validate it. This is one of the weakest ways to study.
- what is dissimilar in the text? look at early documents and look at family lineages, look at where it was found.
- Look for dissimilar sayings or deeds. Ex baptism
- How would Christian community want Jesus to be perceived the things that make Jeuss look weak or human or not God are in there because they are most likely true.
Limit- conforming deeds or actions doesn’t mean authority.
Contextual credibility
- if document came out in first century pre fall of temple it needs to look a certain way. Each document has a different context. How does it match the context it was written in?
- limit – lack of cooperating evidence
Historical Plausibility
- study Jewish historical text and then put Jesus in.
- Then put in Christian interpretations. If it doesn’t fit, it’s probably not true.
- First consider historical context, then theology
13 Pauline many written by Paul? Which were they?
7 written by Paul – 1 Thess, 1 cor, 2 cor, Galatians, Philippians, Philemon, Romans
Center of Galatians letter
Paul is angry at the people because they were turning to another teacher who was telling them that they needed to be circumcised.
in 1 he responds to their letter, there were three exchanges, we know this from what the letter says
most theological, Paul is getting older
Unique about Philippians
– it’s the most joyful
Unique about Philemon
it was a personal letter, written on behalf of a slave.
What is the issue with parousia in the Pauline corpus?
Was about the end or second coming. But what happens to believers that died before the second coming? Did not answer the question of whether or not they enter the new kingdom of God.
How does Paul understand covanent?
Paul believed, by believing in God he had the right standing as a member of the righteous covenant people of God. With Abraham the law came after, so the law is not necessary, but by faith.
Why is it important to reconstruct a timeline with the Pauline writings?
Because the letters are arranged in the Bible by length, longest to shortest. It is important to know when they were written to know if they were really written by Paul himself.
What was the Jerusalem Conference?
49 AD established precedent for addressing Church disputes in council.
Pauls eschatology
The kingdom is already here, but not yet. Christ’s resurrection marked the beginning of the end. Those who lived in Christ had already died to sin and begun a new creation, but awaited the completion of the process.
Bible means
scroll, from Greek biblia
Testament means
Canon means
rule, boundary given on a text
Central problem that grammar translation gives to text
Central problem that grammar translation gives to text is that when at first the Bible was translated, it was translated without punctuation. So when they put in the punctuation, they didn’t really know where it went and it can change the meaning.
Criteria for Hebrew canon
What is the criteria for the Hebrew canon?
Had to be in harmony with Torah, had to be written before the time of Ezra, and had to be written in Hebrew.
Difference between roman bible and prot Bible
the roman bible has more books, it includes the apocrypha.
Problem with the ending of Mark
there are two endings
Who is Tatian, what did he write and why
He wrote a book that rolled the 4 Gospels all in to one book. He wrote it to solve conflicting problems and to eliminate repetitive text.
What are the 4 theories of inspiration given for scripture?
1. Verbal inspiration total inerrancy
2. Verbal inspiration religious inerrancy
3. Inspirational ideas – Gods ideas, human words
4. social interpretation – text given to a community
What was the criteria used to determine that Christian canon?
1. Apostolicity – idea that text needs to be written by the followers of the apostles
2. Catholicity – it had to be a document written that could be applied to the whole church
3. Orthodoxy – had to be Orthodox teachings
4. Traditional usage – were used in teaching by most Christian people already before they were canonized.